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Florina (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Φλώρινας) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of West Macedonia. Its capital is the town of Florina.

Florina (regional unit)

(Seat: Φλώρινα, η)
17 51.414

Municipality Amyntaio

(Seat: Αμύνταιο, το, Historic Seat: Νυμφαίο, το)
1702 16.973
Municipal unit Aetos 170202 2.952
Community Agrapidies 17020202 120
Agrapidies (Αγραπιδέαι, αι) 1702020201 120
Community Aetos 17020201 759
Aetos (Αετός, ο) 1702020101 759
Community Anargyroi 17020203 452
Anargyroi (Ανάργυροι, οι) 1702020301 452
Community Asprogeia 17020204 213
Asprogeia (Ασπρόγεια, τα) 1702020401 209
Perikopi (Περικοπή, η) 1702020402 4
Community Valtonera 17020205 232
Valtonera (Βαλτόνερα, τα) 1702020501 232
Community Limnochori 17020206 257
Limnochori (Λιμνοχώρι, το) 1702020601 257
Community Pedino 17020207 387
Pedino (Πεδινό, το) 1702020701 387
Community Sklithro 17020208 532
Sklithro (Σκλήθρο, το) 1702020801 532
Municipal unit Amyntaio 170201 7.612
Municipal Community Amyntaio
17020101 4.306
Amyntaio (Αμύνταιο, το) 1702010101 3.671
Analipsi (Ανάληψη, η) 1702010102 527
Sotiras (Σωτήρ, ο) 1702010103 108
Community Agios Panteleimon 17020102 984
Agios Panteleimon (Άγιος Παντελεήμων, ο) 1702010201 984
Community Kella 17020103 683
Kella (Κέλλα, η) 1702010301 683
Community Kleidi 17020104 66
Κλειδίο, το 1702010401 66
Community Xino Nero 17020105 1.081
Xino Nero (Ξινό Νερό, το) 1702010501 1.081
Community Petres 17020106 312
Petres (Πέτραι, αι) 1702010601 312
Community Rodonas 17020107 93
Rodonas (Ροδώνας, ο) 1702010701 93
Community Fanos 17020108 87
Fanos (Φανός, ο) 1702010801 87
Municipal unit Variko 170203 638
Community Variko 17020301 638
Variko (Βαρικό, το) 1702030101 638
Municipal unit Lechovo 170204 1.115
Community Lechovo 17020401 1.115
Lechovo (Λέχοβο, το) 1702040101 1.115
Municipal unit Nymfaio 170205 132
Community Nymfaio 17020501 132
Nymfaio (Νυμφαίο, το) 1702050101 132
Municipal unit Filotas 170206 4.524
Community Antigoneia 17020602 424
Antigonos (Αντίγονος, ο) 1702060201 424
Community Vegora 17020603 463
Vegora (Βέγορα, τα) 1702060301 463
Community Levaia 17020604 919
Levaia (Λεβαία, η) 1702060401 919
Community Maniaki 17020605 484
Maniaki (Μανιάκι, το) 1702060501 484
Community Pelargos 17020606 325
Pelargos (Πελαργός, ο) 1702060601 325
Community Farangi 17020607 137
Φαράγγι, το 1702060701 137
Community Filotas 17020601 1.772
Filotas (Φιλώτας, ο) 1702060101 1.772

Municipality Prespes

(Seat: Λαιμός, ο)
1703 1.560
Municipal unit Krystallopigi 170302 359
Community Vatochori 17030202 23
Vatochori (Βατοχώρι, το) 1703020201 23
Community Krystallopigi 17030201 314
Krystallopigi (Κρυσταλλοπηγή, η) 1703020101 314
Community Kotas 17030203 22
Kotas (Κώτας, ο) 1703020301 22
Municipal unit Prespes 170301 1.201
Community Agios Achilleios 17030102 110
Agios Achilleios (Άγιος Αχίλλειος, ο) 1703010201 21
Pyli (Πύλη, η) 1703010202 89
Community Agios Germanos 17030103 182
Agios Germanos (Άγιος Γερμανός, ο) 1703010301 182
Community Antartiko 17030104 113
Antartiko (Ανταρτικό, το) 1703010401 84
Trigono (Τρίγωνο, το) 1703010402 29
Community Vrontero 17030105 78
Vrontero (Βροντερό, το) 1703010501 78
Community Kallithea 17030106 117
Kallithea (Καλλιθέα, η) 1703010601 117
Community Karyes 17030107 68
Karyes (Καρυαί, αι) 1703010701 56
Oxya (Οξυά, η) 1703010702 12
Community Laimos 17030101 187
Laimos (Λαιμός, ο) 1703010101 185
Mileonas (Μηλεών, ο) 1703010102 2
Community Lefkonas 17030108 116
Lefkonas (Λευκώνας, ο) 1703010801 116
Community Mikrolimni 17030109 46
Mikrolimni (Μικρολίμνη, η) 1703010901 46
Community Pisoderi 17030110 7
Vigla (Βίγλα, η) 1703011002 0
Pisoderi (Πισοδέρι, το) 1703011001 7
Community Platy 17030111 73
Platy (Πλατύ, το) 1703011101 73
Community Prasino 17030112 21
Prasino (Πράσινο, το) 1703011201 21
Community Psarades 17030113 83
Psarades (Ψαράδες, οι) 1703011301 83

Municipality Florina

(Seat: Φλώρινα, η)
1701 32.881
Municipal unit Kato Kleines 170102 2.735
Community Agia Paraskevi 17010202 136
Αγία Παρασκευή, η 1701020201 136
Community Akritas 17010203 100
Akritas (Ακρίτας, ο) 1701020301 100
Community Ano Kalliniki 17010204 275
Ano Kalliniki (Άνω Καλλινίκη, η) 1701020401 275
Community Ano Kleines 17010205 179
Ano Kleines (Άνω Κλειναί, αι) 1701020501 179
Community Ethniko 17010206 58
Εθνικό, το 1701020601 58
Community Kato Kalliniki 17010207 85
Kato Kalliniki (Κάτω Καλλινίκη, η) 1701020701 85
Community Kato Kleines 17010201 394
Κάτω Κλειναί, αι 1701020101 394
Community Kladorrachi 17010208 97
Kladorrachi (Κλαδορράχη, η) 1701020801 93
Κοίμησις της Θεοτόκου, η 1701020802 4
Community Kratero 17010209 84
Kratero (Κρατερό, το) 1701020901 84
Community Marina 17010210 120
Marina (Μαρίνα, η) 1701021001 120
Community Mesokampos 17010211 67
Mesokampos (Μεσόκαμπος, ο) 1701021101 67
Community Mesochori 17010212 358
Mesochori (Μεσοχώρι, το) 1701021201 358
Community Neos Kafkasos 17010213 229
Neos Kafkasos (Νέος Καύκασος, ο) 1701021301 229
Community Niki 17010214 273
Níki (Νίκη, η) 1701021401 273
Community Paroreio 17010215 23
Paroreio (Παρόρειο, το) 1701021501 23
Community Polyplatano 17010216 257
Polyplatano (Πολυπλάτανο, το) 1701021601 257
Municipal unit Meliti 170103 5.927
Community Achlada 17010302 404
Ano Achlada (Άνω Αχλάδα, η) 1701030202 102
Achlada (Αχλάδα, η) 1701030201 271
Giourouki (Γιουρούκι, το) 1701030203 31
Community Vevi 17010303 663
Vevi (Βεύη, η) 1701030301 663
Community Itea 17010304 542
Itea (Ιτέα, η) 1701030401 542
Community Lofoi 17010305 355
Lofoi (Λόφοι, οι) 1701030501 355
Community Meliti 17010306 1.432
Meliti (Μελίτη, η) 1701030601 1.432
Community Neochoraki 17010301 518
Agios Athanasios (Άγιος Αθανάσιος, ο) 1701030101 33
Neochoraki (Νεοχωράκι, το) 1701030102 485
Community Palaistra 17010307 289
Palaistra (Παλαίστρα, η) 1701030701 289
Community Pappagiannis 17010308 581
Pappagiannis (Παππαγιάννης, ο) 1701030801 581
Community Sitaria 17010309 718
Sitaria (Σιταριά, η) 1701030901 718
Community Skopos 17010310 114
Skopos (Σκοπός, ο) 1701031001 114
Community Tripotamos 17010311 311
Tripotamos (Τριπόταμος, ο) 1701031101 311
Municipal unit Perasma 170104 4.234
Community Agios Vartholomaios 17010402 213
Agios Vartholomaios (Άγιος Βαρθολομαίος, ο) 1701040201 172
Σταθμός Βεύης, ο 1701040202 41
Community Ammochori 17010403 1.250
Ammochori (Αμμοχώρι, το) 1701040301 1.250
Community Ano Ydroussa 17010404 229
Ano Ydroussa (Άνω Υδρούσσα, η) 1701040401 229
Community Atrapos 17010405 150
Atrapos (Ατραπός, η) 1701040501 150
Community Drosopigi 17010406 239
Drosopigi (Δροσοπηγή, η) 1701040601 239
Community Kolchiki 17010407 231
Kolchiki (Κολχική, η) 1701040701 231
Community Leptokaryes 17010408 62
Leptokaryes (Λεπτοκαρυαί, αι) 1701040801 62
Community Perasma 17010401 435
Perasma (Πέρασμα, το) 1701040101 435
Community Polypotamo 17010409 314
Πολυπόταμο, το 1701040901 314
Community Triantafyllea 17010410 64
Τριανταφυλλέα, η 1701041001 64
Community Tropaiouchos 17010411 323
Tropaiouchos (Τροπαιούχος, ο) 1701041101 323
Community Ydroussa 17010412 304
Ydroussa (Υδρούσσα, η) 1701041201 304
Community Flampouro 17010413 420
Flampouro (Φλάμπουρο, το) 1701041301 420
Municipal unit Florina 170101 19.985
Municipal Community Florina
17010101 17.907
Simos Ioannidis (Σίμος Ιωαννίδης, ο) 1701010102 221
Florina (Φλώρινα, η) 1701010101 17.686
Community Alona 17010102 211
Alona (Άλωνα, τα) 1701010201 211
Community Armenochori 17010103 986
Armenochori (Αρμενοχώρι, το) 1701010301 986
Community Koryfi 17010104 0
Koryfi (Κορυφή, η) 1701010401 0
Community Mesonisi 17010105 198
Mesonisi (Μεσονήσι, το) 1701010501 198
Community Proti 17010106 120
Proti (Πρώτη, η) 1701010601 120
Community Skopia 17010107 563
Skopia (Σκοπιά, η) 1701010701 563
Community Trivouno 17010108 0
Kalogeritsa (Καλογερίτσα, η) 1701010802 0
Trivouno (Τρίβουνο, το) 1701010801 0

Geography


Pisoderi ski resort
Lake Prespa

Florina borders the regional units of Pella to the east, Kozani to the south and Kastoriá to the southwest. At the Greek international borders, it is adjacent to Albania (Korçë County) to the west, the Republic of Macedonia (Bitola and Resen municipalities) to the north and Lake Prespa to the northwest, where the two borders cross each other. Lake Vegoritida is situated in the east.

Mountains in the regional unit include Verno (2,128 m or 6,982 ft), Varnous (2,117 m or 6,946 ft) and Voras (2,524 m or 8,281 ft).
Administration
Florina
Nymfaio

As from 2011 the regional unit of Florina is subdivided into 3 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[2]

Amyntaio (2)
Florina (1)
Prespes (3)

Prefecture

Florina was created as a prefecture (Greek: Νομός Φλώρινας) in 1915. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Florina was created out of the former prefecture Florina. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[2]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Amyntaio Amyntaio Amyntaio
Aetos
Variko
Lechovo
Nymfaio
Filotas
Florina Florina Florina
Kato Kleines
Meliti
Perasma
Prespes Prespes Laimos
Krystallopigi


Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the population of Florina regional unit was 51,414 people.[1] The local Greek population includes a linguistic minority of bilingual Slavophones, who in the early 1990s formed about 64% of the rural population and about 16% of the prefecture's total population.[3][4] There are also around 1,200 Slavophones—approximately 2% of the local population—who profess an ethnic Macedonian identity.[5] There also exist smaller communities of Aromanians and Arvanites, which today mostly have an ethnic Greek identity.

A diverse range of dialects are spoken in the regional unit alongside the official standard and local Macedonian varieties of Greek.[6] A minority of people speak the local Macedonian Slavic dialects and especially the Lower Prespa dialect and the Prilep-Bitola dialect.
Agriculture

Florina is rich in agriculture. The main production are peppers, beans and peaches. Beans are produced near Lake Prespa.
Transport

The main roads of Florina regional unit are Greek National Road 2 (Albania - Krystallopigi - Florina - Edessa - ...), Greek National Road 3 (Republic of Macedonia - Niki - Florina - Amyntaio - Kozani - ...) and Greek National Road 15 (Agios Germanos - Kastoria - ...). The Thessaloniki–Bitola railway runs through the regional unit, as of 2014 used by passenger trains between Florina and Thessaloniki.[7]
See also

List of settlements in the Florina regional unit
Archaeological Museum of Florina
Florina Byzantine Museum
Florina Museum of Modern Art
Pisoderi ski resort

References

"Detailed census results 2011" (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (xls 2,7 MB) on 2013-12-25.
"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
Roudometof, Victor (2002). Collective Memory, National Identity, and Ethnic Conflict: Greece, Bulgaria, and the Macedonian Question. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 124. ISBN 0-275-97648-3.
Usage des langues minoritaires dans les départements de Florina et d’Aridea (Macédoine); Riki Van Boeschoten
In the 2009 European elections in Greece, 1,195 people from Florina Prefecture voted for the Rainbow Party, which represents what it regards as the ethnic Macedonian minority in Greece.[1]
[2]
Thessaloniki - Edessa - Florina railway schedule

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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