An optical black hole is a phenomenon in which slow light is passed through a Bose–Einstein condensate that is itself spinning faster than the local speed of light within to create a vortex capable of trapping the light behind an event horizon just as a gravitational black hole would.[1]

Unlike other black hole analogs such as a sonic black hole in a Bose–Einstein condensate, a slow light black hole analog is not expected to mimic the quantum effects of a black hole, and thus not emit Hawking radiation. It does, however, mimic the classical properties of a gravitational black hole, making it potentially useful in studying other properties of black holes.[2] More recently, some physicists have developed a fiber optic based system which they believe will emit Hawking radiation.[3]
See also

Sonic black hole
Analog models of gravity


Saswato, Das (2008). "Physicists Make Artificial Black Hole Using Optical Fiber". Aerospace. IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
Unruh, W.G.; Schützhold, R. (2003). "On Slow Light as a Black Hole Analogue". Physical Review D. 68 (2): 024008. arXiv:gr-qc/0303028. Bibcode:2003PhRvD..68b4008U. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.68.024008. S2CID 54222908.

Philbin, Thomas G.; Kuklewicz, Chris; Robertson, Scott; Hill, Stephen; König, Friedrich; Leonhardt, Ulf (2008). "Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon". Science. 319 (5868): 1367–1370. arXiv:0711.4796. Bibcode:2008Sci...319.1367P. doi:10.1126/science.1153625. PMID 18323448. S2CID 206510683.


Black holes

Schwarzschild Rotating Charged Virtual Kugelblitz Primordial Planck particle


Extremal Electron Stellar
Microquasar Intermediate-mass Supermassive
Active galactic nucleus Quasar Blazar


Stellar evolution Gravitational collapse Neutron star
Related links Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff limit White dwarf
Related links Supernova
Related links Hypernova Gamma-ray burst Binary black hole


Gravitational singularity
Ring singularity Theorems Event horizon Photon sphere Innermost stable circular orbit Ergosphere
Penrose process Blandford–Znajek process Accretion disk Hawking radiation Gravitational lens Bondi accretion M–sigma relation Quasi-periodic oscillation Thermodynamics
Immirzi parameter Schwarzschild radius Spaghettification


Black hole complementarity Information paradox Cosmic censorship ER=EPR Final parsec problem Firewall (physics) Holographic principle No-hair theorem


Schwarzschild (Derivation) Kerr Reissner–Nordström Kerr–Newman Hayward


Nonsingular black hole models Black star Dark star Dark-energy star Gravastar Magnetospheric eternally collapsing object Planck star Q star Fuzzball


Optical black hole Sonic black hole


Black holes Most massive Nearest Quasars Microquasars


Black Hole Initiative Black hole starship Compact star Exotic star
Quark star Preon star Gamma-ray burst progenitors Gravity well Hypercompact stellar system Membrane paradigm Naked singularity Quasi-star Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Timeline of black hole physics White hole Wormhole

Physics Encyclopedia



Hellenica World - Scientific Library

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License