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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Pappoulia (Παππούλια) Messinia

Pappoulia [4] is a settlement near Pylos and belongs administratively to the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, in the Prefecture of Messinia.

Location

Pappoulia is located about 22 km northeast of Pylos and about 12 km southeast of Chora. They have an altitude of 305 [1] [5] meters and are about 11 kilometers off the coast of the Ionian Sea. Near Pappoulia, to the northeast is Vlachopoulos at a distance of about 5 km, to the southeast of Kremmidia at a distance of about 6 km, to the southwest of Iklina at a distance of about 5 km, to the west of Platanos at a distance of 3 approximately one kilometer and to the northwest of Myrsinochori at a distance of about 5.5 kilometers respectively.

History

The village has a long history that follows the history of Messinia, Methoni and the wider area of ​​Pylia. The area of ​​the settlement, in antiquity, was part of the kingdom of Nestor, the ancient Pylos. Today's village, in the past and until the middle of the 19th century, consisted of two separate settlements: Ano Papoulion (the newest village) and Kato Papoulion (the oldest village), which were about 800 meters apart. In 1845, the previous two settlements were administratively abolished and incorporated into a new settlement, which, after the dissolution of Kato Papouli, was essentially the remaining settlement of Ano Papouli. The resulting single village was now renamed Papoulias (1p). The official name of the village, from 1940 until today, is now referred to as Pappoulia (with 2 p)
Second Venetian rule

Main entry: Navarino Territory

During the Second Venetian occupation, the two settlements were referred to as Apann Papugli [6] and Catu Papugli [6] or Papaglia. [7] The two settlements are also mentioned in various censuses of the Venetian Providers of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, which took place during the thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese, through their acquisition (Stato da Mar ), which is also known as the Kingdom of Morea (1688-1715). The villages of Apann Papugli and Catu Papugli belonged in 1689 to the province of Navarino (Territorio di Navarin), which was one of the four provinces then divided by the Methoni district. Fanariou, Arcadia province, Navarino province and Methoni province). Based on the Venetian Corner census of 1689, the two villages had: Apann Papugli with 7 inhabitants and Katu Papugli with 25 inhabitants, respectively. [6]

Second Ottoman rule

Main entry: Kazas Navarinou

After 1715, when the Turks expelled the Venetians from Moria and returned, they renamed the Barony of Methoni to Vilaeti of Arcadia. During the period when the wider area of ​​Pylia was under Ottoman occupation (1715-1821), the two villages of Papouli belonged to Kazas Navarinou according to the publication of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens entitled A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece: The Southwestern Morea in the 18th Century, after the recapture of the areas of Moria by the Turks, the area of ​​Navarino, that is, of Pylia, was another part of the Ottoman (defter) cadastre. The area of ​​Ano Papouli referred to Ottoman Turkish as Papla or Mustafa Aga and the area of ​​Kato Papouli and Gyfada as Papla or Aga. [8]

Administrative history

Ano Papoulion [9] and Kato Papoulion [10] were originally annexed to the old Municipality of Koryfassi in 1835, [11] [12] based in Iklena (now Iklaina). Only 5 years later, in 1840, [13] these two settlements were detached from the Municipality of Koryfassi, which was then abolished and annexed to the old Municipality of Pylos [14] or the Municipality of Pyli, as mentioned at the time. In 1845 [15] Ano Papoulion and Kato Papoulion are abolished, as separate settlements, and from their union arises the new settlement called Papoulias [16] which is also attached to the Municipality of Pylos, where it remained until 1912, that the municipality was abolished. The village is mentioned, in 1853, also as Ano Papoulias and Kato Papoulias in the second volume of "Ellinika" by Iakovos Rizos Ragavis, as settlements of the Municipality of Pylos of Pylia Province with a population of 40 and 30 inhabitants respectively, based on the 1851 census. [17] The seat of the Municipality of Pylos at that time, based on the same source, was the town of Pylos, (Neokastron) and Kalivia. In 1912 Papoulias was annexed to the Ikleni Community, [18] [19] based in Iklena. In 1940 [20] the name of the village is corrected to Pappoulia (with 2 p). In 1948 [21] Pappoulia was detached from the Community of Iklaina and annexed as its seat to the Community of Pappoulia, [22] to which 8 years later, in 1956, [23] the settlement of Platanos was annexed. The village remained as a settlement and seat of the Community of Pappoulia, from 1956 to 1997, when then, in the context of the changes that occurred in the local government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, Pappoulia and Platanos were subject to the abolished Municipality of Pylos, [ 24] [25] until 2010. From 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, Pappoulia now belong to the new Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros. [26] [27] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the amalgamation of the pre-existing municipalities of Koroni, Methoni, Papaflessa, Pylos, Nestoros and Chiliochoria. Today, Pappoulia is the seat of the Local Community of Pappoulia of the Municipality of Pylos-Nestoros, [4] to which Platanos also belongs.

Residents

The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 103 permanent residents, who are mainly employed in various agricultural tasks.
Population Development of Pappoulia Messinia Census Population Development Chart of Population
1689 32 [6]
1844 85 [28]
1851 70 [17]
1879 78 [29] [6]
1889 105 [30]
1896 138 [31]
1907 179 [32]
1920 192 [33]
1928 214 [34]
1940 243 [35]
1951 238 [36]
1961 238 [37]
1971 168 [38]
1981 125 [39]
1991 98 [40]
2001 123 [41]
2011 103 [42]

Note: The population as mentioned in the diagram above for the village of Pappoulia, includes the total sum of the inhabitants of the village during the period from 1689 to 1851, ie the time period during which it was referred to as two separate settlements (Ano Papoulion and Kato Papoulion). In the relevant censuses the most detailed record of the population of the village was as follows:

1689: Apann Papugli 7 inhabitants, 25 Catu Papugli 25 inhabitants. Total: 32 inhabitants.
1844: Ano Papoulias 40 inhabitants, Kato Papoulia 45 inhabitants. Total: 85 inhabitants.
1851: Ano Papoulias 40 inhabitants, Kato Papoulia 30 inhabitants. Total: 70 inhabitants.

Buildings - events - sights
The Holy Temple of Agioi Anargyroi.

Apart from the traditional houses, there is the church of the village, the Holy Temple of Agioi Anargyroi, which belongs to the Holy Diocese of Messinia. There is also the oldest Holy Church of the Assumption (cemetery church). From the oldest village, Kato Papoulion, only its old church as the chapel of Agios Ioannis the Forerunner survives today. In the village, the Cultural Association of Messinian Papoulias also holds various events and cultural events. The sights of the village include the nearby Tomb of Pappoulia.

Tomb of Pappoulia

The Middle Helladic Tomb of Pappoulia or Tomb of Papouli, at Ag. Ioannis Papoulion, excavated during the period 1954-1955 by Spyridonas Marinatos. The reason for the excavation of the tomb was the intention of the then president of the community Miltiadou Zacharopoulos and his other fellow villagers who wanted to build a church in honor of St. John whose It also has the rural location of the wider area. The tomb, which Sp. Marinatos estimates may have been a polyandry of the dead who fell in battle, contained burials in pithos [43] arranged radially to its periphery and parallel to the ground. Excavations followed under the supervision of George St. Korre in 1978 and 1980. Based on the findings of 1954 and 1980, the mound appears to have had two construction phases. However, a special construction feature is considered to be the horseshoe-shaped construction in the center of the tumulus, which researchers believe is probably a cenotaph. [44] [45] [46]

See also

Gate
Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros
Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
former Municipality of Pylos

References

Pappoulia, from the website: buk.gr
Postal Code Pappoulia Messinia.
Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Pylos: 27230
Municipal Unit of Pylos Archived 2017-11-23 at Wayback Machine., From the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Pappoulia, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetian Archive 2015-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Volume 2 Archived 2017-11-06 at the Wayback Machine. Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina, Census 1689, No. 50 & 56 Apann Papugli & Catu Papugli - Census 1879, No. 50 & 56 Papoulias, pp. 700-701.
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian occupation in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.1.1: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993, p. 110 (Primo Territorio di Navarin Novo - Papaglia), p. 125 (Messenia - Modon).
Fariba Zarinebaf, John Bennet, Jack L. Davis, "A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece", "Hesperia", supplement 34, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Athens 2005, ISBN 978-0-87661-534-8 .
Settlement Administrative Changes> Ano Papoulion (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Settlement Administrative Changes> Kato Papoulion (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
21-04-1835.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Koryfassiou (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 22A - 18/12/1840.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 32A - 08/12/1845.
Residential Changes> Papoulias (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Iakovou R. Ragavi, The Greek, In Athens, 1853, volume two, p. 574.
Government Gazette 262A - 31/08/1912.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Iklenis (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
16/10/1940.
Government Gazette 24A - 28/01/1948.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Pappoulia (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 296A - 11/12/1956.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
Administrative changes of settlements> D. Pylou-Nestoros (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Stamatakis, I. D., "Geographical Table of Greece, Containing the Names, Distances and Population of the Municipalities, Towns of Cities and Villages. / Dissolved from various official documents of the Northern Government, and published under I. D. Stamataki" . From the Printing House of G. Vlassaridou. In Athens 1846, p. 45.
Ministry of Interior, "Statistics of Greece - Population 1879, from the Printing House of S. K. Vlastou, In Athens 1881. Also:" Statistics of Greece - Population 1879 ", p. 119.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistics of Greece - Population - Census of 15-16 April 1889", Part Two - Tables A ', from the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1890, p. 86.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistical Results of the Population Census, on October 5-6, 1896", Part Two - Tables - First Population by Prefectures, Province, Municipalities, by the National Printing Office and Lithography Office, Athens 1897, p. 103.
Ministry of the Interior, Census Service, Statistical Results of the General Census of the Population, on October 27, 1907 ", Edited by: Georgiou Chomatianou, volume two, from the Printing House of Michael Nikolaidou, In Athens 1909, p. 393.
Ministry of National Economy, Directorate of Statistics, "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1921. Also: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", p. 235.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928", p. 273.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the census of October 16, 1940". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, En Athinais 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 301.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: “Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. ", p. 148.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior No. 46929/6877/1961), from the National Printing Office, in Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 143.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of March 14, 1971 ", p. 139.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 149.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (It was ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of 17 March 1991", p. 182.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 186.
"Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).
Κ / ΛΗ ΕΠΚΑ / 17/281: Melatos ethos pithos, Tomb of Papouli, from the website: collections.culture.gr of the Ministry of Culture.
Spyridon Marinatos, "Excavations in Pylos", PAE 1954, pp. 311-316.
Spyridon Marinatos, "Excavations of Messinia 1952-1966", published by Sp. Iakovidis, pp. 94-99.

The burial mound of Agios Ioannis Papoulias in an aerial photograph [dead link], from the website: repository.pylia.gr - "Digital Gate".

Sources

The inventions of the Provocateurs of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, Corner (1689), Grimani (1700) Angelo Emo (perhaps 1708), the undated census of Querini-Stampalia (perhaps 1711), are four of the various Venetian manuscripts. , which were attempted during the period of thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. To date, only the Grimani census has been fully published, by the historical and esteemed director of research of the National Research Foundation (EIE) Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, in his work "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", (1985).
Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", Series: Studies of Modern Greek History, translation: Christina Agriantoni, edited by: Angeliki Kokkou, published by: Emporiki Bank of Greece - Historical Archive: 1987, Athens 2, 1985.
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian occupation in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.1.1: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993.
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetians", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, volume 2, From the Printing House of the Perri Brothers, In Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina.
Fariba Zarinebaf, John Bennet, Jack L. Davis, "A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece", "Hesperia", supplement 34, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Athens 2005, ISBN 978-0-87661-534-8 .
Spyridon Marinatos, "Excavations in Pylos", PAE 1954, pp. 311-316.
Spyridon Marinatos, "Excavations of Messinia 1952-1966", published by Sp. Iakovidis, pp. 94-99.

External links

Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, from the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Cultural Association of Messinian Shoes.
Cultural Association of Pappoulaion of Messinia, from the website: www.topoikaitropoi.gr
"Tomb of Papouli, Messinia", 12/13/2013, from the website of the local media "Aristomenis o Messinios".
[https://aristomenismessinios.blogspot.com/2016/03/1954-5.html The Tomb of Papouli: Excavation of Marinatos 1954 - 5] 16/3/2016 from the website of the local media "Aristomenis o Messinios"

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