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Evros (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Έβρου) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace. Its name is derived from the river Evros, which appears to have been a Thracian hydronym. Evros is the northernmost regional unit. It borders Turkey to the east, across the river Evros, and it borders Bulgaria to the north and the northwest. Its capital is Alexandroupoli. Together with the regional units Rhodope and Xanthi, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace.

Evros (regional unit)

(Seat: Αλεξανδρούπολη, η)
03 147.947

Municipality Alexandroupoli

(Seat: Αλεξανδρούπολη, η , Historic Seat: Βήρα, η)
0301 72.959
Municipal unit Alexandroupoli 030101 61.702
Municipal Community Alexandroupoli 03010101 58.125
Agnantia (Αγνάντια, η) 0301010102 158
Alexandroupoli (Αλεξανδρούπολη, η) 0301010101 57.812
Amfitriti (Αμφιτρίτη, η) 0301010103 155
Community Avas 03010102 527
Avas (Άβας, ο) 0301010201 527
Community Aisymi 03010103 253
Aisymi (Αισύμη, η) 0301010301 193
Leptokarya (Λεπτοκαρυά, η) 0301010302 60
Community Kirki 03010104 75
Kirki (Κίρκη, ο) 0301010401 75
Community Makri 03010105 1.919
Dikella (Δίκελλα, τα) 0301010502 290
Ennato (Έννατο, το) 0301010503 268
Koimisi Theotokou (Κοίμηση Θεοτόκου, η) 0301010504 48
Makri (Μάκρη, η) 0301010501 924
Mesimvria (Μεσημβρία, η) 0301010505 145
Panorama (Πανόραμα, το) 0301010506 37
Paralia Dikellon (Παραλία Δικελλών, η) 0301010507 102
Plaka (Πλάκα, η) 0301010508 105
Community Sykorrachi 03010106 803
Atarni (Ατάρνη, η) 0301010602 77
Avra (Αύρα, η) 0301010603 135
Komaros (Κόμαρος, η) 0301010604 169
Mesti (Μέστη, η) 0301010605 112
Perama (Πέραμα, το) 0301010606 108
Sykorrachi (Συκορράχη, η) 0301010601 202
Municipal unit Traianoupoli 030102 2.706
Community Antheia 03010201 1.226
Antheia (Άνθεια, η) 0301020102 781
Aristino (Αρίστηνο, το) 0301020101 445
Community Doriko 03010202 341
Aetochori (Αετοχώρι, το) 0301020202 81
Doriko (Δωρικόν, το) 0301020201 260
Community Loutros 03010203 769
Λουτρά Τραϊανουπόλεως, τα 0301020302 29
Loutros (Λουτρός, ο) 0301020301 713
Pefka (Πεύκα, τα) 0301020303 27
Community Nipsa 03010204 370
Nipsa (Νίψα, η) 0301020401 370
Municipal unit Feres 030103 8.551
Municipal Community Peplos 03010305 1.514
Vrysoula (Βρυσούλα, η) 0301030502 165
Gemisti (Γεμιστή, η) 0301030503 158
Kipoi (Κήποι, οι) 0301030504 193
Peplos (Πέπλος, ο) 0301030501 998
Municipal Community Feres 03010301 5.659
Poros (Πόρος, ο) 0301030102 202
Feres (Φέραι, αι) 0301030101 5.457
Community Ardani 03010302 306
Ardani (Αρδάνιο, το) 0301030201 306
Community Doriskos 03010303 520
Doriskos (Δορίσκος, ο) 0301030301 276
Monastiraki (Μοναστηράκι, το) 0301030302 244
Community Kavisos 03010304 197
Kavisos (Καβησός, η) 0301030401 197
Community Pylaia 03010306 148
Koila (Κοίλα, τα) 0301030602 7
Melia (Μελία, η) 0301030603 62
Pylaia (Πυλαία, η) 0301030601 79
Community Trifylli 03010307 207
Itea (Ιτέα, η) 0301030702 105
Trifylli (Τριφύλλι, το) 0301030701 102

Municipality Didymoteicho

(Seat: Διδυμότειχο, το)
0302 19.493
Municipal unit Didymoteicho 030201 16.078
Municipal Community Didymoteicho 03020101 9.367
Didymoteicho (Διδυμότειχο, το) 0302010101 9.263
Neoi Psathades (Νέοι Ψαθάδες, οι) 0302010102 104
Municipal Community Ellinochori 03020104 1.373
Ellinochori (Ελληνοχώρι, το) 0302010401 593
Thyrea (Θυρέα, η) 0302010402 160
Lagos (Λαγός, ο) 0302010403 620
Community Asvestades 03020102 192
Asvestades (Ασβεστάδες, οι) 0302010201 192
Community Asimenio 03020103 334
Asimenio (Ασημένιο, το) 0302010301 334
Community Isaakio 03020105 407
Isaakio (Ισαάκιο, το) 0302010501 407
Community Karoti 03020106 271
Karoti (Καρωτή, η) 0302010601 271
Community Koufovouno 03020107 629
Koufovouno (Κουφόβουνο, το) 0302010701 629
Community Kyani 03020108 474
Kyani (Κυανή, η) 0302010801 474
Community Mani 03020109 538
Evgeniko (Ευγενικόν, το) 0302010902 85
Mani (Μάνη, η) 0302010901 385
Sitaria (Σιταριά, η) 0302010903 68
Community Petrades 03020110 184
Petrades (Πετράδες, οι) 0302011001 184
Community Poimeniko 03020111 343
Poimeniko (Ποιμενικόν, το) 0302011101 343
Community Prangi 03020112 304
Πραγγίο, το 0302011201 304
Community Pythio 03020113 541
Pythio (Πύθιο, το) 0302011301 429
Rigio (Ρήγιο, το) 0302011302 100
Σταθμός, ο 0302011303 12
Community Sitochori 03020114 326
Sitochori (Σιτοχώρι, το) 0302011401 326
Community Sofiko 03020115 795
Sofiko (Σοφικόν, το) 0302011501 795
Municipal unit Metaxades 030202 3.415
Community Alepochori 03020202 365
Alepochori (Αλεποχώρι, το) 0302020201 237
Polia (Πολιά, η) 0302020202 128
Community Asproneri 03020203 538
Asproneri (Ασπρονέρι, το) 0302020301 466
Giatrades (Γιατράδες, οι) 0302020302 72
Community Vrysika 03020204 304
Vrysika (Βρυσικά, τα) 0302020401 162
Savra (Σαύρα, η) 0302020402 142
Community Doxa 03020205 410
Doxa (Δόξα, η) 0302020501 410
Community Elafochori 03020206 433
Vrysi (Βρύση, η) 0302020602 43
Elafochori (Ελαφοχώρι, το) 0302020601 133
Chionades (Χιονάδες, αι) 0302020603 257
Community Ladi 03020207 180
Ladi (Λάδη, η) 0302020701 180
Community Metaxades 03020201 717
Avdella (Αβδέλλα, η) 0302020102 30
Metaxades (Μεταξάδες, οι) 0302020101 687
Community Paliouri 03020208 468
Paliouri (Παλιούρι, το) 0302020801 468

Municipality Orestiada

(Seat: Ορεστιάδα, η)
0303 37.695
Municipal unit Vyssa 030302 6.515
Municipal Community Nea Vyssa 03030201 2.805
Nea Vyssa (Νέα Βύσσα, η) 0303020101 2.805
Community Kavyli 03030202 758
Kavyli (Καβύλη, η) 0303020201 758
Community Kastanies 03030203 1.059
Kastanies (Καστανέαι, αι) 0303020301 1.059
Community Rizia 03030204 1.272
Rizia (Ρίζια, τα) 0303020401 1.272
Community Sterna 03030205 621
Sterna (Στέρνα, η) 0303020501 621
Municipal unit Kyprinos 030303 2.226
Community Galini 03030302 0
Galini (Γαλήνη, η) 0303030201 0
Community Zoni 03030303 449
Zoni (Ζώνη, η) 0303030301 150
Mikri Doxipara (Μικρά Δοξιπάρα, η) 0303030302 209
Chelidona (Χελιδών, η) 0303030303 90
Community Kyprinos 03030301 806
Kyprinos (Κυπρίνος, ο) 0303030101 806
Community Fylakio 03030304 971
Ammovouno (Αμμόβουνο, το) 0303030402 113
Keramos (Κέραμος, ο) 0303030403 263
Fylakio (Φυλάκιο, το) 0303030401 595
Municipal unit Orestiada 030301 23.584
Municipal Community Orestiada 03030101 20.211
Lepti (Λεπτή, η) 0303010102 641
Neos Pyrgos (Νέος Πύργος, ο) 0303010103 943
Orestiada (Ορεστιάς, η) 0303010101 18.426
Palaia Sagini (Παλαιά Σαγήνη, η) 0303010104 15
Sakkos (Σάκκος, ο) 0303010105 186
Community Ampelakia 03030102 470
Ampelakia (Αμπελάκια, τα) 0303010201 470
Community Valtos 03030103 403
Valtos (Βάλτος) 0303010301 403
Community Thourio 03030104 643
Thourio (Θούριο, το) 0303010401 643
Community Megali Doxipara 03030105 302
Megali Doxipara (Μεγάλη Δοξιπάρα, η) 0303010501 302
Community Neo Cheimonio 03030106 444
Neo Cheimonio (Νέο Χειμώνιο το) 0303010601 444
Community Neochori 03030107 902
Neochori (Νεοχώρι, το) 0303010701 739
Patagi (Παταγή, η) 0303010702 163
Community Chandras 03030108 209
Chandras (Χανδράς, ο) 0303010801 209
Municipal unit Trigono 030304 5.370
Community Arzos 03030402 433
Arzos (Άρζος, ο) 0303040201 237
Καναδάς, ο 0303040202 196
Community Dikaia 03030401 834
Dikaia (Δίκαια, τα) 0303040101 561
Δίλοφος, ο 0303040102 52
Krios (Κριός, ο) 0303040103 40
Palli (Πάλλη, η) 0303040104 181
Community Elaia 03030403 428
Elaia (Ελαία, η) 0303040301 428
Community Therapeio 03030404 86
Therapeio (Θεραπειό, το) 0303040401 86
Community Komara 03030405 628
Komara (Κόμαρα, τα) 0303040501 628
Community Marasia 03030406 140
Marasia (Μαράσια, τα) 0303040601 140
Community Milia 03030407 54
Milia (Μηλέα, η) 0303040701 54
Community Ormenio 03030408 557
Ormenio (Ορμένιο, το) 0303040801 557
Community Pentalofos 03030409 510
Pentalofos (Πεντάλοφος, ο) 0303040901 510
Community Petrota 03030410 270
Petrota (Πετρωτά, τα) 0303041001 270
Community Plati 03030411 655
Plati (Πλάτη, η) 0303041101 655
Community Ptelea 03030412 441
Ptelea (Πτελέα, η) 0303041201 441
Community Spilaio 03030413 334
Spilaio (Σπήλαιο, το) 0303041301 334

Municipality Samothraki

(Seat: Σαμοθράκη, η)
0304 2.859
Alonia (Αλώνια, τα) 0304000002 291
Ano Karyotes (Άνω Καρυώται, οι) 0304000003 22
Ano Meria (Άνω Μεριά, η) 0304000004 57
Dafnes (Δάφνες, οι) 0304000005 16
Therma (Θέρμα, τα) 0304000006 106
Kamariotissa (Καμαριώτισσα, η) 0304000007 1.069
Katsampas (Κατσαμπάς, ο) 0304000008 15
Kato Karyotes (Κάτω Καρυώται, οι) 0304000009 41
Lakkoma (Λάκκωμα, το) 0304000010 317
Makrylies (Μακρυλιές, οι) 0304000011 12
Xiropotamos (Ξηροπόταμος, ο) 0304000012 29
Palaiopoli (Παλαιόπολις, η) 0304000013 36
Potamia (Ποταμιά, η) 0304000014 6
Profitis Ilias (Προφήτης Ηλίας, ο) 0304000015 189
Samothraki (Town) (Σαμοθράκη, η) 0304000001 653

Municipality Soufli

(Seat: Σουφλί, το)
0305 14.941
Municipal unit Orfeas 030502 4.761
Municipal Community Mikro Dereio 03050206 1.903
Geriko (Γέρικο, το) 0305020602 125
Goniko (Γονικόν, το) 0305020603 309
Mega Dereio (Μέγα Δέρειο, το) 0305020604 528
Mikro Dereio (Μικρό Δέρειο, το) 0305020601 158
Petrolofos (Πετρόλοφος, ο) 0305020605 112
Roussa (Ρούσσα, η) 0305020606 325
Sidirochori (Σιδηροχώρι, το) 0305020607 346
Community Amorio 03050202 412
Amorio (Αμόριο, το) 0305020201 412
Community Kyriaki 03050203 100
Kyriaki (Κυριακή, η) 0305020301 100
Community Lavara 03050201 1.093
Lavara (Λάβαρα, τα) 0305020101 1.093
Community Mandra 03050204 150
Mandra (Μάνδρα, η) 0305020401 150
Community Mavrokklisi 03050205 313
Korymvos (Κόρυμβος, ο) 0305020502 201
Mavrokklisi (Μαυροκκλήσι, το) 0305020501 112
Community Protokklisi 03050207 790
Agriani (Αγριάνη, η) 0305020702 530
Protokklisi (Πρωτοκκλήσι, το) 0305020701 260
Municipal unit Soufli 030501 6.170
Municipal Community Soufli 03050101 4.487
Giannouli (Γιαννούλη, η) 0305010102 185
Sidiro (Σιδηρώ, η) 0305010103 465
Soufli (Σουφλί, το) 0305010101 3.837
Community Dadia 03050102 546
Dadia (Δαδιά, η) 0305010201 533
Κοτρωνιά, η 0305010202 12
Μονή Δαδιάς, η 0305010203 1
Community Kornofolea 03050103 443
Κορνοφωλεά, η 0305010301 432
Μονή Κορνοφωλεάς, η 0305010302 11
Community Lagyna 03050104 328
Lagyna (Λαγυνά, τα) 0305010401 328
Community Lykofos 03050105 366
Lykofos (Λυκόφως, το) 0305010501 366
Municipal unit Tychero 030503 4.010
Municipal Community Tychero 03050301 2.311
Tychero (Τυχερόν, το) 0305030101 2.311
Community Lefkimmi 03050302 201
Lefkimmi (Λευκίμμη, η) 0305030201 201
Community Lyra 03050303 185
Lyra (Λύρα, η) 0305030301 185
Community Provatonas 03050304 1.004
Thymaria (Θυμαριά, η) 0305030402 232
Προβατών, ο 0305030401 712
Tavri (Ταύρη, η) 0305030403 60
Community Fylakto 03050305 309
Fylakto (Φυλακτόν, το) 0305030501 309



Geography
Flag of rebels of Evros region during the Greek War of Independence

Evros is one of the largest regional units of Greece. It forms the eastern part of the geographical region Western Thrace, and includes the island Samothrace in the northern Aegean Sea. Its length is about 150 km from north to south (excluding Samothrace). Its width ranges from 70 to 100 km from east to west. The most important rivers are the Evros and its tributary Arda.

The Rhodope Mountains lie in the west and the southwest. The Aegean Sea lies to the south. The Evros valley is flat. Samothrace is mountainous.

The coastal area has a predominantly Mediterranean climate, whereas the northern part and the mountains have a colder continental climate.
Administration

The Evros regional unit is subdivided into 5 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[2]

Alexandroupoli (1)
Didymoteicho (2)
Orestiada (3)
Samothrace (Samothraki, 4)
Soufli (5)

Prefecture

Evros was established as a prefecture in 1930 (Greek: Νομός Έβρου), when the former Thrace Prefecture was divided into the Rhodope and Evros prefectures.[3] As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the East Macedonia and Thrace region, with no change in its boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[2]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Alexandroupoli Alexandroupoli Alexandroupoli
Traianoupoli
Feres
Didymoteicho Didymoteicho Didymoteicho
Metaxades
Orestiada Orestiada Orestiada
Vyssa
Kyprinos
Trigono
Samothrace (Samothraki) Samothrace Samothrace
Soufli Soufli Soufli
Orfeas
Tychero


Provinces

Province of Orestiada - Orestiada
Province of Didymoteicho - Didymoteicho
Province of Soufli - Soufli
Province of Alexandroupoli - Alexandroupolis
Province of Samothrace - Samothrace

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
History

As a part of Western Thrace, the territory of the Evros regional unit followed the fate of that region. At 1821, several parts of Evros region, such as Lavara and Samothraki rebelled, participated in the Greek War of Independence. It became part of Greece in 1920, when it was ceded by Bulgaria as a result of the Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine. Initially it was part of the Thrace Prefecture, which was subdivided in 1930. During the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), many Greek refugees settled in the Evros, and new towns bere built, including Orestiada. The Evros river valley was flooded several times, notably in 1997, 2005, and 2006.
Transport

The main roads in the Evros regional unit are:

Egnatia Odos/E90 motorway (... Komotini - Alexandroupoli - İpsala (Turkey))
Greek National Road 2 (... Komotini - Alexandroupoli - Feres)
Greek National Road 51/E85 (Svilengrad (Bulgaria) - Orestiada - Didymoteicho - Feres)
Greek National Road 53 (Ormenio - Metaxades - Aisymi - Alexandroupoli)

A railway line connects Alexandroupoli with Thessaloniki via Komotini, Xanthi and Drama. Another line connects Alexandroupoli with Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria via Didymoteicho and Orestiada, with a branch line from Didymoteicho to Uzunköprü, Turkey.

The Alexandroupolis International Airport is served by mostly national flights.
Notable people

Todor Dinov (1919–2004), Bulgarian graphic artist and animator
Hrysopiyi Devetzi (1976), Greek athlete
Demis Nikolaidis (1973), Greek footballer
Athanasios Tsigas (1982), Greek footballer
Lefteris Hapsiadis (1953), Greek Lyrics Creator and Writer

References

"Publication of provisional results of the 2011 Population Census" (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece. p. 3.
"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3.

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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