- Art Gallery -

Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Elaiofyto (Ελαιόφυτον) Messinia

Elaiofyto [4] formerly referred to as Gouvalovoras or Gouvalovaros or Vouvalovoro or Strapa and officially as Eleofofton, is a settlement near Pylos and belongs administratively to the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, in the Prefecture of Messinia.

Location

Elaiofyto is located about 13 km northeast of Pylos and about 13.5 km southeast of Chora. It has an altitude of 170 [1] [5] meters and is about 5.5 kilometers from the shores of the Gulf of Pylos. Near Elaiofyto, to the northeast is Iklina at a distance of about 4 km, to the northwest is Korifasio at a distance of about 6 km and to the southwest is Yalova at a distance of about 5.5 km respectively.
History

The village has a history that follows the history of Messinia, Pylos and the wider area of ​​Pylia. The area of ​​the settlement, in antiquity, was part of the kingdom of Nestor, the ancient Pylos. The village is referred to by its original official name, from 1835 to 1908, as Gouvalovoras or Gouvalovaros and then as Vouvalovoros, referring to other sources and as Vouvalovoros or Vouvalovoron, [6] located in another original location, closer to church of Panagia Strapa and about 3 km southwest of the current location of the village and then the village was referred to as Strapa or Strappa, both in its older and newer location.

Administrative history

The original settlement, Gouvalovoras or Gouvalovaros [7] was originally annexed to the old Municipality of Koryfassi in 1835, [8] [9] based in λεklena (today σήμερακλαινα). Only 5 years later, in 1840, [10] it was detached from the Municipality of Koryfassi, which was then abolished and annexed to the old Municipality of Pylos [11] or Municipality of Pyli, as mentioned then, where it remained until 1908, [12] when This settlement was abolished and replaced by the newest settlement of Strapa, in a newer location, close to the original. The village is mentioned, in 1853, also as Gouvalovaros in the second volume of "Ellinika" by Iakovos Rizos Ragavis, as a settlement of the Municipality of Pylos of Pylia Province with a population of 113 inhabitants, based on the census of 1851. [13] The seat of the Municipality of Pylos at that time, based on the same source, was the town of Pylos, (Neokastron) and Kalivia. The village was officially referred to as Gouvalovoras and then as Gouvalovoras until 1879. From 1879 to 1908 it was abolished as a settlement and was officially referred to as Vouvalovoros. In the same year, the newest settlement was identified in a new nearby location, at a distance of about 3 kilometers northeast of the previous one, called Strapa. Scrapa [14] is officially mentioned for the first time in the 1907 census as a settlement of the old Municipality of Pylos, which had 148 inhabitants, while it was officially annexed, in 1908, [15] to the old Municipality of Pylos, [16] or Municipality of Pyli, where and remained until 1912 when the municipality was abolished. In 1912, Strapa was first annexed to the Iklenis Community, [17] [18] based in λεklena (now λαιklaina), and only 7 years later, in 1919, [19] it was reunited with the Ikleni Community and annexed to the Pylos Community. . [20] In 1956 [21] Scrappa was renamed Eleophytoton, a name officially mentioned today. The village remained as a settlement of the Community of Pylos, from 1919 to 1946, [22] which this community is recognized as the Municipality of Pylos (1946-2010) and then, after 1997, when then in the context of the changes that occurred in the local self-government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, Eleofyton continued to be part of the abolished Municipality of Pylos, [23] [24] until 2010. Since 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, Eleofyton now belongs to the new Municipality Pylos - Nestoros. [25] [26] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the merger of the pre-existing municipalities of Koroni, Methoni, Papaflessa, Pylos, Nestoros and Chiliochoria. Eleofyton today is a settlement of the Municipal Community of Pylos of the Municipality of Pylos-Nestoros, [4] based in Pylos. Yalova, Paleoneron, Schinolakka and the islet of Sfaktiria also belong to this municipal community.

Residents

The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 81 permanent residents, who are mainly employed in various agricultural tasks.

Population Development of the Olive Grass of Messinia Census Population Development Chart of Population
1844 112 [27]
1851 113 [13]
1879 130 [28]
1889 126 [29]
1896 108 [30]
1907 148 [31]
1920 118 [32]
1928 130 [33]
1940 171 [34]
1951 225 [35]
1961 184 [36]
1971 169 [37]
1981 123 [38]
1991 114 [39]
2001 102 [40]
2011 81 [41]

Note: The population as mentioned in the above diagram for the village of Eleophyton, includes the censuses of the villagers, from the census of 1844 and the census of 1896 of the settlement known as Gouvalovoras or Gouvalovaros or Vouvalovoros, from the census of 1907 as well as the 1951 census of the settlement known as Strapa and from the 1961 census to the present day of the settlement known as Elaiofyto.

Buildings-attractions

Apart from the traditional houses, there is the old Primary School and the churches of the village, the Holy Temple of Agios Athanasios and the Holy Temple of Agios Georgios (cemetery church), which belong to the Holy Diocese of Messinia. Apart from the excellent view of the village to the gulf of Pylos, Gialova, the lagoon of Divari, the island of Sfaktiria and Paleokastro of Navarino, among the important sights of the village are the Monastery of Panagia tis Sgrapas or the Monastery of Zoo Scrap. Thanks to this, the village has an important role in the religious history of the wider area of ​​Pylia, for which the Monastery is regularly selected as a place for weddings, baptisms and other religious activities. [42]
Holy Monastery of Zoodochou Pigi Strapa

Near the village of Eleofythos, at a distance of about 3 km and on the homonymous hill of Strapa, is the Holy Pilgrimage of Panagia Strapa or Holy Monastery of Zoodochou Pigi, consisting of a small church, reception areas and large guest houses for pilgrims. This pilgrimage is an important religious center and spiritual treasure of the region of Pylia. According to local tradition, as well as various researchers, [6] Panaytsa of Strapa is associated with the passage of the Franks through this area, as it is believed that when the Bourbon queen was found in the area in 1332, she built churches both in Paleokastro. as well as in the wider area. Among other things, he built the Church of the Virgin Mary in Vouvalovorou ​​or Strapa (Gourna). This original church was destroyed after 1550, when the area was occupied by the Turks (who built Niokastro and the mosque inside it) and remained demolished until 1680, when the area was recaptured during the Second Venetian Occupation by the Venetians (who completed it). Niokastro). At that time, Doukas Morozinis turned the mosque of Niokastro into a church, giving it the name "Transfiguration of the Savior", while he also rebuilt Panayitsa of Strapa. In 1825, Ibrahim rebuilt the temple completely and with fire. After the final liberation of the area, in 1828, the newer inhabitants moved to the site of the former church, created the newest village called Gouvalovoras or Vouvalovoros or Vouvalovoron until 1840 and rebuilt the small cathedral church of Megalohari. by Ibrahim, but they did not find the original image of the temple and so the then pre-eminent Anastasios Alexopoulos donated a new image. [6] From 1855 onwards, the inhabitants of Strapa or Vouvalovoros gradually, due to the lack of water and malaria, which came from the swamp of Gialova, moved higher, about 3 kilometers northeast of the temple, and built the new village, which they named it Scrapa again, which in 1956 was renamed Eleofytho. In 1870 the church was destroyed again due to rainfall, which brought rainwater and soil, resulting in the burial of the temple and the loss of its second image, which was commemorated in 1835. Despite Anastasiou Alexopoulos "and which was registered in the ruins of the temple. [6] On August 23, 1892, according to local tradition, miraculously due to the suggestion of the Virgin Mary, the second icon of the church was found by Anastasia Alexopoulou, wife of Nikolaos Argyropoulos from Makri, Tripoli (Fana), who had moved to the area after their three boys after 1880, searching for winter and building a makeshift house and sheepfold on the hill, 150 meters northwest of the old church of Panagitsa for them and their flocks. As Anastasia came from Arcadia, the Arcadians, after finding the image, personally took the whole matter, formed committees and made fundraisers and donations, resulting in the construction of the newest Holy Temple, dedicated to the Life-Giving Source, while Anastasia then served. the Holy Pilgrimage until its deep aging. The found image of the Life-Giving Spring is honored on Friday of Diakainisimos with a three-day festival, as well as on the 23rd of August in memory of its discovery. The Archimandrite-hieromonk Jeremiah, who has been serving there for the last decades, has played an important role in the promotion of the Holy Pilgrimage. [6] [42]

See also

Gate
Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros
Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
former Municipality of Pylos

References

Elaiofyto, from the website: buk.gr
Postal Code Elaiofyto of Messinia.
Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Pylos: 27230
Municipal Unit of Pylos Archived 2017-11-23 at Wayback Machine., From the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Elaiofyto, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
Ekaterini Diamantopoulou, "Panagia tis Scrapas - Navarino", from the website: www.romiosini.org.gr of M.K.O. "Romanism".
Administrative Changes of Settlements> Gouvalovaros (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
21-04-1835.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Koryfassiou (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 22A - 18/12/1840.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 28A - 08/02/1908.
Iakovou R. Ragavi, The Greek, In Athens, 1853, volume two, p. 574.
Settlement Administrative Changes> Scrap (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 28A - 08/02/1908.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 262A - 31/08/1912.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Iklenis (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 195A - 04/09/1919.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 125A - 21/05/1956.
Government Gazette 290A - 26/09/1946.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> D. Pylos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
Administrative changes of settlements> D. Pylou-Nestoros (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Stamatakis, I. D., "Geographical Table of Greece, Containing the Names, Distances and Population of the Municipalities, Towns of Cities and Villages. / Dismissed from various official documents of the Northern Government, and published under I. D. Stamataki" . From the Printing House of G. Vlassaridou. In Athens 1846, p. 45.
Ministry of Interior, "Statistics of Greece - Population 1879, from the Printing House of S. K. Vlastou, In Athens 1881. Also:" Statistics of Greece - Population 1879 ", p. 119.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistics of Greece - Population - Census of 15-16 April 1889", Part Two - Tables A, from the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1890, p. 85.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistical Results of the Population Census, on October 5-6, 1896", Part Two - Tables - First Population by Prefectures, Province, Municipalities, by the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1897, p. 102.
Ministry of the Interior, Census Service, Statistical Results of the General Census of the Population, on October 27, 1907 ", Edited by: Georgiou Chomatianou, volume two, from the Printing House Michael Nikolaidou, In Athens 1909, p. 393.
Ministry of National Economy, Directorate of Statistics, "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1921. Also: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", p. 237.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928", p. 276.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Office of Greece, "Population of Greece during the October 16, 1940 census". (Real population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 304.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. ", p. 147.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision no. 46929/6877/1961 of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 142.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: “Population of Greece, during its Census March 14, 1971 ", p. 138.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 148.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (It was ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991", p. 181.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 185.
"Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).

"Messinia: Olive Culture in the land of Messinia" - "Messinia. The Olive Culture in the Messinian Land", Biotourism Guide - Biotouristic Guide, from the website: biopolitics.gr, Biotourism - Olive Culture in the land of Messinia, edition: "Biopolitics International Organization" - "International Biopolitics Organization", Athens 2015, ISBN 978-960-7508-55-3, Unit: "Olive grove - a place with a religious history", pp. 264-265.

External links

Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, from the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Ekaterini Diamantopoulou, "Panagia tis Scrapas - Navarino", from the website: www.romiosini.org.gr of M.K.O. "Romanism".
The Evening of the Life-Giving Spring in Strapa, Messinia, 17/04/2015, from the website: www.amen.gr
Panagia Stragpa. The chronology of the finding of the holy icon ", published by: Holy Metropolis of Messinia, 4th ed., Stragpa 2006, from the website: https://web.archive.org/web/20071018054820/http://www.pigizois.net/

Greece :

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Ancient Greece
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History
Modern Greece

Greece

World

Index

Hellenica World