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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Mesochori (Μεσοχώρι) Messinia

Mesochori, [4] officially referred to as Mesochori, is a settlement near Pylos and belongs administratively to the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, in the Prefecture of Messinia.

Location

Mesochori is located about 6 km southeast of Pylos, about 7.5 km northeast of Methoni and about 37 km northwest of Koroni. It has an altitude of 216 [1] [5] meters and is about 4 km off the coast of the Ionian Sea and about 25 km from the Gulf of Messinia. Near Mesochori, to its east, is Pidasos at a distance of about 3 kilometers and to its southwest are Varakes and Kainourgio Chorio at a distance of about 2 and 2.5 kilometers respectively.

History

The village has a long history that follows the history of Messinia, Methoni and the wider area of ​​Pylia. The area of ​​the settlement, in antiquity, was part of the kingdom of Nestor, the ancient Pylos.

Second Venetian rule

Main entry: Territory of Methoni

At the time of the Second Venetian occupation, it was referred to as Messoghori. The settlement is also mentioned in various censuses of the Venetian Providers of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, which took place during the thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. The village of Mesoghori, in 1689, belonged to the province of Methoni (Territorio di Modon), which was one of the 4 provinces in which the Methoni district was then divided (Fanari province, Arcadia province, Navarino province and province). Methoni). According to the 1689 Venetian Corner census, the village had 54 inhabitants. [6]

Revolution of 1821

The Methoni had their camp in Mesochori, during the Revolution of 1821 and starting from there they were advanced and occupied the fortified locations of the area, besieging the Turks of Methoni. [7]

Early 20th century: The peasant movement in Mesochori

Mesochori, having many farmers and raisin producers in its area, actively participated from its beginnings in the creation of the strong agricultural movement of Pylia. [8] In Mesochori, the first section of the peculiar peasant party of Stavros (Loulis) Tsiklitiras, Tasi Koulamba and Zacharias Koureta was formed in Mesochori at the end of 1922 and beginning of 1923, with an anti-capitalist base and essentially friendly to the KKE. The second part of the party was formed shortly after in Chandrinou. According to the historical researcher Elias Bitsani, “The anti-capitalist views of Tsiklitiras are expressed in an acute way in a 27-page work that he himself published in 1923 entitled Operation of capitalists, victims of raisin producers. Shortly afterwards, in December 1923, he was a candidate for parliament in Pylia with the Agricultural Party of Greece. "[9] According to the same researcher:" The summer of 1935 has remained in the local history and history of the peasant movement, as the era of the great revolt of the raisin producers who took to the streets and squares in order to defend their labor and their just wages. ”[10] The starting point of these mobilizations was the Grape Festival of the Gargalians, for which, according to Tassi Koulampas, a KKE farmer at the time, the decision to organize the conference was taken at a meeting in Mesochori, after which a relevant announcement was issued. [11]


Administrative history

Mesochori was originally annexed to the old Municipality of Methoni in 1835. [12] [13] [14] where it remained until 1912 when the municipality was abolished. The village is mentioned, in 1853, also as Mesochori in the second volume of "Ellinika" by Iakovos Rizos Ragavis, as a village of the Municipality of Methoni of the Province of Pylia with a population of 100 inhabitants, based on the census of 1851. [15] The seat of the Municipality of Methoni at that time, based on the same source, was the town of Methoni. The village was referred to as Mesochori, from its official recognition in 1835 to 1879. From 1879 to 1889 it was officially referred to as Misochori and from 1889 to 1896 as Mesochori. From 1896 to 1940 it is officially referred to as Mesochori and from 1940 until today as Mesochori. In 1912 Mesochori was annexed and became the seat of the Community of Mesochori, [16] [17] to which the settlement of Varakas or Varakais (today Varakes) is annexed, which remained until 1916 when it was detached to the Community of Kainourgiou Chorio. The village remained a settlement of the homonymous community, from 1912 to 1997, when, as part of the changes that took place in the local government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, Mesochori was subordinated to the abolished Municipality of Pylos, [18] [19] until 2010. Since 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, Mesochorion now belongs to the new Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros. [20] [21] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the merger of the pre-existing municipalities of Koroni, Methoni, Papaflessa, Pylos, Nestoros and Chiliochoria. Mesochori today is the seat and the only settlement of the Local Community of Mesochori of the Municipality of Pylos-Nestoros. [4]

Residents

The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 157 permanent residents, who are mainly employed in various agricultural tasks.
Population Development of Mesochori Messinia Census Population Development Chart of Population
1689 54 [6]
1844 124 [22]
1851 100 [15]
1879 213 [23] [6]
1889 260 [24]
1896 348 [25]
1907 379 [26]
1920 440 [27]
1928 454 [28]
1940 474 [29]
1951 454 [30]
1961 419 [31]
1971 302 [32]
1981 224 [33]
1991 207 [34]
2001 219 [35]
2011 157 [36]
Buildings-attractions

Apart from the traditional houses, there is the old one-class Primary School. [37] As of December 1899, the Mesochori school had been promoted from a primary school to a primary school, with the indication that "the children of the villages of Hongzhogli, Barakais, Kainourgion" (today's settlements: Pidassos, Vararikos) and Kinourgio, respectively, had to attend. 38] The church of the village is the Holy Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, which belongs to the Holy Diocese of Messinia.
Byzantine churches of Mesochori

In the area of ​​Mesochori there are also the Byzantine Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior which is a cruciform roof with external ceramic decoration made of toothed films and dates from the 13th century, [39] as well as the ruined Holy Temple of the Holy Apostles, single-aisled church and rich ceramic decoration. [40]
See also

Gate
Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros
Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
former Municipality of Pylos

References

Mesochori, from the website: buk.gr
Mesochori Postal Code of Messinia.
Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Pylos: 27230
Municipal Unit of Pylos Archived 2017-11-23 at Wayback Machine., From the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Mesochori, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetian Archive 2015-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Volume 2 Archived 2017-11-06 at the Wayback Machine, published by the Printing Office Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina, Census 1689, No. 31 Messoghori - Census 1879, No. 31 Mesochori, pp. 700-701.
Toponyms of Methoni: 59. Tapia, from the website: methonitv.gr of the local media "Methoni Tv", based on the study of Vassilios Ilias Miskiotis, "Persons and issues of Methoni of the 19th and 20th Century", part two, Methoni 2011.
Elias Bitsanis, "Raisins, farmers and movement in Pylia, 03/09/2016, from the website: www.eleftheriaonline.gr of the newspaper" Eleftheria "of Messinia.
Elias Bitsanis, "Loulis Tsiklitiras, the agricultural leader of the interwar period with the tragic end", 27/05/2017, from the website: www.eleftheriaonline.gr of the newspaper "Eleftheria" of Messinia.
Elias Bitsanis, "The Raisin Conference of the Gargalians 80 years ago", 26/07/2015, from the website: www.eleftheriaonline.gr of the newspaper "Eleftheria" of Messinia.
"In Mesochori, today, Friday, June 28, at 9 am, the cooperatives of the regions of Methoni, Kainourgiou Chorio, Pidassos, Mesochori, Chomotada, etc., attended the meeting. and decision-making on the raisin issue. After a discussion, we unanimously decided to convene a Panstafidiko Conference in Gargalianoi on July 21. day Sunday and time 9 p.m. to examine the raisin issue in detail and make decisions on it. For these reasons, we call on all representatives of the Cooperatives, Associations, Units, villages and municipalities of all the raisin regions of Kalamos, Messina, Pyli, Trifylia, Olympia, Pyrgos, Patras, Patrasi, Aigronio, Baremen to Corinth, etc., because they believe. the whole world of raisin production is these. We also call on Mr. Prefect and Messrs. proxies deputies of all raisin regions. Representatives must be provided with power of attorney signed by the Associations or Cooperatives or Municipalities or Communities or by at least ten signatures of raisin producers. For the Organizing Committee, the President Zacharias Kouretas "(Reference 2:" Courage "04/07/1935). From the article by Ilias Bitsanis entitled: "The Raisin Conference of the Gargalians 80 years ago", 26/07/2015, from the website: www.eleftheriaonline.gr of the newspaper "Eleftheria" of Messinia.
21-04-1835.
Settlement Administrative Changes> Mesochori (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Settlement Administrative Changes> D. Methoni (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Iakovou R. Ragavi, The Greek, In Athens, 1853, volume two, p. 574.
Government Gazette 262A - 31/08/1912.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Mesochori (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
Administrative changes of settlements> D. Pylou-Nestoros (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Stamatakis, I. D., "Geographical Table of Greece, Containing the Names, Distances and Population of the Municipalities, Towns of Cities and Villages. / Dismissed from various official documents of the Northern Government, and published under I. D. Stamataki" . From the Printing House of G. Vlassaridou. In Athens 1846, p. 46.
Ministry of the Interior, "Statistics of Greece - Population 1879, from the Printing House of S. K. Vlastou, In Athens 1881. Also:" Statistics of Greece - Population 1879 ", p. 123.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistics of Greece - Population - Census of 15-16 April 1889", Part Two - Tables A, from the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1890, p. 89.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistical Results of the Population Census, on October 5-6, 1896", Part Two - Tables - First Population by Prefectures, Province, Municipalities, by the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1897, p. 105.
Ministry of the Interior, Census Service, Statistical Results of the General Census of the Population, on October 27, 1907 ", Edited by: Georgiou Chomatianou, volume two, from the Printing House of Michael Nikolaidou, In Athens 1909, p. 394.
Ministry of National Economy, Directorate of Statistics, "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1921. Also: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", p. 236.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by the decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928", p. 275.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Office of Greece, "Population of Greece during the October 16, 1940 census". (Real population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, En Athinais 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 303.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. ", p. 148.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision no. 46929/6877/1961 of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 143.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: “Population of Greece, during its Census March 14, 1971 ", p. 139.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 149.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (It was ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991", p. 182.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 185.
"Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).
Primary School Building, ΥΑ 60586/4260 / 7-9-1989 - ΦΕΚ 587 / Δ / 25-9-1989 και ΥΑ ΥΠΠΟ / ΔΙΛΑΠ / Γ / 2870/39984 / 4-10-1990 - ΦΕΚ 674 / Β / 24- 10-1990 [...]: "We characterize the building of the Primary School of the Community of Mesochori, in the Prefecture of Messinia, as a historical monument, because it is a typical example of school architecture of the first post-revolutionary years and a point of reference for the socio-historical development of the locals. "[...], according to the Permanent List of the Proclaimed Archaeological Sites and Monuments of Greece, of the Directorate of the National Archive of Monuments of the Ministry of Culture.
Demosthenes Kordos, "The Neoclassical Schools (" Syggrou Schools ") of the early 20th century of Southern Messinia", 02/07/2017, from the website: www.eleftheriaonline.gr of the newspaper "Eleftheria" of Messinia.
I. Church of the Transfiguration, YA YPPE / ARX / B1 / Φ30 / 26894/511 / 29-5-1984 - Government Gazette 836 / Β / 26-11-1984, [...] "We announce that the Church of the Transfiguration in Mesochori Pylia District of the Prefecture of Messinia, which is a cruciform roof with external ceramic decoration made of toothed ribbons and dates back to Byzantine times, is an ancient monument. " [...], according to the Permanent List of the Proclaimed Archaeological Sites and Monuments of Greece, of the Directorate of the National Archive of Monuments of the Ministry of Culture.

I. Church of Agios Apostolos, YA YPPE / ARCH / B1 / Φ30 / 16107/328 / 29-3-1984 - Government Gazette 627 / Β / 10-9-1984, [...] "The ruined church of Agios Apostolos, located in the Community of Mesochori of Pylia Province of the Prefecture of Messinia, is an ancient monument, according to the provisions of article 2 of KN 5351/1932 "On Arch / s" and is protected by the provisions of this article. It is a single-aisled church with semicircular niche sacred and rich ceramic decoration that is preserved on the north side and dates back to Byzantine times "." [...], according to the Permanent Catalog of the Proclaimed Archaeological Sites and Monuments of Greece, of the Directorate of National Archives of Monuments of the Ministry of Culture.

Sources

The inventions of the Provocateurs of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, Corner (1689), Grimani (1700) Angelo Emo (perhaps 1708), the undated census of Querini-Stampalia (perhaps 1711), are four of the various Venetian manuscripts. , which were attempted during the period of thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. To date, only the Grimani census has been published in full, by the historical and esteemed director of research of the National Research Foundation (EIE) Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, in his work "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", (1985).
Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", Series: Studies of Modern Greek History, translation: Christina Agriantoni, edited by: Angeliki Kokkou, published by Emporiki Bank of Greece - Historical Archive: 1987, Athens 2, 1985.
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian occupation in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.18: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993.
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetians", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, volume 2, From the Printing House of the Perri Brothers, In Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina.

External links

Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, from the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
"Byzantine Monuments of Messinia", 09/06/2016, from the website of the local media "Aristomenis o Messinios".

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