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Rhodopi (Greek: Ροδόπη, Rodópi, [roˈðopi]) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace. Its name is derived from the Rhodope Mountains, which cover the northern part of its territory. Together with the regional units Evros and Xanthi, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace. The capital of the prefecture is the city of Komotini. The second largest town is Sapes. Most of the Muslims of Thrace, the only officially recognized minority in Greece, are settled in this area, where they form around half of the population.

Name Kallikratis Index Population

Rhodopi (regional unit)

(Seat: Κομοτηνή, η)
01 112.039

Municipality Arriana

(Seat: Φιλλύρα, η)
0102 16.577
Municipal unit Arriana 010202 5.589
Community Agiochori 01020202 226
Agiochori (Αγιοχώρι, το) 0102020201 226
Community Arriana 01020201 1.147
Arriana (Αρριανά, τα) 0102020101 1.147
Community Darmeni 01020203 314
Darmeni (Δαρμένη, η) 0102020301 314
Community Deilina 01020204 307
Deilina (Δειλινά, τα) 0102020401 307
Community Ipio 01020205 265
Ήπι, το 0102020501 265
Community Kinyra 01020206 171
Kinyra (Κίνυρα, τα) 0102020601 171
Community Lykeio 01020207 1.016
Λύκειο, το 0102020701 1.016
Community Mikro Pisto 01020208 433
Μικρόν Πιστόν, το 0102020801 433
Community Mystakas 01020209 419
Mystakas (Μύστακας, ο) 0102020901 419
Community Neda 01020210 246
Neda (Νέδα, η) 0102021001 246
Community Nikites 01020211 94
Nikites (Νικητές, οι) 0102021101 94
Community Plagia 01020212 294
Πλαγιά, η 0102021201 294
Community Skaloma 01020213 318
Skaloma (Σκάλωμα, το) 0102021301 318
Community Strofi 01020214 339
Strofi (Στροφή, η) 0102021401 339
Municipal unit Kechros 010203 1.222
Community Kechros 01020301 1.222
Άνω Καμπή, η 0102030102 23
Βούρλα, τα 0102030103 30
Kampos (Κάμπος, ο) 0102030104 76
Κερασιά, η 0102030105 125
Kechros (Κέχρος, ο) 0102030101 199
Μικρός Κέχρος, ο 0102030106 103
Μοναστήριο, το 0102030107 74
Tsoukka (Τσούκκα, η) 0102030108 65
Χαμηλόν, το 0102030109 84
Charadra (Χαράδρα, η) 0102030110 113
Χλόη, η 0102030111 330
Municipal unit Organi 010204 2.183
Municipal Community Organi 01020401 2.183
Άνω Κάρδαμος ο 0102040102 52
Vyrsini (Βυρσίνη, η) 0102040103 307
Drania (Δρανιά, η) 0102040104 164
Kalyvia (Καλύβια, τα) 0102040105 51
Kardamos (Κάρδαμος, ο) 0102040106 178
Κάτω Βυρσίνη, η 0102040107 77
Kovalo (Κόβαλο, το) 0102040108 58
Kymi (Κύμη, η) 0102040109 306
Myrtiski (Μυρτίσκη, η) 0102040110 385
Organi (Οργάνη, η) 0102040101 496
Σμιγάδα, η 0102040111 109
Municipal unit Fillyra 010201 7.583
Community Agra 01020102 197
Agra (Άγρα, η) 0102010201 197
Community Ano Drosini 01020103 106
Ano Drosini (Άνω Δροσινή, η) 0102010301 106
Community Aratos 01020104 1.158
Aratos (Άρατος, ο) 0102010401 1.158
Community Ardeia 01020105 27
Αρδεία, η 0102010501 27
Community Archontika 01020106 365
Archontika (Αρχοντικά, τα) 0102010601 365
Community Vragia 01020107 521
Vragia (Βραγιά, η) 0102010701 521
Community Dokos 01020108 970
Dokos (Δοκός, η) 0102010801 970
Community Drosia 01020109 223
Drosia (Δροσιά, η) 0102010901 223
Community Drymi 01020110 302
Drymi (Δρύμη, η) 0102011001 302
Community Esochi 01020111 323
Esochi (Εσοχή, η) 0102011101 323
Community Kato Drosini 01020112 66
Kato Drosini (Κάτω Δροσινή, η) 0102011201 66
Community Lampro 01020113 492
Lampro (Λαμπρόν, το) 0102011301 492
Community Neo Kallyntirio 01020114 241
Νέο Καλλυντήριο, το 0102011401 241
Community Nevra 01020115 158
Nevra (Νεύρα, τα) 0102011501 158
Community Omiriko 01020116 313
Omiriko (Ομηρικόν, το) 0102011601 313
Community Passos 01020117 747
Passos (Πάσσος, ο) 0102011701 747
Community Paterma 01020118 109
Paterma (Πατερμά, τα) 0102011801 109
Community Ragada 01020119 270
Ragada (Ραγάδα, η) 0102011901 270
Community Skiada 01020120 86
Skiada (Σκιάδα, η) 0102012001 86
Community Fillyra 01020101 909
Fillyra (Φιλλύρα, η) 0102010101 909

Municipality Iasmos

(Seat: Ίασμος, ο)
0103 13.810
Municipal unit Amaxades 010302 1.773
Community Amaxades 01030201 1.773
Amaxades (Αμαξάδες, οι) 0103020101 1.195
Άνω Αμαξάδες, οι 0103020102 563
Μοναχοί, οι 0103020103 15
Municipal unit Iasmos 010301 5.703
Municipal Community Iasmos 01030101 4.399
Galini (Γαλήνη, η) 0103010102 289
Dialampi (Διαλαμπή, η) 0103010103 469
Iasmos (Ίασμος, ο) 0103010101 2.586
Ιππικόν, το 0103010104 37
Koptero (Κοπτερόν, το) 0103010105 810
Μελίταινα, η 0103010106 15
Mosaiko (Μωσαϊκόν, το) 0103010107 193
Community Amvrosia 01030102 766
Amvrosia (Αμβροσία, η) 0103010201 432
Μικρόν Παλλάδιο, το 0103010202 60
Παλλάδιο, το 0103010203 274
Community Salpi 01030103 538
Γλυκονέριο, το 0103010302 68
Salpi (Σάλπη, η) 0103010301 470
Municipal unit Sostis 010303 6.334
Municipal Community Asomatoi 01030302 2.851
Agiasma (Αγίασμα, το) 0103030201 326
Asomatoi (Ασώματοι, οι) 0103030202 712
Dymi (Δύμη, η) 0103030203 403
Thamna (Θάμνα, τα) 0103030204 513
Ρίζωμα, το 0103030206 287
Πανεπιστημιούπολη, η 0103030205 346
Φωλέα, η 0103030207 264
Community Kerasia 01030303 8
Κερασέα, η 0103030301 8
Community Linos 01030304 411
Linos (Ληνός, ο) 0103030401 411
Community Mega Pisto 01030305 886
Μέγα Πιστόν, το 0103030501 886
Community Mischos 01030306 729
Mischos (Μίσχος, ο) 0103030601 729
Community Polyantho 01030307 737
Κρυστάλλη, η 0103030702 9
Πολύανθο, το 0103030701 712
Τρίκορφο, το 0103030703 16
Community Sostis 01030301 712
Σώστης, ο 0103030101 712

Municipality Komotini

(Seat: Κομοτηνή, η)
0101 66.919
Municipal unit Aigeiros 010102 3.493
Community Aigeiros 01010201 1.207
Αγροτικόν Ορφανοτροφείο, το 0101020102 45
Aigeiros (Αίγειρος, η) 0101020101 924
Μεσσούνη, η 0101020103 238
Community Arogi 01010202 9
Arogi (Αρωγή, η) 0101020201 9
Community Glyfada 01010203 136
Glyfada (Γλυφάδα, η)) 0101020301 136
Community Kallisti 01010204 122
Kallisti (Καλλίστη, η) 0101020401 122
Community Meleti 01010205 497
Μελέτη, η 0101020501 497
Community Mesi 01010206 183
Mesi (Μέση, η) 0101020601 183
Community Nea Kallisti 01010207 391
Νέα Καλλίστη, η 0101020701 391
Community Paralia Mesi 01010208 6
Παραλία Μέσης, η 0101020801 6
Community Porpi 01010209 452
Porpi (Πόρπη, η) 0101020901 452
Community Fanari 01010210 490
Fanari (Φανάριο, το) 0101021001 490
Municipal unit Komotini 010101 60.648
Municipal Community Komotini 01010101 54.272
Ifaistos (Ήφαιστος, ο) 0101010102 1.706
Komotini (Κομοτηνή, η) 0101010101 50.990
Μέγα Κρανοβούνιο, το 0101010103 149
Μεσοχώρι, το 0101010104 119
Μικρόν Κρανοβούνιο, το 0101010105 159
Paradimi (Παραδημή, η) 0101010106 434
Σχολή Αστυνομίας, η 0101010107 335
Υφαντές, οι 0101010108 380
Community Anthochori 01010102 82
Anthochori (Ανθοχώρι, το) 0101010201 82
Community Gratini 01010103 365
Gratini (Γρατινή, η) 0101010301 365
Community Thrylorio 01010104 1.910
Θρυλόριο, το 0101010401 620
Roditis (Ροδίτης, ο) 0101010402 1.018
Φύλακας, ο 0101010403 272
Community Itea 01010105 77
Ιτέα, η 0101010501 77
Community Kalchas 01010106 1.160
Ιάμπολις, η 0101010602 173
Kalchas (Κάλχας, ο) 0101010601 634
Μεγάλη Άδα, η 0101010603 9
Μύτικας, ο 0101010604 5
Σαρακηνή, η 0101010605 40
Tychiro (Τυχηρόν, το) 0101010606 299
Community Karydia 01010107 357
Karydia (Καρυδιά, η) 0101010701 357
Community Kikidio 01010108 610
Κηκίδιο, το 0101010801 610
Community Kosmio 01010109 922
Κόσμιο, το 0101010901 922
Community Pandrosos 01010110 394
Νυμφαία, η 0101011002 35
Πάνδροσος, η 0101011001 115
Σύμβολα, τα 0101011003 244
Community Sidirades 01010111 199
Sidirades (Σιδηράδες, οι) 0101011101 199
Community Stylari 01010112 300
Stylari (Στυλάριο, το) 0101011201 300
Municipal unit Neo Sidirochori 010103 2.778
Community Agioi Theodoroi 01010302 491
Agioi Theodoroi (Άγιοι Θεόδωροι, οι) 0101030201 491
Community Mega Doukato 01010303 418
Mega Doukato (Μέγα Δουκάτο, το) 0101030301 418
Community Neo Sidirochori 01010301 1.327
Αδριανή, η 0101030102 144
Καλαμόκαστρο, το 0101030103 342
Μαυρομμάτιο, το 0101030104 137
Μικρόν Δουκάτο, το 0101030105 137
Neo Sidirochori (Νέο Σιδηροχώρι, το) 0101030101 567
Community Pagouria 01010304 542
Παγούρια, τα 0101030401 542

Municipality Maroneia - Sapes

(Seat: Σάπες, οι)
0104 14.733
Municipal unit Maroneia 010402 6.350
Municipal Community Amaranta 01040202 1.918
Amaranta (Αμάραντα, τα) 0104020201 624
Βάκος, ο 0104020202 432
Isalo (Ίσαλο, το) 0104020203 490
Καλλιθέα, η 0104020204 137
Πάμφορο, το 0104020205 235
Municipal Community Xylagani 01040201 1.575
Εργάνη, η 0104020102 347
Νέα Πέτρα, η 0104020103 48
Xylagani (Ξυλαγανή, η) 0104020101 1.180
Community Imeros 01040203 276
Ampelakia (Αμπελάκια, τα) 0104020302 6
Imeros (Ίμερος, ο) 0104020301 270
Community Maroneia 01040204 570
Agios Charalambos (Άγιος Χαράλαμπος, ο) 0104020402 3
Ano Askites (Άνω Ασκητές, οι) 0104020403 49
Askites (Ασκητές, οι) 0104020404 68
Maroneia (Μαρώνεια, η) 0104020401 427
Πλατανίτης, ο 0104020405 23
Community Mirana 01040205 1.250
Βέννα, η 0104020502 619
Mirana (Μίρανα, τα) 0104020501 286
Σαλμώνη, η 0104020503 345
Community Pelagia 01040206 44
Pelagia (Πελαγία, η) 0104020601 44
Community Proskynites 01040207 717
Αλκυών, η 0104020702 6
Κρυονέρι, το 0104020704 50
Λεύκες, οι 0104020705 14
Οικισμός προσωπικού ΔΕΗ, ο 0104020703 16
Proskynites (Προσκυνητές, οι) 0104020701 597
Προφήτης Ηλίας, ο 0104020706 34
Municipal unit Sapes 010401 8.383
Municipal Community Sapes 01040101 4.988
Aetokoryfi (Αετοκορυφή, η) 0104010102 87
Arsakeio (Αρσάκειο, το) 0104010103 660
Βέλκιο, το 0104010104 329
Κασσιτερά, τα 0104010105 17
Protato (Πρωτάτο, το) 0104010106 278
Sapes (Σάπαι, οι) 0104010101 3.351
Τσιφλίκιο, το 0104010107 87
Χαμηλόν, το 0104010108 179
Community Amfia 01040102 359
Amfia (Αμφία, τα) 0104010201 359
Community Arisvi 01040103 1.054
Arisvi (Αρίσβη, η) 0104010301 1.054
Community Evrinos 01040104 455
Evrinos (Εβρίνος, ο) 0104010401 455
Community Iasio 01040105 83
Iasio (Ιάσιο, το) 0104010501 83
Community Kizario 01040106 45
Κιζάριο, το 0104010601 45
Community Krovyli 01040107 416
Krovyli (Κρωβύλη, η) 0104010701 129
Παλαιά Κρωβύλη, η 0104010702 277
Πετρωτά, τα 0104010703 10
Community Lofario 01040108 528
Αετόλοφος, ο 0104010802 39
Λοφάριο, το 0104010801 489
Community Nea Santa 01040109 188
Nea Santa (Νέα Σάντα, η) 0104010901 188
Community Strymi 01040110 267
Dioni (Διώνη, η) 0104011002 166
Strymi (Στρύμη, η) 0104011001 101

Geography

Rhodope borders on the regional unit Xanthi to the west and Evros to the east, and on Bulgaria's Kardzhali Province to the north. The Aegean Sea lies to the south. The eastern Rhodope Mountains cover the northern part of the regional unit. Apart from the mountainous areas, the territory consists mainly of farmland, forests and grasslands.

The southern and the central part have a mainly Mediterranean climate, and the northern part a mainly continental climate with cold winters.
Administration

The regional unit Rhodope is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Arriana (2)
Iasmos (3)
Komotini (1)
Maroneia-Sapes (4)

In 2015 this regional unit has three seats in the Hellenic Parliament.
Prefecture

Rhodope was established as a prefecture in 1930 (Greek: Νομός Ροδόπης), when the former Thrace Prefecture was divided into the Rhodope and Evros prefectures.[2] In 1944 Xanthi Prefecture was created from the western part of Rhodope Prefecture. Since the 1990s Rhodope cooperated with Evros in the Rhodope-Evros Super-prefecture.

As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the East Macedonia and Thrace region, with no change in its boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Arriana Arriana Fillyra
Kechros
Organi
Fillyra
Iasmos Iasmos Iasmos
Amaxades
Sostis
Komotini Komotini Komotini
Aigeiros
Neo Sidirochori
Maroneia-Sapes Maroneia Sapes
Sapes


Provinces

Province of Komotini - Komotini
Province of Sapes - Sapes

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
Sites of interest

The ancient city Anastasioupolis - Peritheorion with the medieval towers south-east of Amaxades.
The Imaret of Komotini, one of the oldest Ottoman monuments in Thrace from 1360 - 1380.
The Papikio mountain with the ruins of early Christian monasteries.
The trip route from Arriana to the east, as far as the borders with Evros (regional unit), within the forest.
The suburban forest of Nymphaea, north of Komotini.
The ancient Maronia.
The "Thracian Meteora" - scenic landscape with wild nature and wild horses north of Iasmos.
The circumcenter temple of 11th - 13th century of Maximianoupolis - Mosynoupolis few km west of Komotini.
Archaeological Museum of Komotini.
Folklore Museum of Komotini.
Byzantine Museum of Komotini.
Carathéodory's museum, dedicated to Constantin Carathéodory, in Komotini.
Thracian, Ethnological, Historical and Cultural museum, in Komotini.

Beaches and resorts

Petrota beach
Synaxi beach
Marmaritsa
Agios Charalampos' beach
Kangeles, near Maronia
Platanitis
Alkyona
Proskynites' beach or Kryoneri
Profitis Ilias
Imeros' beach
Karousmilou
Molyvoti
Chrysophora islet
Glyfada's beach
Paralia Mesis (with Blue flag 2014)
Arogi's beaches (1 of them with Blue flag 2014)
Fanari beaches (2 of them with Blue flag 2014)
Transport

GR-2/E90, Egnatia Highway, old and new, W, Cen., E, SE
GR-53

See also

List of settlements in the Rhodope regional unit

References

"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3.

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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