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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Kallithea (Καλλιθέα) Messinia

Kallithea, [4] formerly referred to as Memerizi, is a settlement near Pylos and belongs administratively to the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, in the Prefecture of Messinia.

Location

Kallithea is located about 13.5 km southeast of Pylos, about 14.5 km northeast of Methoni and about 31.5 km northwest of Koroni. It has an altitude of 207 [1] [5] meters and is about 11 kilometers from the shores of the Ionian Sea and about 17 kilometers from the Gulf of Messinia. Near Kallithea, to its northeast, are Kato Ampelokipi at a distance of about 5.5 km, to the west is Chomotada at a distance of about 3 km and to the north is Arapolakka at a distance of about 3.5 km respectively.

History

The village has a long history that follows the history of Messinia, Methoni and the wider area of ​​Pylia. The area of ​​the settlement, in antiquity, was part of the kingdom of Nestor, the ancient Pylos. The current settlement came from the merging of the settlements of Memerizi and Gamos, first under the name of Memerizi and from 1928 onwards under the name of Kallithea. The original settlement of Memerizi was essentially Kato Kallithea, while the settlement of Gamos evolved into Ano Kallithea. Some of the villagers come from Arkades cattle breeders, also known as "anevokatevates", a name previously given to these shepherds, as in the spring they went up with their flocks to Arcadia, while in the winter they went down to the winter of Messinia. [6]

Second Venetian rule

Main entry: Territory of Methoni

During the Second Venetian occupation, it was referred to as Memeris Με or Memi Raisi [8]. The settlement is also mentioned in various censuses of the Venetian Providers of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, which took place during the thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. The village of Memi Raisi (Memi Raisi), belonged, in 1689, to the province of Methoni (Territorio di Modon), which was one of the 4 provinces, which were then divided into the district of Methoni (Fanari province, Arcadia province, Navarino province and province of Methoni). Based on the Venetian Corner census of 1689, the village had 7 inhabitants. [8] From time to time the village is mentioned in various bibliographic sources as well as Memet-reizi or Memerizi.

Δadministrative history

Memet-reizi or Memerizi [9] was originally annexed to the old Municipality of Pidassos [10] in 1835. [11] Only 5 years later, in 1840, [12] Memerizi was detached from the Municipality of Pidassos, which was then abolished and annexed to the old Municipality of Methoni, [13] where it remained until 1912 when the municipality was abolished, while 10 years later, the 1845, [14] the settlement of Gamos [15] is annexed to the old Municipality of Methoni, where it remained until 1912, when the municipality was abolished. These two settlements have a parallel historical course, from 1845 to 1940, which were merged, with the simultaneous abolition of the settlement of Gamos. The settlements are also mentioned, in 1853, in the second volume of the "Greek" by Iakovos Rizos Ragavis, as settlements of the Municipality of Methoni of the Province of Pylia based on the census of 1851. [16] The first settlement, Memeritsi, has a population of 266 inhabitants, while the second settlement, Gamos, is among the list with the sites of Soumbali, Keinourgion Chorion and Pera Militsa, which are characterized as "Agricultural, slightly inhabited places". The seat of the Municipality of Methoni at that time, based on the same source, was the town of Methoni. [16] From 1879 to 1889 the first settlement was officially named as Memerizi and from 1889 to 1896 as Memerizion, while from 1896 to 1928, when it was renamed, it was officially called Memerizi. The second settlement from 1845, which was recognized until 1940, when it was abolished, was constantly and officially referred to as Marriage. In 1912, Memerizi and Gamos were annexed to the Memerizi Community, [17] [18] based in Memerizi. The settlements of Arapolakka, Daouti (abolished in 1930) and Chomotada were also annexed to the Memerizio Community. In 1927 [19] the Chomatatades were detached from the Memeriziou Community and designated as the seat of the Chomatatades Community. [20] A year later, in 1928 [21], the Community of Memerizi and the village of Memerizi were renamed the Community of Kallithea and Kallithea respectively, while in 1940 [22] the settlement of Gamos was abolished and its population was incorporated mainly in Kallithea and secondarily in the settlement of Arapolakka. a little later, in 1948, [23] he was detached from the Community of Kallithea and annexed to the Community of Hunter. Kallithea remained as a settlement and seat of the homonymous community (with the change of name), from 1912 to 1997, when then, in the context of the changes that occurred in the local government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, it came under the abolished Municipality of Pylos. , [24] [25] until 2010. Since 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, Kallithea now belongs to the new Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros. [26] [27] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the merger of the pre-existing municipalities of Koroni, Methoni, Papaflessa, Pylos, Nestoros and Chiliochoria. Kallithea today is the seat of the Local Community of Kallithea of ​​the Municipality of Pylos-Nestoros, [4] to which Arapolakka also belongs.

Residents

The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 629 permanent residents, who are mainly employed in various agricultural tasks. The main agricultural products produced in the area of ​​the village are olive oil and raisins. [28]

Population Development of Kallithea Pylos Messinia Census Population Development Chart of Population
1689 7 [8]
1844 163 [29]
1851 266 [16]
1879 407 [30]
1889 532 [31]
1896 653 [32]
1907 694 [33]
1920 790 [34]
1928 836 [35]
1940 991 [36]
1951 972 [37]
1961 884 [38]
1971 726 [39]
1981 621 [40]
1991 556 [41]
2001 600 [42]
2011 629 [43]

Note: The population as mentioned in the diagram above for the village of Kallithea, includes the total sum of the inhabitants of the village during the period from 1845 to 1940, ie the time period during which it was referred to as two separate settlements (Memerizi and Gamos). . In the relevant censuses the most detailed record of the population of the village was as follows:

1851: Memeritsi 266 inhabitants, Marriage (oligo-inhabited place).
1879: Memerizi 257 [8] inhabitants, Wedding 150 inhabitants. Total: 407 inhabitants.
1889: Memerion 343 inhabitants, Marriage 189 inhabitants. Total: 532 inhabitants.
1896: Memerizi 401 inhabitants, Marriage 252 inhabitants. Total: 653 inhabitants.
1907: Memerizi 470 inhabitants, Marriage 224 inhabitants. Total: 694 inhabitants.
1920: Mezeri 548 inhabitants, Marriage 242 inhabitants. Total: 790 inhabitants.
1928: Kallithea (Memerizi) 573 inhabitants, Marriage 263 inhabitants. Total: 836 inhabitants.
1940: Kallithea 991 inhabitants, Marriage - inhabitants. Total: 991 inhabitants.

Buildings

The three-storey bell tower with the tiled roof and the clock of the Holy Temple of Agios Nikolaos of Kallithea.

Apart from the traditional houses, there is the old Primary School, which started operating in 1936, [44] the rural doctor's office and the churches of the village, the Holy Temple of Agios Nikolaos, with the three-storey bell tower, the tiled roof and the clock, [28 ] the Holy Temple of Agios Ioannis Prodromos, which belong to the Holy Diocese of Messinia.

See also

Gate
Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros
Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
former Municipality of Pylos

References

Kallithea, from the website: buk.gr
Postal Code of Kallithea, Messinia.
Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Pylos: 27230
Municipal Unit of Pylos Archived 2017-11-23 at Wayback Machine., From the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Kallithea, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
"Shepherds of Arcadia in the winters of Messinia", 01/12/2016, Republishing of the article "Vlachs and Arvanites in Moria", from the newspaper "Arkadikos Orizontes", based on the book of Nikos Pasagiotis in Messinia ", V. Giannikos - V. Kaldis publications, Athens 2001, ISBN 960-7296-63-X, ISBN 978-960-7296-63-4, from the website of the local media www.arkadiapress.gr
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian rule in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.18: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993, p. 110 (Secondo Territorio di Modon - Memiraisì), p. 125 (Messenia - Modon).
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetian Archive 2015-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Volume 2 Archived 2017-11-06 at the Wayback Machine, published by the Printing Office Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina, Census 1689, No. 34 Memi Raisi - Census 1879, No. 34 Memerizi, pp. 700-701.
Settlement Administrative Changes> Messer (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Settlement Administrative Changes> D. Pidassos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
21-04-1835.
Government Gazette 22A - 18/12/1840.
Settlement Administrative Changes> D. Methoni (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 32A - 08/12/1845.
Settlement Administrative Changes> Wedding (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Iakovou R. Ragavi, The Greek, In Athens, 1853, volume two, p. 575.
Government Gazette 262A - 31/08/1912.
Administrative Changes of Settlements K. Memeriziou (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 186A - 06/09/1927.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Memeriziou (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 193A - 20/09/1928.
16/10/1940.
Government Gazette 228A - 13/09/1948.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
Administrative changes of settlements> D. Pylou-Nestoros (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
"Messinia: Olive Culture in the land of Messinia" - "Messinia. The Olive Culture in the Messinian Land", Biotourism Guide - Biotouristic Guide, from the website: biopolitics.gr, Biotourism - Olive Culture in the land of Messinia, edition: "Biopolitics International Organization" - "International Biopolitics Organization", Athens 2015, ISBN 978-960-7508-55-3, Unit: "Gate and the panoramic view of the bay of Navarino", p. 276.
Stamatakis, I. D., "Geographical Table of Greece, Containing the Names, Distances and Population of the Municipalities, Towns of Cities and Villages. / Dismissed from various official documents of the Northern Government, and published under I. D. Stamataki" . From the Printing House of G. Vlassaridou. In Athens 1846, p. 46.
Ministry of Interior, "Statistics of Greece - Population 1879, from the Printing House of SK Vlastos, In Athens 1881. Also:" Statistics of Greece - Population 1879 ", pp. 122, 123.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistics of Greece - Population - Census of 15-16 April 1889", Part Two - Tables A, from the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1890, p. 89.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistical Results of the Population Census, on October 5-6, 1896", Part Two - Tables - First Population by Prefectures, District, Municipalities, by the National Printing Office and Lithography, Athens 1897, pp. 104, 105.

Ministry of the Interior, Census Service, Statistical Results of the General Census of the Population, on October 27, 1907 ", Edited by: Georgiou Chomatianou, volume two, from the Printing House of Michael Nikolaidou, In Athens 1909, p. 394.
Ministry of National Economy, Directorate of Statistics, "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1921. Also: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", p. 236.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by the decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928", p. 274.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Office of Greece, "Population of Greece during the October 16, 1940 census". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, En Athinais 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 305.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. ", p. 147.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision no. 46929/6877/1961 of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 143.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: “Population of Greece, during its Census March 14, 1971 ", p. 138.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 149.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (It was ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991", p. 181.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 185.
"Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).

Kallithea Messinia, Archival and audio-visual research material, from the website: repository.academyofathens.gr of the "Hellenic Society Research Center" (KEEK) of the Academy of Athens.
Sources

The inventions of the Provocateurs of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, Corner (1689), Grimani (1700) Angelo Emo (perhaps 1708), the undated census of Querini-Stampalia (perhaps 1711), are four of the various Venetian manuscripts. , which were attempted during the period of thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. To date, only the Grimani census has been published in full, by the historical and esteemed director of research of the National Research Foundation (EIE) Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, in his work "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", ( 1985).
Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", Series: Studies of Modern Greek History, translation: Christina Agriantoni, edited by: Angeliki Kokkou, published by Emporiki Bank of Greece - Historical Archive: 1987, Athens 2 , 1985.
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian occupation in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.18: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993.
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetians", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, volume 2, From the Printing House of the Perri Brothers, In Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina.

External links

Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, from the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Electoral Catalog of Memerizi and Marriage, 1867.
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