Administrative Region : Crete
Regional unit : Rethymno

Kalonyktis (Καλονύκτης ) Rethymno

Kalonyktis (until 1940 Kalonychti) [1] or Kal (l) onychtis or Kallonychtis or Kalonykti (general Kalonykti or Kalonyktou) is a village in the former province of Rethymno (Rethymno) and especially in its western part, more commonly known as West Rethymnon. It is located 15 km southwest of Rethymno, with access from Rethymno via the old national road Rethymno - Chania (E090) [2], with a left branch in Agiasmatsi (Agia Kyriaki), at 13.4 km and through the provincial road 6 Kalonychti- Saitoures (Agiasmatsiou - Kalonakti - Palelimnou - Saitouron) [3]. It is 15 km from Rethymno. [4] It is built [5] on Nikiforos hill (altitude 273 meters). The main products of the area are oil, raki, wine, avocado, locusts [6] and livestock. It has an area of ​​2.9 square kilometers.

About the name of the village

According to tradition, the coma, but indirectly the former Municipality of Nikiforos Fokas and now the Municipal Unit of Nikiforos Fokas, owe their name to the following incident: when Nikiforos Fokas campaigned in Crete in March 961 AD, in order to to liberate it from the Arab Saracens, he encamped one night on the above hill, which he had previously liberated together with the adjacent hill "Dambies", after a battle. When dawn broke, someone asked him, "How did you spend your night?" He replied, "Good night!" Thus, the village was named "Kalonyktis" and the hill and the location, where the Byzantine general and later emperor encamped, was named "Nikiforos". Nikiforos Fokas is considered the founder of the village and there is a road in the village in his honor. However, there is also the opinion that the village pre-existed and was called Leventochori.

Spatial planning data
carte moderne d'une partie de la Crète avec un itinéraire indiqué en rouge
French road map of Mustafa Pasha from Apokoronas to Arkadi in 1866, depicting the pre-1925 before the old national road Chania-Rethymno engraving through Rusticas and Kalonyktis

Administrative Inclusion until September 1925: The first reference to the village is made in the Venetian period. In 1651 it belonged to Livas of Rethymno and Nahiyye of Rethymno as a shareholder. [7] In 1879 he joined the municipality of Roustikon, in 1901 the enlarged municipality of Atsipopoulou [8] and in 1903 he returned to the reconstituted municipality of Roustikon. In 1911 it was included in the rural municipality of Palelimnos [9] and on 19/12/1920 in its census in the rural municipality of Palelimnos, the Metochi Monastery of Profitos Ilios [10] with 3 monks and Mylos with 6 inhabitants have joined. With the Official Gazette 27A of January 31, 1925, it was annexed to the community of Rustika together with the Metochion of the Monastery of the Prophet of the Sun and the Mill.
Community history: With the Government Gazette 260A of September 21, 1925 [11], it was detached from the community of Rusticon and became the seat of the community, to which the villages of Palailimnos and Saitoures were annexed. [12] With the Government Gazette 296A / 30-11-1927, the Saitoures (autonomous) and with the Government Gazette 170A - 19/08/1928 Palailaimnos (returns to the jurisdiction of the Rusticians), are successively detached from the community. With the Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997 the community of Kalonyktos of the province of Rethymno was abolished and joined the Kapodistrian Municipality of Nikiforos Fokas [13] (code of the Kapodistrian organization OPS 40141008) [14] as a municipal district / 06/2010 in the Municipality of Rethymno (code of the Kallikratikos body OPS 40141145) [14], as a municipal district and local community of Kalonyktos [16] of the municipal unit of Nikiforos Fokas. It could be the historical seat of the former municipality of Nikiforos Fokas, given that the name of the municipality comes from the presence of the Byzantine general in the village in 961 AD. It is one of the nine villages of Kampanos along with the villages of Agios Andreas (and a village of Kampos such as Gonia and Franzeskiana Metochia [17]), Palaimilnos, Saitoures, Moundros, Roustika and Agios Konstantinos. It borders the municipal districts: from the north with Kato Valsamonero and Gonia (Agiasmatsi area), from the east with Ano Valsamonero, from the south with Mallakia, Saitoures and from the west with Roustika (Palailimnos settlement).
Community leaders: 12/2/1903: Giolountas Andreas [18], Giolountas Georgios, 7-2-1918: Galerakis Stelianos, 24-2-1918: Gasparakis Giannis, 1934-1941: Galeros And.K. Vassilios [19], 1941-1944: Pachoulos Markos, 1944-1951: 2. Galeros And.K. Vassilios (14 years old), 15/4 / 1951-1954: Stavroulakis Emm. Eleftherios, 21/11 / 1954-1959: Tzagarakis Emmanouil [20], 1959-1964: Patrakis Dimitrios, 16/2 / 1964-1978: Galerou- Iliaki Maria, 1978-1982 (5 presidential, 3-2): Patrakis Emmanuel, [21] [22] 1982 (7 presidential, 5-2, until the 1994 elections) -1983: 1. Galerou-Iliaki Maria (15 years record ), 1983-1986: Kallitsounakis Ioannis Manousos, 1986: Galerakis Ioannis, 1986-1990: Kallitsounakis Ioannis Manousos, 1990-1998: Patrakis Stylianos (record of 155 votes and 86.59%), 1998-2010: 3. Kallitsounakis G.M. Michael (12 years), 2010-: 4. Galeros Mich. Emmanuel (9 years, in progress)
Candidate Common Leaders: 1978: Psathas Antonios, 1982: Galeros I. Stylianos, 1986: Psathas Antonios, 1990-1994: Stavroulakis M. Efstratios, 2010: Mathioudaki Geo. Magdalene, 2014: Kallitsounakis Man. Michael, Mathioudakis Nikolaos [23], Stavroulakis Mark. Joseph, 2019: Kallitsounakis G.A. George, Stavroulaki Alexandra
Candidates for the Electoral District of Nikiforos Fokas: 2014: Galeros Styl. Dimitrios, Kallitsounakis G.A. George, 2019: Panagiotakis Geo. Zechariah
Candidate of the Municipal Community of Rethymno: Tsialios Konstantinos cons. Stavroulaki Ios. Maria
Postal Inclusion: Postal code 740 55 and belongs to the post office of the Diocese of Rethymno. [24] In the past, Kalonyktis belonged to the post office of Roustikon.
Electoral Integration: In 1907, in the 1st constituency of the Municipality of Roustikon, located in the primary school of Roustikon, voters from the villages of Kalonykti, Roustika, Agios Konstantinos, Zouridi, Agios Georgios and Palailimnos vote [25]
Agronomic Integration: In January 1912 it became part of the Rustic Agronomy. [26]
Police Inclusion: In 1901 he joined the Rustic Gendarmerie [27]
Judicial Inclusion: In 1899 he joined the Rustic Magistrate's Court and the Rethymnon Court of First Instance. [28] At that time, the distance from Rustika was 45 minutes and from Rethymno 2 hours and 45 minutes.

Village families

In modern times, families came from various regions and times, the Agades from Tripoli, the Galeri from Rubado after 1850, the Gasparides from Mallaki after 1871, the Georgaledes after 1890, the Giolountides from Skaloti from 1880, the Gyparides by Asi Gonia, the Dionysatians from Cephalonia, the Drandakides from Zouridi after 1900, the Iliakides from Saitoures after 1944, the Kallitsounakides from Roubado after 1870, the Kapetanakides before 1910, the Kounalides from Lorchides, 186i, the Kounenidis the Kyrimakides after 1937, the Mathioudakides from Mallaki in 1866, the Moniakides from Agios Ioannis Kammenos, the Baziotides from Aigio, the Myrodides in 1668, the Papadogiannides from Mourne, the Patrakides or Vourvachides from 186 Papamentou, the , the Pahouloi from Atsipopoulo in 1895, the Pachydes, the Solidides in 1668, the Souchlides from Roubado in 1895, the Sfakians in 1782, the Staogiannides, the Stavroulakides from Koufi in 1883 and from Alones 1920, the Tzagarides from Roubado after 1869, the Fovides in 1866, the Halikides (Iliakides) after 1866 and the Psathades from Koumous
Notarial Acts - Auctions

7-1-1881: Sale of property at the Monastery of Roustikon
28-5-1915: Sale in Kali Gypari Chira Ios. Patraki
25-2-1919: Sale by Good Widow Ios. Patraki in Evangelia Chir. Georg. Galerou
1910: Mylos Polakis

Monuments - Infrastructure

Mill: Venetian building maintained without functioning
Primary school: it operated from 1925 to 2011, when it became the seat of the cultural association and from the parliamentary elections on 19-2-1956 it also functions as an electoral center (152nd). From 1842 to 1925, the students of Kalonychtia attended the primary school of Roustikon.

The registered voters of the polling station are 257 in June 2019 [29]

One-seater kindergarten: from 2005 to 2015
Patrosifis Tower or Syggelos Tower or Tower in Kato Malaki, today belongs to Kato Malaki and dates back to the period of Venetian rule [30] [31] [32] The List of Castles in the Prefecture of Rethymno contains it. [33] The Tower of Syggelos is a Venetian building, which was completed by the Turks and was sold by the family of Patrakis Joseph in 1900 to Papadonikolakis Manolis (Syggelos) who came from Asi Gonia, but had emigrated to America. He settled there, even having twelve children. [34]
Koules Agiasmatsiou. Fortress - an observatory built during the 1866 revolution by the Turks to control the rebels. [35]
Water tank: It was planned by co-mayor Maria Iliaki in March 1969. [36] [37]
Sources in Agiasmatsi. [38]
Kalonykti streets and squares [39]
Bridge over the Kaloukhti Rostikon torrent: 1904 [40]
Agiasmatatsiou-Kalonykti Street [41]
Kalonykti Bridge [42]


Influenza 1918: Souchlaki Maria of Georgiou is the victim
Ambush in Agiasmatsi: 1923 [43] [44]
Medical care: 1941 [45]
Distribution of post-war humanitarian aid: 1946 [46]
Droulisk abduction: 1950 [47] [48]
Support for Klimatere: 1884 [49]


Kalonyktis is a parish of the Second Hierarchical Region of the Holy Metropolis of Rethymno and Avlopotamos, of the Church of Crete, to which Palailiimnos of Rethymno also belongs.

The parish, patron saint, single-aisled and old preserved church of the Genesis (Birthday) of the Virgin Mary, located in the center of the village and celebrating on September 8, is also considered a Venetian period. For her sake, there is a festival. [50] Tradition has it that during the Ottoman period, the Turks came in to destroy it. They took a heavy [51] and hit the Holy Table. The mark of the beating still exists today. The blow, however, sparked sparks, while a large bee appeared in the bell tower. The Turks were frightened and left without disturbing the church.

Chapels are the old church, of catholic rhythm, of Michael the Archangel (Taxiarches), in the location "Monastiriko Metochi", which belongs to the monastery of Profitis Ilias Roustikon [52] and Agios Nektarios (private). Chapels are Agios Antonios, built in the ruins of an old church in 1965, and Agios Nikolaos, also rebuilt. Churches belonging to the parish are Agios Andreas o Kris, Agia Paraskevi and Agios Pneumas (vow of Antonia Panagiotaki).

The parish of Kalonykti includes the churches of the settlement of Palelimnos: Agios Georgios (patron saint, two-legged with second leg Porphyrios Kausokalyvitis December 2), Agios Georgios (Drunkard, November 3), Agia Paraskevi and the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, while sleeping Elias Roustikon is Agios Panteleimon.

On November 5, 1932, a parish committee of Kalonyktis is mentioned, with which we assisted the earthquake victims of Halkidiki with 50 drachmas. [53]

Since October 14, 2018, a catechism school has been operating from the Holy Parish Church of Genesis of the Theotokos Kalonyktios, under the tutelage of the teacher Filio Mitsopoulou - Stavroulaki. [54]
National Games
A. Cretan Revolutions

National Uprising 1821: On June 17, 1821, a victorious battle is fought between the Deligiannakis and Manouselis against the Turks in Zouridi, Roustika, Agios Konstantinos, Kalonyktis and Kato Valsamonero, known as the Battle of the Rusticians. In a song recorded by Fafoutakis, there is disgust: "and they are waging the first war on Kalinychti (Kalonychti), in the lower Valsamonero in the Lagos fountain".
Revolution 1866-69: In the Cretan Revolutions from 1866 to 1897, 21 Kalonychtians were killed [55], who were Galeroi [56], Iliakides, Kounenidides, Mathioudakides, Patsoumades and Fovakides. [57]

During these struggles, the leader Halikis or Iliakis Georgios was distinguished and on December 9, 1868, the battle of Kalonyktis took place between Cretans under Aristides Bogiatzoglou and the Turks, in which the Ottomans won. In fact, they received relevant assistance from the Cretan State, as war wounded. [58]

Battle of Agiasmatsi 1878: victorious against the Turks in which the priest Vassilios Papadakis from Agios Konstantinos also participated
Massacre of Staogiannis Mylos 1890: During 1890 in Kalonyktis lived the flour mill Lambrinos Gasparis, who, at the age of 18, stole, with her will, the fellow villager of Antile [59] (Adile), the beautiful daughter of Sergeant Chorofylakis Turkametaki, made her a Christian named Irini and they left for Likotinara Apokoronou. In retaliation, Tourkametis and his gang slaughtered three Christians, among them Kalonychtianos Manolis Iliakis, who was also a miller, in Staogiannis the watermill. A trial was held for this case, while the minor orphaned children of Ioannis (who participated in 1912 in the body of Stylianos Galeros), Chrysi and Lambrinos, applied for assistance from the Cretan State. [60]
Lucky Revolution: On June 28, 1896, a victorious battle against the Turks at the fortified position of Nikiforos, where Captain Vassilis Iliomarkos from Rustika had set up his headquarters.

Yulountakis Georgios and Patrakis Ioannis emerged as Kalounaktis guards. [61]

Revolution of 1897: Charalambos Galeros participated in Akrotiri, according to whose testimony, Patrakis Giannis was the one who raised the flag as a pole, when it was bombed by the Great Powers. [62]

In March 1897, George Galeros is one of the distinguished [63] of the Municipality of Rustika who signed for the Union of Crete with Greece. [64] In the last Cretan Revolutions, Galeros Theodosios was distinguished, [65] who was born in 1873. [66]

Movement of Therissos 1905: brothers Stylianos and Joseph Galeros of Andreos participated.

B. Balkan Wars

Northern Epirus: the chief Galeros Stylianos of Andreas with a body of 44 men, among them the Kalonychtians Pantelis Galeros and Giannis Iliakis, contributed to the liberation of Heimarra and the province of Heimarra.
Southern Epirus: acted with the bodies of 9 men, the chief Ioannis Patrakis or Patros or Vourvachis or Patrogiannis with the volunteer corps of Cretans Mandaka and Elias Economopoulos with contribution to battles as in the Five Wells [67]. The Macedonian fighter Stavroulakis Stavroulis was also identified in Bizani.
Macedonia: Participated in the Balkan Wars with the 1st Independent Cretan Battalion of 1124 men under the grandson of Kolokotronis, Major Georgios Kolokotronis, as a shooter Sifis Galentranis, Galenrafinis Karasinaki of Andreas Sereas, taking part in the battles the first battalion that had the honor and fortune to enter Thessaloniki on October 26, 1912) [68] [69], Halkidiki [70], Lachana [71] where on the 3rd day of the battle (21/6/1913) Galeros or Galerakis [72] George of Ioannis [73] [74], Doirani, Demir Isar, Beles, Meleniko, Pilaf Tepe [75] and in the battle of Ano Tzoumagia (July 14, 1913, while the armistice of war with the Bulgarians had preceded) where the soldier of the 4th Division and 8th Infantry Regiment, Grigoris Galeros or Galerakis [76] of Ioannis [77] [78] [79]) was killed. By the end of both wars, only 50 men from the battalion were left.
Chios: Efstratios Stavroulakis [80] of Joseph was distinguished in the battle of Lithium Chios on 28/11/1912. In this battle, the leader of his body, George Perros, was killed, as a result of which he was offered the command of the corps. He rejected the proposal, saying that for cohesive reasons, the cousin of the late leader Manousos Perros should take over, as he did. With this body they contributed to the liberation of the island of Chios and in battles that followed until December 20, 1912.

Total Kalonyktis participants in BP: 9
C. Other Wars

World War I: Brothers and soldiers Galeros or Galerakis Georgios were killed as a result of injuries, of the 44th Infantry Regiment [81] [82] (Battle of Ravine [83], 28/3/1917 [84] or 27/7/1917 [85 ] or 20/8/1917) and Michael (1/1/1918 Nomos Argolidos or in Asia Minor) of Theodosius and the Iliakides George of Manolis, soldier (2/10/1917, attempted torpedoing of the steamship "Peloponnese" [86] [ 87]) and Lieutenant Commander Manolis of Michael in September 1916. Stylianos A. Galeros and Kostis Giolountas [88] participated in the movement and in the army of National Defense of Eleftherios Venizelos.

The Venizelist Democratic Movement of Chania of November 21, 1921 [89] [90] against the Government that emerged from the elections of November 1, 1920: in a battle against invaders [91] government Marines of the Naval Battalion [92] in Kalonyktis, Ioannikios Gryntakis, the monk of the Monastic Share, was killed.

Asia Minor Campaign: Euprepios Galeros, Polychronis Iliakis, Andreas Mathioudakis and the Lefteris and Kostis Stavroulakis brothers were killed. [93]

Greek-Italian war of 1940: the soldiers Gasparakis Andreas of Lambrinos, Kallitsounakis Georgios cons. Maria, Mathioudakis Evangelos, Tzagarakis Manolis, Psathas Manolis and Lieutenant Iliakis Evangelos, all with the 44th Regiment of the Fifth Cretan Division [94] under the command of S.Teiakos and with Major Aristides Rogiotakis.

Occupation: during the German invasion of Athens: Petros Gioulountas was assassinated, while Georgios Galeros of Ioannou [95] and Lieutenant Evangelos Iliakis of Emirondos [96 Anmanuel] were distinguished as leaders of the village during the National Resistance against the German occupation. Julia Yag also developed an informative activity in Zouridi. Galerou. [97]

Post-Varkisani Period: Ioannis Galeros of Stylianos was killed in Athens by OPLA and Ioannis Gasparakis of Emmanuel were killed in Kissamos by Hittites of Kamilida [98].

Civil War 1946-49: The soldier of the National Army, Aetos Stavroulakis, son of Ioannis (Koutalas), was killed in a battle in Agios Georgios Makrakomi. [99] [100]

The gendarmes Stavroulakis Georgios tou Efstratiou were awarded medals for his heroism in the battle of Potamia Eleochori-Andritsis Argos on June 11, 1948 [101] [102] [102] [103], Souchdlakis 10 Evrepakis Anaprepios of Gman and Emmanuel.

Lieutenant Iliakis Evangelos of Emmanouil, the soldiers Galeroi Spyros of Themistoklis, Giorgis tou Giagkou, Iliakides Vangelis of Giannis (Bougioukalou), Manolis of Aristinefylakis Staphykis Ioannis and Souchlakis Georgis participated with the Army. Also despite the side of Anastasios Hobbitis' cousin, the head of MAY Pantelis Galeros [105] with the hoplites of Souchlakis Georgios, Georgios Iliakis of Aristides and Emmanuel Tzagarakis.
Meaningful Kalonyktis

Myrto Alikaki: actress, daughter of Galerou Victoria of Charalambos, director of "Telerama" magazine
Bakerlis Giorgos, son of Galero Kalliopi of Vassilios: director of the American College of Athens
Balsamos Spyros: Oracle executive, son of Psatha Ioanna
Galeros Georg. Alexios: U.S. Firefighter Firefighter [106]
Galeros Andreas: color seller of Rethymno
Galeros Vas. Andreas: councilor: regional of Crete, prefectural and provincial of Rethymno
Galeros Char. Vangelis: photographer of Fotos Rethymno [107]
Galeros Andr. Vassilios: president of the community of Kalonykti [108] [109]
Galeros And. Vassilios (younger): municipal councilor (province) of Rethymno (from the municipal unit of Nikiforos Fokas) [110] and insurer
Galeros Andr. George: gynecologist-obstetrician
Galeros Emm. Georgios: resident of Chicago, donor of the Pan-Cretan Union of America [111]
Galeros Ioannis Georgios: assistant of the refugees from Asia Minor of 1922 [112] [113] [114], member / advisor to the Board of Reserve hoplites of the prefecture of Rethymno [115] [116] [117], team leader of Kalonaktis 118] [119] [120] [121] [122] [123] [124] and Member of the Board of the Pan-Cretan Federation of the Disabled and War Victims [125]
Galeros A. Ioannis (Giagos): special paredros Kalonyktis in 1900 [126]
Galeros Grig. Ch. Marios: Professor of Biology at the College of Psychiatry
Galeros Const. Themistocles: European Union executive in Brussels
Galeros Spyr. Ioannis: Veteran of the 2nd US Army
Galeros Andr. Joseph: executive of ND Rethymno [127]
Galeros Vas. Sifis: lute player with records "The complaint is heavy", "One night in Agrimia", "Cretan Feast", "One night in Rethymno" [128] and "Love blooms"
Galeros Pant. Spyros: Dancer & High School dancer of Greek women, appeared in the movie "The Fairy and the Boy"
Galeros Ioann. Stamatis: coffee-restaurant (Galero) Platanos Rethymno, where the first internet cafe in 1995 in Rethymno [129] [130] [131]
Galeros Andr. Stavros: international instrumental gymnastics judge, Olympic 2020 torchbearer [132]
Galeros Andr. Stylianos: chief-liberator of the province of Heimara in 1912, second lieutenant, mayor of Rethymnon and a member of the Rethymnon Liberals
Galeros Andr. Takis: tennis teacher
Galeros Charalambos: confectioner of Platanos, Rethymno [133] [134] [135]
Galeros Charalambos: color seller
Galerou Ios. Anna: councilor of the municipal unit of Rethymno
Galerou Georg. Aspasia husband Arist. Paradisanou: member of the Association of Ladies of the City of Rethymno [136]
Galerou- I. Pournara Irini: encyclopedia publisher Papyros, History of Illustrated, News, Telerama and benefactor [137]
Galerou Vas. Eleni: benefactor of the Cretan Center of Athens
Galerou Emm. Eleftheria: teacher
Galerou Georg. Ioulia: lawyer of Chania
Galerou-Iliaki Maria: president of the community [138]
Galerou-Traga Maria (Marianthi) [139]: benefactor
Galerou Char. Roussa (1933-2020): athlete, gymnast [140] and choreographer [141]
Galerou Vas. Fani: painter
Gasparis Emm. Elias: baker of the old town of Rethymno [142]
Youlountas Georg. Ioannis: Lt. General [143], [144] and Commander of AT. Poros [145]
Gypari Kon. Hope: ophthalmologist
Gypari Kon. Chrysoula: biopathologist
Iliakis Mich. Bernard: ophthalmologist
Iliakis (Chalikis) George: Chief of Cretan Revolutions
Iliakis Emmanouil (Halikomanolis): grandfather of journalist Iliakis Georgiou [146]
Iliakis Georgios tou Polychroniou: printer and journalist of the newspaper Mesogeios Heraklion Crete [147]
Mathioudakis Georgios (Dogas): owner of Dogas tavern in Koube
Moniaki Emm. Margarita: Athens lawyer
Pagonis Efstr. George: lawyer of Rethymno, son of Eva Evagg. Iliaki
Papadogiannis Andreas: Founder of the cultural association of Kalonychtians of Attica "Panagia Kalonychtiani"
Papakonstantinou Konstantinos, son of Stavroulaki Elvira: medical doctor of Metsovo
Patrakis Emm. Andreas: painter
Patrakis Emm. Dimitrios: chief of staff, governor of West Attica
Patrakis or Vourvachis [148] or Patros M. Ioannis: customs officer of Rethymno, landowner [149] and chief of Epirus [150]
Patrakis Stylianos: municipal councilor Nikiforos Fokas
Stavroulaki-Papakonstantinou Elvira: humanist - hospital nurse Evangelismos
Stavroulaki Evagg. Fani: director of the Archaeological Museum of Karystos
Stavroulaki-Spiniadaki Fotini: midwife of Rethymnon Hospital
Stavroulakis Ioann. Emmanuel: Infantry Brigadier General
Stavroulakis Efstr. Evangelos: Areopagitis in honor [151] [152]
Stavroulakis Evagg. Efstratios: Trade unionist [153]
Stavroulakis Ios. Efstratios: Snowman volunteer of the Balkan Wars
Stavroulakis Efstr. Joseph: Estirator "Knossos" in the Venetian port of Rethymno [154]
Tzagaraki Style. Despina: President of the Association of Cretans of Glyfada [155] [156]
Nikiforos Fokas: first settler of the village in 961 AD as a Byzantine army


There is a cultural association that was founded in Athens in 1988, under the name "Panagia Kalonychtiani" and a cultural association of the villagers with the name "Nikiforos" which was founded in Kalonykti in 2014.

Football: There is the APS football team. Kalonykti was founded in 1993 and has competed twice, in 1997-1998 and in 2008-2009 (when it won 14th place and was relegated), in the first division of the EPSR and now in the 2nd EPSR, where it was once champion in 1997. He also participated in the semifinals of the EPSR cup in 1997-1998. He plays in a privately owned stadium called "Stavros Stavroulakis". In 2013, the team suspended its operation. [158] Athletes of the team were Emm.El. Stavroulakis ("fisherman"), G. Patrakis ("airy"). The brothers Emmanouil and Nikolaos Souchlakis of Euprepios played in Apollon Agios Ioannis Chania of the 1st EPSX.

Athletics: Since 2014, the road race "Nikiforios Dromos" has been held annually, every April, in honor of Nikiforos Fokas.

Distinguished athletes are Stavroulakis El. Aetos, athlete of Panathinaikos and Atromitos Rethymno, champion of Crete in shot put, discus and Cretan volleyball in Vardinogiannia, Melidonian Games [159] and Arkadia [160] and track and field athletes Galerou Roussa and Iliakis Evagg. Emmanuel.

Every Thursday there is a bus that starts from Myriokefala at 7.00 and through Mountrou, Saitouron and Palelimnou comes to Kalonykti and continues to Rethymno with return from Rethymno at 14.45. [161] Every Tuesday and Thursday throughout the year and every day on school days there are two itineraries with the intercity KTEL Rethymnon from Rethymno to Immortal [162] [163] [164], Kalonykti and Mallaki, at 6.15 and 14.45 and return 7 and 15.30 from Mallaki to Kalonykti, Athanto and Rethymno. In the past, there was a route of the KTEL from the Old National of Rethymno - Chania with parking in Agiasmatsi, while there is also the approach of the urban KTEL in Athanatos.
Census Data

In 1577 it is referred to as Calinicte, in 1630 as Calonicti, in 1659 as Kalonikti and in 1832 as Kalonykti. [165] In the Egyptian census of 1834, republished by Robert Pashley, [166] it is mentioned as a village in Rethymno with 6 Christian and 5 Muslim families [167] and in 1881 it is referred to as Kalonykti. The table below shows the population evolution over time. In 1900, Turks also appeared in the village, which then belonged to the 5th District of the Municipality of Rustiki, Rethymno Province. [168]
Census Population
1581 71 [169]
1583 82
1881 121 [170]
1899 144 [171] [172]
1920 152 [173]
1928 160 [174]
1940 204 (+44 inhabitants) [175]
1951 177 [176]
1961 173 [177]
1971 152 [178]
1981 144 [179]
1991 181 (+37 inhabitants) [180]
2001 201 [181]
2011 222 (record) [182]
External links

Population census 2011
Driver: Cycling routes 1 and 6 via Kalonychti (in pdf format and printed form) Prefectural tourist promotion committee, retrieved 7-4-2012
E4 path through Kalonychti
Easter Trips to Crete Book 1: p.99: route description from Roustika to Kalonychti-Prine
Residence of a village in the years of the Ottomans, Digital Crete
Cretan Home year 1963, issue 131, page 429
KTEL itineraries from Rethymno
ERT Archive: Rethymno (at 10.00 minutes of the show, reference to Galerou cafe)


Games and Sacrifices of the Royal Gendarmerie


Personal file of Efstratios Evagg. Stavroulaki, historian P.E.
Oral testimonies Emmanuel Ioan. Stavroulaki, Stylianou Patraki, Georgiou Emm. Galerou
Information from author Georgios Stavroulakis from Arolithi, Rethymno
References to the Press: Forward: 7/11/1922 p.4 (Galeroi)
Panagiotaki E. Aristidis: The Rustics
Rethymno News Newspaper 18/9/2014: Kalonyktis Rethymnon
Search for the Fallen - Army General Staff
The dead of our national struggles: The official list of the names of those killed during the national struggle from the independence of Greece until 1922, Date of publication: 1932, Digital Library of Modern Greek Studies Anemi
Report by Gr. Galerakis in the list of the dead - newspaper Empros 11/8/1913, Page: 4
Report by Grigoriou Galerakis in the list of the dead newspaper Skrip 11/8/1913
Date of the most important revolutionary battles 1821-1830 in Crete by Dimitrios Nikolakakis
pts & height = 515.52 pts & maxpage = 69 Fafoutakis Pavlos, Collection of Heroic Cretan songs, "Athinais" Printing House, Athens 1889, p. 71
Lefteris Kriovrysanakis: Rethymno Stadium 20th century: page 24: The administrative division of the prefecture of Rethymno
Panagiotou K. Kriari History of Crete from ancient times to the end of the revolution of 1866 page 751 Library of the Hellenic Parliament [dead link]
Kingdom of Greece, Ministry of National Economy, Directorate of Statistics, Census of the inhabitants of the new provinces of Greece of the year 1913
Kingdom of Greece, National Statistical Service of Greece, Population of Greece during the census of April 7, 1951, In Athens, 1955
Kingdom of Greece, National Statistical Service of Greece, Results of the population census - residents of March 19, 1961, volume I, Population by geographical and administrative subdivisions, Athens 1964
Hellenic Republic, National Statistical Service of Greece, Population and Housing Census Results of March 14, 1971, volume I
Hellenic Republic, National Statistical Service of Greece, Population and Housing Census Results of April 5, 1981, volume I
Itinerary for the nine villages of Kampanos Newspaper Rethemniotika News 21/05/2015
Kalomenopoulos Cretan Topography and Travel 1894 pp.210-213 & 219-222 Electronic Library Anemi University of Crete
Provincial Road Network P.E. Rethymno Website of the Region of Crete
Lefteris Kon. Kriovrysanaki: Rethymno Pandektis, entries Kalonyktis Rethymno, Palailimnos Rethymno
Announcement Calendar 2015 of the Holy Metropolis of Rethymno and Aelopotamos Website of the Holy Metropolis of Rethymno and Aelopotamos
Temples of the Holy Metropolis of Rethymno and Aelopotamos Website of the Holy Metropolis of Rethymno and Aelopotamos
Andreas Nenedakis: The Reserve Father, pp.131-132
100 years since the Declaration of the Balkan Wars: "The Free Myrrh and the Contribution of the Cretan Fighters" website of the Holy Metropolis of Chios and Oinousses
Crete Biographies Volume III Economou Publications
15 kindergartens in Rethymno are closing
Mc Master University Library: Digital Archive: Map of Chania-Rethymno Prefectures of B'PP with reference to Kalonychti
Vikelaia Digital Newspaper Library Search Kalonykti

Weather forecast

Kalonyktis weather


Kaloniktis team on Facebook since 2008
Parish of Kalonykti-Palelymnos


Abbreviated Geographical Dictionary of Greece, Michael Stamatelatos, Fotini Vamba-Stamatelatou and Hermes Publishing Ltd., Special Edition for the newspaper "To Vima", Volume 2, Athens 2006
The section from Rethymnon to Georgioupolis was built in 1922
Government Gazette A 47/1956, p.778
Business Program of the Municipality of Rethymno 2012-2014
Map of settlements of the prefecture of Rethymno
Kalonyktis Rethymno a picturesque village Anorthosis 16/10/1940 p.3
"The Ottoman Land Registry of Rethymnon" (PDF). It was archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2019. Retrieved on February 20, 2019.
Democracy 2/6/1923 p.2 National Wealth Issue
Publication of Government Gazette A 260/1925
Dictionary of Administrative Changes of Municipalities and Communities (1912-2011)
Headquarters is Athanatos Gonias, with Ag. Kon / no, A. and K. Valsamonero, Atsipopoulo, Gerani, Gonia, Zouridi, Mallakia, Mountros, Prine, Roustika, Saitoures and F. Metochia
Codified NSRF Data 2007-2013
Map of Kapodistrian Prefecture of Rethymno
Good night
Markos Vagionakis, Agricultural technologist, "The place names of 'Kampos'. [Gonia, Agios Andreas, Frantziskiana Metochia]
18/8/1891 accused of animal theft
Cretan Review 9/8/1939 p.2
Cretan Inspection 12/2/1955 The elected young community leaders
Panagia Kalonykti Festival
Combination "New Perception for Rethymnon" by George Marinakis
Finding Code

78&electionPrefecture=25&electionDimos=29&electionDenotita=145&electionKoinotita=738&electionPS==18666 ΕΥΡΟΥΟΛΟΚΟΤΓΟΓΩΝ 15 ΚΟΥΛΕΣ 2019 Presentation
Venetian Mansion "Tower of Syggelo" in Kato Malaki
"We are announcing the building complex of the Venetian Rural Village, known as the" Tower of Singelo "in Kato Mallaki, Rethymnon province as a historic monument. This is an important example of Venetian architecture of the late Venetian occupation (17th century) and specifically of a rural feudal mansion. It consists of a three-storey tower with a rectangular floor plan and a two-storey building, on the ground floor of which an old type olive mill is preserved. In its immediate vicinity, there is a carved press of the same period. " ΥΑ ΥΠΠΟ / ΑΡΧ / Β1 / Φ38 / ΚΗΡ / 32617/905 / 17-7-1997 - ΦΕΚ 711 / Β / 19-8-1997
Video recording Patrosifi Tower - Rethymnon Kalonyktis
Syggelou Tower or Patrosifi Tower or Syggelo Tower
Kato Malaki Rethymno
Arkadi Newspaper of Rethymno Prefecture March 1969 p.4
Arkadi Newspaper of Rethymno Prefecture 1970
Arkadi Newspaper of Rethymno Prefecture
Arkadi Newspaper of Rethymno Prefecture
Continuation of Agiasmatsi-Kalonychti road
Cretan Inspection 1/3/1940
Step 26/1/1923
Democracy 28/1/1923
Cretan Review 16/4/1941
distribution only
From the Law of Chania
An "educated" abduction
Arkadion newspaper
Cretan Review September 6, 1964 p.4
heavy in the Cretan dialect
Fotini Kougleri The share of Michael Archangelos in Finikia p. 376-377
The Press 5 November 1932 Digital Library of the Hellenic Parliament p.371
Parish of Kalonyktio - Palelimnou
in a total of 1156 fighters
The dead of our National Games p.11
Vocalist of our National Games Voice of the People of Athens 1932
Halikis Georgios Kallonychtis First Category of Cretan Revolutionary Injuries CONCLUSION OF THE NEWSPAPER OF GOVERNMENT IN CRETE 21/3/1909 p.39
Oral testimony of Patrakis Stylianos
The archive of the Priest Vassilios Papadakis or Papavassiliou p. 162
Paris Kelaidi: Encyclopedia of Sfakion
Graduate of the School of Zouridio
In the name of the Cretan people: Church of the leaders, chiefs and elites of Crete to the peoples of Europe and America. Athinisis: of the Printing House of the Perri brothers, 1897 p. 17
Cretan Inspection July 24, 1927 Theodosios Galeros
Patris Athinon 2 November 1912 p.146 [dead link]
Military Inspectorate Sep.-Dec. 2012 pp. 71-80 or 243-252
The Trumpet of Sgourovasilis sounds in Thessaloniki
Cretan Unity April 30, 1969
Lieutenant General I.S. Alexakis War Memories The Greek Liberation Wars 1912-1913 and the 1st Independent Cretan Battalion (Kolokotronis Battalion) Volume II, p.
Cretan Inspection 23 December 1913 p.3 Successful Appointments
Radical 14/8/1927, Page: 4
Cretan Unity October 10, 1969
Front 11/8/1913 p.4
Galeros Grigorios Patronymos: Ioan. Degree: Military Period: Balkan Wars
Galeros Grigorios Patronymos Ioan. Prefecture of Rethymno, OTA born Nikiforos Fokas Birthplace Kalonyktis Period Balkan Wars Date of death 1/1/1913 Place of death Tzoumagia
Georgios A. Kalogerakis - Manousos I. Chiotakis The Sfakianos Makedonomachos Georgios Stavrou Perros (1878 - 1912) Chania 2019 p. 121
World War I victims 1914 - 1919
Cretan Inspection 31/10/1917
The glorious holiday and heroic story of the 44th Infantry Regiment
The anniversary of the 44th Infantry Regiment
Georgiou I. Panagiotaki 20th century History of the Cretan Games outside Crete p. 173 Galerakis Georgios 27/7/1917 ΙΙVγ Ped.
October 2, 1917: Torpedoing by the German submarine "Peloponnese"
Iliakis Georgios
[ 182 & lang = en Cretan Inspection 25 November 1921 [
Cretan Inspection 30/11/1923 p.1
Creating a Treasure of Time Periods TRANSFER NUTRITION of MOUROUTSOS S. MARIAS
Cretan Inspection 13/2/1945 Goto page 68
Nikos Kokonas The German occupation of Crete p.242
Andrea Nenedaki Reserve father p. 132
Farewell to the mother
Iliakis, Lefteris The Civil War in Crete
Stavroulakis Eagle by Ioannis, Soldier: He was born in Kalonyktio, Rethymno in 1923, of 574 TP. He fell fighting in Agios Georgios Makrakomis, Lamia, on February 2, 1949
Business Report of Karpenisi, Hellenic Army / A'SS / A1 / 28 February 1949
The deadly attack on the SPAP train in Andritsa in 1948
Nation 12/6/1948 p.6
Front 12/6/1948 p.1
Cretan gendarmes in Naxos and a short story
A life given in the Homeland of Anastasios Hobbitis Former General Commander of Crete p. 177
Delton Fire Department
Michalis Troulis Rethymno History-Tour-Modern Life p. 255
O Out Hellenism A Letter of Action 19/7/1910 p.3
Cretan Inspection 27/11/1923 p.2
The crosses were announced in the municipality of Rethymno - Who are elected in the new municipal council
Krētē: Monthly Publication of the Pancretan Association of America 2003 p.12
Step 20/10/1922
Democracy October 20, 1922 p.2
Cretan Inspection 22/10/1922
Democracy 29/1/1928 p.2
Democracy 12/8/1923 p.3
Cretan Inspection 13/8/1923 p.3
Professional Baker 1920
Cretan Inspection 2/6/1923 p.2
Cretan Review 11/2/1923 p.2
Cretan Inspection 30/10/1922
oven rental on Martyron Street 1917, Rethymnon
oven rental on Martyron Street 1919, Rethymnon
Anonymous Arto-Industrial Company of Rethymno
Patris Heraklion 28-2-1951 p. 4
"We are on the side of Kyriakos Mitsotakis, we support the candidacy of G. Marinakis"
An evening in Rethymno, Sifis Galeros - Zacharis Melesanakis
Cretan Inspection 18/2/2020 p.10
Rethymnon Newspaper October 20, 2018 Stamatios Io. Galeros, a tribute by Manos Gorgoraptis
daughter of Stamatis Galerou
The Flame of the Olympic Games in Rethymnon
Guide to Greece 1930 Pyrsos Publications SA p.1450
Maria Ch. Galerou
GE Tsouderou Tribute to the history of Rethymnon until 1924 p. 214
Flower Gardens (May 9, 1938 Rethymnon Municipal Garden)
The action of the Association of Rethymno "To Arkadi" of incalculable value
PRICE REPORT ON THE FIRST WOMAN SOCIETY "Maria was the spark of lightning when she fought for justice"
Baptism of Marianthi Style. Galerou
He died in October 2008 p.9
Cretan Review February 25, 2020 p.27
Elias Emm. Gasparis Rethemnos newspaper Saturday 30 June 2018 pp. 20-22
Great Military and Naval Encyclopedia year 1929: entry by Youlountas Ioannis son of Georg. Division 2, Goto Page 519
Alexandros Dagkas The fools. The state against the communist. Collection of information from the Security Services of Thessaloniki, 1927, p.32
Extermination of robbery in Porroia
The old generation of Cretans in the person of Emmanuel Iliakis from Kalonykti - Dear and respected by all residents
Mediterranean 22/3/1953 p.2 Emmanuel G. Iliakis
Sale of Capital to Patrogiannis
his lawyer is Sbokos Georgios
Evangelos Stavroulakis: Areopagitis e.t. who never leaves his lyre
Cretan Review Saturday 12/7/2008 Dedicated to Chrysoula Dimitrakaki poetry collection of Indian philosopher mantinades Kosti Kallergi (KIGG) for Stavroulaki Vangelis
Stavroulakis Efstratios
Rethymnon newspaper 23/5/2020 pp. 16 & 17
Kalonyktis Rethymnon
Tzagaraki Despina
Saint Nikiforos Fokas, emperor of Byzantium
Lefteris K. Kryovrysanakis Athlorama Rethymno Rethymno 2019 p.9
Arkadi newspaper
The beginning of the events and the first Arcadia
Stops from Rethymno to Immortal: Ktel Rethymnou, Koumbes / Agia Fotini, Stratones, Atsipopoulou Bridge (Chania-Rethymno & Zoodochou Pigis), Violin Haraki (Kombos), Pantheonion, Athanareios Atsipoki Ktipopoulou, Atsipopoulo
Rethymnon KTEL Urban Bus Stops
Digital Crete-In the years of the Ottomans-Occupation-Historical Data-Kalonykti
biography Paslev
Pashley, Travels in Crete Vol II, page 314
oφειλόμενες αγγαρείες, βλέπε Pietro Castrofilaca, Libro di Informattione delle cose publiche del Regno di Candia, et isole de Cerigo. Zante, Zaffalonia et Corfu ... Anecdotal code of the Markian Library Mss. Ital. cl. 6, No. 156/6005 (K 173)
Stergiou Spanaki, Cities and villages of Crete over the centuries (register of settlements), Graphic Arts-G. Detorakis, Heraklion 1993, volume A΄, p. 341
General Archives of the State, Census 1899, Municipalities of Rustiki (for Kalonykti) & Lappaion. In Kalonykti 74 or 75 men & 70 or 69 women
Ministry of National Economy, Statistics Department, "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1921. Also: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920 "
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by the decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928"
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the census of October 16, 1940". (Real population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940"
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. "
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision no. 46929/6877/1961 of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 "
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: “Population of Greece, during its Census March 14, 1971 "
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of 5 April 1981"
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (Ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991"
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001"
"Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).

Municipal unit Nikiforos Fokas
Municipal Community Atsipopoulo
Agna (Αγνά, τα)
Atsipopoulo (Ατσιπόπουλον, το)
Βιολί Χαράκι, το
Panorama (Πανόραμα, το)
Community Agios Konstantinos
Agios Georgios (Άγιος Γεώργιος, ο)
Agios Konstantinos (Άγιος Κωνσταντίνος, ο)
Community ΆνωAno Valsamonero
Ano Valsamonero (Άνω Βαλσαμόνερον, το)
Monopari (Μονοπάριον, το)
Community Gerani
Gerani (Γεράνιον, το)
Petres (Πετρές, ο)
Community Gonia
Agios Andreas (Άγιος Ανδρέας, ο)
Gonia (Γωνιά)
Community Zouridi
Zouridi (Ζουρίδιον, το)
Community Kalonyktis
Kalonyktis (Καλονύκτης, ο)
Community Kato Valsamonero
Kato Valsamonero (Κάτω Βαλσαμόνερον, το)
Community Malaki
Ano Mallaki (Άνω Μαλάκιον, το)
Kato Mallaki (Κάτω Μαλάκιον, το)
Community Mountros
Velonado (Βελονάδον, το)
Μούντρος, ο
Community Prines
Vederoi (Βεδέροι, οι)
Prines (Πρινές, ο)
Community Roustika
Palailimnos (Παλαίλιμνος, ο)
Roustika (Ρούστικα, τα)
Community Saitoures
Saitoures (Σαϊτούραι, αι)
Community Frantzeskiana Metochia
Φραντζεσκιανά Μετόχια, τα

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