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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Arkadia

Agios Ioannis (Άγιος Ιωάννης) Arkadia

Agios Ioannis is a mountain village built at an altitude of 725 m, 18 km west of Astros Kynourias. Administratively it belongs to the Municipality of Voreia Kynouria and has 71 inhabitants.

History

Agios Georgios - Agiannis Arkadias

The church of Agios Georgios in the central square

Agios Ioannis of Arcadia was first mentioned in 1435 in the Chronicle of the Fall of George Sfrantzis and probably took its name from the church of Agios Ioannis the Forerunner, located at the bottom of the village. In 1638, the village was declared Stavropigiakos, that is, Patriarchal Exarchate, based in the church of Agios Vassilios. In 1765, a school was founded in the church of Agios Dimitrios, part of the Monastery of Loukous Arcadia. In 1798 in the village was built, by Dimitrios Karytsiotis (1741 - 1819), a school in which young people from Agios Ioannis and other villages attended. Another such school was built in 1805 in Astros as a branch of the school, which today is the Archaeological Museum. This school operated during the years 1798 - 1826 and gained great fame, as students from various parts of Greece gathered at the Karytsiotis School.

The contribution of Agios Ioannis in the revolution of 1821 was important, as he highlighted important personalities such as Panos Sarigiannis and Anagnostis Papazoglou, but also the inhabitants of Astros beach, brothers Zafeiropoulos (Ioannis Zafeiropoulos, Konstantinos Zarouropoulos), Zafeiropoulos and Panagiota who played a key role in the preparation and during the revolution. With the beginning of the revolution, more than 100 Agiannites were organized, most importantly the fallen Georgakis Digenis, who under the leadership of the Zafeiropoulos, joined the various military corps of Kynouria. Their participation in various battles was also important, such as that of Doliana, Vervena, Tripolitsa, etc.

In the summer of 1822, St. John became the capital of the Provisional Government of the Revolution, from 15 August to 1 October. In 1826 the village was completely destroyed by the hordes of Ibrahim Pasha, while other villages in the area had the same fate. Ibrahim Pasha also destroyed many churches, such as St. Basil's, St. Eustratios, St. Peter's and many others, [2] as well as the Karytsiotis School. In 1845, the village became the seat of the Kynouria District. From 1834 to 1912, it was the summer residence of the Municipality of Thyrea. From this village came Astros, which was called until 1961 Agiannitika Kalivia, but also some other settlements.

The village

Prodromos - Agiannis Arkadias

The church of Prodromos at the bottom of the village

Agios Ioannis is built amphitheatrically on the slopes of Mount Sarantapsychos. The village has many churches such as the post-Byzantine church of Agios Georgios in the square (15th century), Agia Paraskevi with the cemetery, the Byzantine church of Agios Ioannis Prodromos (15th century), Panagia, Profitis Ilias, Agios Dimitrios a little further out of the village and Agios Ioannis Theologos, a former monastery and also a chapel. There were also other churches, which were destroyed by Ibrahim Pasha. The signs of his raid are still visible, as inside Agios Georgios, the swords in the hagiographies by the Ottomans are still preserved, as well as fire signs.

The village has many traditional fountains, such as Soulinari, Perdikoneri, Pigadaki, Mousga, Prodromos etc. A little lower than the church of Prodromos, 5 watermills are preserved, which operated until recently and were ground with the water of Prodromos. A few kilometers outside the village is the Castle of Oria, built in 1256 by the Frankish ruler William II of Villehardouin, in order to subdue the Tsakones in the area. Very close to the village are the famous waterfalls of Lepida. The village has traditional buildings, guesthouses, taverns and is overgrown with plane trees. In summer and during the holidays, the village is very crowded and especially at the festivals of Agia Paraskevi, Profitis Ilias, on the 15th of August, Agios Panteleimon and Prodromos. Also, every year of Agios Georgios, there is a representation of an old custom and festival. In winter, the villagers go down to Astros, leaving the village with a few people.

Population history

Year Population
1920 96
2001 108
2011 71

See also

Lepida Gorge

References

Hellenic Statistical Authority - Population-Housing Census 2011

During the years of Ottoman rule, Agios Ioannis had 13 churches and 2 monasteries, which proved its numerous character.

Sources

I. Kouskouna, K. Hasapogianni, I. Kakavoulia - Thyreatis Gi, Athens 1981, Angeliki Memorial Foundation & Leonida Zafeiri
Nikolaou Flouda - Tyreatika, volume C: Agios Ioannis, metropolis of Thyreas settlements, Athens 1983

Municipal Community Astros
Agios Ioannis (Άγιος Ιωάννης, ο)
Agios Stefanos (Άγιος Στέφανος, ο)
Astros (Άστρος, το)
Varvogli (Βάρβογλη, η)
Ιερά Μονή Λουκούς, η
Chantakia (Χαντάκια, τα)

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