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Pella (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Πέλλας) is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia. It is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great.[1] The capital of Pella is Edessa with a population of 19,036 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, while the largest city and industrial and commercial center is Giannitsa with 29,789 inhabitants. Other centers are the towns Krya Vrisi, Aridaia and Skydra.

Pella (regional unit)

(Seat: Edessa (Έδεσσα, η)
10 139.680

Municipality Almopia

(Seat: Αριδαία, η)
1002 27.556
Municipal unit Aridaia 100201 20.313
Municipal community Aridaia 10020101 7.057
Aridaia ( Αριδαία, η) 1002010101 6.561
Ydraia (Υδραία, η) 1002010102 496
Community Aloros 10020102 417
Aloros (Άλωρος, η) 1002010201 417
Community Apsalos 10020103 1.121
Apsalos (Άψαλος, η) 1002010301 1.121
Community Voreino 10020104 1.161
Voreino (Βορεινό, το) 1002010401 766
Νεοχώρι, το 1002010402 395
Community Garefeio 10020105 663
Garefeio (Γαρέφειο, το) 1002010501 663
Community Dorothea 10020106 596
Αγάθη, η 1002010602 32
Dorothea (Δωροθέα, η) 1002010601 564
Community Loutraki 10020107 1.146
Λουτρά Λουτρακίου, τα 1002010702 0
Λουτράκι, το 1002010701 1.146
Community Lykostomo 10020108 403
Lykostomo (Λυκόστομον, το) 1002010801 403
Community Megaplatanos 10020109 542
Megaplatanos (Μεγαπλάτανος, ο) 1002010901 378
Μοναστηράκι, το 1002010902 164
Community Xifiani 10020110 767
Xifiani (Ξιφιανή, η) 1002011001 767
Community Orma 10020111 641
Orma (Όρμα, η) 1002011101 641
Community Piperies 10020112 558
Piperies (Πιπεριαί, αι) 1002011201 558
Community Polykarpi 10020113 1.049
Polykarpi (Πολυκάρπι, το) 1002011301 1.049
Community Promachoi 10020114 1.740
Promachoi (Πρόμαχοι, οι) 1002011401 1.740
Community Sarakinoi 10020115 413
Κάτω Κορυφή, η 1002011502 62
Sarakinoi (Σαρακηνοί, οι) 1002011501 351
Community Sosandra 10020116 1.078
Sosandra (Σωσάνδρα, η) 1002011601 1.078
Community Tsakoi 10020117 961
Tsakoi (Τσάκοι, οι) 1002011701 961
Municipal unit Exaplatanos 100202 7.243
Community Archangelos 10020202 623
Archangelos (Αρχάγγελος, ο) 1002020201 623
Community Exaplatanos 10020201 1.292
Exaplatanos (Εξαπλάτανος, ο) 1002020101 1.292
Community Theodoraki 10020203 583
Theodoraki (Θεοδωράκει, το) 1002020301 583
Community Thiriopetra 10020204 334
Thiriopetra (Θηριόπετρα, η) 1002020401 334
Community Ida 10020205 639
Ida (Ίδα, η) 1002020501 639
Community Kontantia 10020206 570
Konstantia (Κωνσταντία, η) 1002020601 570
Community Milea 10020207 1.001
Μηλέα, η 1002020701 558
Ριζοχώρι, το 1002020702 443
Community Neromyloi 10020208 166
Neromyloi (Νερόμυλοι, οι) 1002020801 78
Prodromos (Πρόδρομος, ο) 1002020802 88
Community Notia 10020209 334
Aetochori (Αετοχώρι, το) 1002020902 25
Notia (Νότια, η) 1002020901 309
Community Perikleia 10020210 423
Lagkadia (Λαγκαδιά, η) 1002021002 82
Perikleia (Περίκλεια, η) 1002021001 341
Community Filoteia 10020211 543
Filoteia (Φιλώτεια, η) 1002021101 543
Community Foustani 10020212 454
Foustani (Φούστανη, η) 1002021201 454
Community Chrysi 10020213 281
Chrysi (Χρυσή, η) 1002021301 281

Municipality Edessa

(Seat: Έδεσσα, η)
1001 28.814
Municipal unit Vegoritida 100102 3.635
Community Agios Athanasios 10010202 518
Agios Athanasios (Άγιος Αθανάσιος, ο) 1001020201 67
Neos Agios Athanasios (Νέος Άγιος Αθανάσιος, ο) 1001020202 451
Community Arnissa 10010201 1.557
Agios Dimitrios (Άγιος Δημήτριος, ο) 1001020102 22
Arnissa (Άρνισσα, η) 1001020101 1.411
Drosia (Δροσιά, η) 1001020103 33
Nea Xanthogeia (Νέα Ξανθόγεια, τα) 1001020104 90
Xanthogeia (Ξανθόγεια, τα) 1001020105 1
Community Grammatiko 10010203 194
Ano Grammatiko (Άνω Γραμματικό, το) 1001020302 11
Kato Grammatiko (Κάτω Γραμματικό, το) 1001020301 183
Community Panagitsa 10010204 985
Zervi (Ζέρβη, η) 1001020402 303
Panagitsa (Παναγίτσα, η) 1001020401 682
Community Peraia 10010205 381
Peraia (Περαία, η) 1001020501 381
Municipal unit Edessa 100101 25.179
Municipal community Edessa 10010101 19.036
Edessa (Έδεσσα, η) 1001010101 18.229
Ekklisiochori (Εκκλησιοχώρι, το) 1001010102 683
Kaisariana (Καισαριανά, τα) 1001010103 81
Proastio (Προάστιο, το) 1001010104 43
Community Agras 10010102 796
Agras (Άγρας, ο) 1001010201 796
Community Vryta 10010103 451
Vryta (Βρυτά, τα) 1001010301 451
Community Karydia 10010104 860
Karydia (Καρυδιά, η) 1001010401 387
Kerasies (Κερασέαι, αι) 1001010402 473
Community Mesimeri 10010105 765
Mesimeri (Μεσημέρι, το) 1001010501 765
Community Nisi 10010106 382
Nisi (Νησίον, το) 1001010601 382
Community Platani 10010107 401
Platani (Πλατάνη, η) 1001010701 401
Community Rizari 10010108 1.132
Rizari (Ριζάρι, το) 1001010801 1.132
Community Sotira 10010109 512
Lykoi (Λύκοι, οι) 1001010902 65
Margarita (Μαργαρίτα, η) 1001010903 157
Palaia Sotira (Παλαιά Σωτήρα, η) 1001010904 0
Samari (Σαμάρι, το) 1001010905 85
Sotira (Σωτήρα, η) 1001010901 205
Community Framouria 10010110 844
Agia Foteini (Αγία Φωτεινή, η) 1001011002 261
Flamouria (Φλαμουριά, η) 1001011001 583

Municipality Pella

(Seat: Γιαννιτσά, τα, Historic Seat: Πέλλα, η)
1003 63.122
Municipal unit Giannitsa 100301 34.229
Municipal community Giannitsa 10030101 31.983
Archontiko (Αρχοντικό, το) 1003010102 218
Asvestareio (Ασβεσταρειό, το) 1003010103 4
Giannitsa (Γιαννιτσά, τα) 1003010101 29.789
Damiano (Δαμιανό, το) 1003010104 396
Eleftherochori (Ελευθεροχώρι, το) 1003010105 183
Leptokarya (Λεπτοκαρυά, η) 1003010106 187
Mesiano (Μεσιανό, το) 1003010107 346
Paralimni (Παραλίμνη, η) 1003010108 860
Community Ampeleies 10030102 1.159
Ampeleies (Αμπελείαι, αι) 1003010201 1.159
Community Melissi 10030103 1.087
Melissi (Μελίσσι, το) 1003010301 1.087
Municipal unit Krya Vrysi 100302 8.675
Municipal community Krya Vrysi 10030201 5.214
Krya Vrysi (Κρύα Βρύση, η) 1003020101 5.214
Community Agios Loukas 10030202 1.013
Agios Loukas (Άγιος Λουκάς, ο) 1003020201 1.013
Community Akrolimni 10030203 1.100
Akrolimni (Ακρολίμνη, η) 1003020301 1.100
Community Esovalta 10030204 1.348
Esovalta (Εσώβαλτα, τα) 1003020401 862
Stavrodromi (Σταυροδρόμι, το) 1003020402 486
Municipal unit Kyrros 100303 6.479
Municipal community Mylotopos 10030301 1.991
Kromni (Κρώμνη, η) 1003030102 8
Neos Mylotopos (Νέος Μυλότοπος, ο) 1003030101 1.983
Community Axos 10030302 1.245
Axos (Αξός, η) 1003030201 1.197
Ποντοχώρι, το 1003030202 48
Community Aravissos 10030303 1.398
Aravissos (Αραβησσός, η) 1003030301 1.398
Community Achladochori 10030304 404
Achladochori (Αχλαδοχώρι, το) 1003030401 404
Community Lakka 10030305 372
Lakka (Λάκκα, η) 1003030501 372
Community Palaios Mylotopos 10030306 720
Παλαιός Μυλότοπος, ο 1003030601 720
Community Plagiari 10030307 349
Plagiari (Πλαγιάρι, το) 1003030701 349
Municipal unit Megas Alexandros 100304 6.941
Municipal community Galatades 10030401 1.858
Galatades (Γαλατάδες, οι) 1003040101 1.858
Community Agios Georgios 10030402 232
Άγιος Γεώργιος, ο 1003040201 232
Community Drosero 10030403 457
Drosero (Δροσερό, το) 1003040301 457
Community Karyotissa 10030404 1.779
Karyotissa (Καρυώτισσα, η) 1003040401 1.779
Community Liparo 10030405 368
Liparo (Λιπαρό, το) 1003040501 368
Community Palaifyto 10030406 1.388
Palaifyto (Παλαίφυτον, το) 1003040601 1.388
Community Trifylli 10030407 859
Γυψοχώρι, το 1003040702 378
Τριφύλλι, το 1003040701 481
Municipal unit Pella 100305 6.798
Municipal community Pella 10030501 2.398
Πέλλα, η 1003050101 2.398
Community Agrosykea 10030502 280
Αγροσυκέα, η 1003050201 280
Community Athyra 10030503 1.524
Athyra (Άθυρα, τα) 1003050301 1.524
Community Dytiko 10030504 454
Dytiko (Δυτικό, το) 1003050401 454
Community Nea Pella 10030505 1.510
Nea Pella (Νέα Πέλλα, η) 1003050501 1.510
Community Rachona 10030506 632
Livaditsa (Λιβαδίτσα, η) 1003050602 46
Rachona (Ραχώνα, η) 1003050601 586

Municipality Skydra

(Seat: Σκύδρα, η)
1004 20.188
Municipal unit Meniida 100402 4.575
Community Anydro 10040202 382
Anydro (Άνυδρον, το) 1004020201 382
Community Kali 10040201 1.378
Kali (Καλή, η) 1004020101 1.378
Community Kallipoli 10040203 625
Καλλίπολις, η 1004020301 456
Sandali (Σανδάλι, το) 1004020302 169
Community Kranea 10040204 74
Kranea (Κρανέα, η) 1004020401 73
Λιθαριά, η 1004020402 1
Community Mandalo 10040205 1.080
Mandalo (Μάνδαλον, το) 1004020501 1.080
Community Profitis Ilias 10040206 1.036
Profitis Ilias (Προφήτης Ηλίας, ο) 1004020601 1.036
Municipal unit Skydra 100401 15.613
Municipal community Skydra 10040101 5.406
Skydra (Σκύδρα, η) 1004010101 5.406
Community Arseni 10040102 1.396
Arseni (Αρσένι, το) 1004010201 1.396
Community Aspro 10040103 808
Aspro (Άσπρον, το) 1004010301 808
Community Dafni 10040104 679
Dafni (Δάφνη, η) 1004010401 679
Community Kalyvi 10040105 1.095
Kalyvia (Καλύβια, τα) 1004010501 1.095
Community Lipochori 10040106 1.031
Lipochori (Λιποχώριο, το) 1004010601 1.031
Community Mavrovouni 10040107 1.006
Mavrovouni (Μαυροβούνι, το) 1004010701 1.006
Community Nea Zoni 10040108 151
Nea Zoi (Νέα Ζωή, η) 1004010801 151
Community Petraia 10040109 1.637
Loutrochori (Λουτροχώρι, το) 1004010902 458
Petraia (Πετραία, η) 1004010901 918
Plevroma (Πλεύρωμα, το) 1004010903 261
Community Rizo 10040110 1.012
Rizo (Ριζό, το) 1004011001 1.012
Community Sevastiana 10040111 1.392
Sevastiana (Σεβαστιανά, τα) 1004011101 1.392



Administration

The regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 Municipalities. These are:[2]

Almopia (2)
Edessa (1)
Pella (3)
Skydra (4)

Prefecture
Statue of Alexander the Great in Pella (Municipality).
Clocktower of Giannitsa.

The region covers an area of 2.505,8 Km2 the majority of which is covered by arable land, forests and pastures. The mountains that surround the county is Mount Vora (2,524 m), Mount Vermion (2,027 m), mount Paiko (1,458 m), Mount Jenna (2,182 m) and Mount Pinovo (2,154 m). The main plains of the prefecture is plain of Pozar in the north and the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part of the county. Natural features of the area include the mountains, lakes Vegoritida and Agra, and rivers Loudias and Edessian. The county has surface and groundwater resources. There are a number of archaeological sites in the area.

Administratively, the Pella divided into 4 Municipalities (Kallikratis). The population is according to the latest census of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (2011) to 139,680 inhabitants...[2]

New Municipality Old Municipalities Seat
Almopia Aridaia Aridaia
Exaplatanos
Edessa Edessa Edessa
Vegoritida
Pella Pella Giannitsa
Giannitsa
Krya Vrysi
Kyrros
Megas Alexandros
Skydra Skydra Skydra
Meniida


Provinces

Provinces of Pella Prefecture Seat (if different)
Province of Almopia Aridaia
Province of Edessa
Province of Giannitsa

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
Geography

The mountains lie to the north and the southwest, including the Vermio mountains, the Voras mountains to the northwest and the Paiko mountains to the northeast. The southernmost portion is flat and in the ancient times, it was a gulf connected with the Aegean Sea, the elevation does not exceed about 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) above sea level. Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, and by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the national border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia.
Tourism and sightseeing
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Pella archaeological site.
Pozar thermal baths
Kaimaktsalan ski resort.

Ancient Pella and Archaeological Museum of Pella: The capital of ancient Macedonia and birthplace of Alexander the Great and King Phillip II left a number of archaeological findings which are now housed in the Palace and the New Museum.
Loudias River: A river 7 km from Giannitsa has a canoe, kayak and rowing center[citation needed]
Waterfalls in the city of Edessa
Pozar thermal baths: The hot springs are located in a mountainous area (altitude 360–390 m) and occupy an area of 75 acres. Five spa gush along the warm river, which continues to flow in the basin of Almopia. Near the baths is the gorge of Baths, Folk - Paleontological Museum, Caves, The Black forest
Kaimaktsalan ski resort: Mount Kaimaktsalan or Vorras is the third largest in height mount in Greece (altitude 2524 mtr). There is a ski area with 16 ski slopes. At the foot of the mountain there is the village of Agios Athanasios.
Giannitsa Ottoman monuments: At the city of Giannitsa there are a lot of buildings from the Ottoman period like the Clock Tower, Mausoleum and baths of Gazi Evrenos, House of Emin Bey, The Baths and the mausoleum of Ahmet Bey, Mosque of Sheikh Ilachi, Mosque of Iskender Bey.

History

In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient greek Kingdom of Macedon. It later became part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following approximately 500 years of Ottoman rule, it rejoined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars.
Agriculture

The southern part of the regional unit has a number of orchards. Agriculture once represented its main industry, today, manufacturing, services and other businesses dominates about 70% of its industry.
Transport

GR-1 (old highway), SE
GR-2/E90, W, SW, Cen., E, SE
Edessa - Verroia road, S
Thessaloniki-Giannitsa-Edessa

See also

List of settlements in the Pella regional unit
Former toponyms of places in Pella Prefecture

References

Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3.
"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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