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Here, is a list of initialisms and acronyms used in laser physics, applications and technology.
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.


AOM – acousto-optic modulator
AOPDF - acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter
APD – avalanche photodiode
APM – additive-pulse mode locking
ASE – amplified spontaneous emission
ATD - above threshold dissociation
ATI - above threshold ionization
AWG – arrayed waveguide grating


BPP – beam parameter product


CD-ROM - compact disc read-only memory
CEO – carrier-envelope offset
CEP - carrier-envelope phase
CPA – chirped-pulse amplification
CW – continuous wave
CWDM – coarse wavelength division multiplexing


DBR – distributed Bragg reflector
DCM – dispersion-compensation module or double-chirped mirror
DFB laser – distributed feedback laser
DFG – difference-frequency generation
DIAL – differential absorption LIDAR
DOG - double optical gating
DOS – density of states
DPSS – diode pumped solid state
DWDM – dense wavelength division multiplexing


ECDL – external cavity diode laser
EDC – electronic dispersion compensation
EDFA – erbium-doped fiber amplifier
Er:YAG – erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet, Er:Y3Al5O12
EOM – electro-optic modulator
ESA – excited state absorption


FEL – free electron laser
FREAG – frequency-resolved electro-absorption gating
FROG – frequency-resolved optical gating
FROG-CRAB - frequency-resolved optical gating for complete reconstruction of attosecond bursts
FWM – four-wave mixing
FP – Fabry-Perot laser


GRENOUILLE – grating-eliminated no-nonsense observation of ultrafast incident laser light e-fields


HeNe – helium–neon laser
HHG – high harmonic generation


IR – infrared


KLM – Kerr-lens modelocking


LASEK – laser-assisted sub-epithelial keratectomy
LASER – light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
LASIK – laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (eye surgery)
LBO – lithium triborate
LiDAR - light detection and ranging
LLLT – low-level laser therapy


MASER – microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
MIIPS – multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan
MOPA – master oscillator power amplifier


Nd:YAG – neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet, Nd:Y3Al5O12
Nd:YCOB – neodymium-doped YCOB, YCa4O(BO3)3


OC – output coupler
OPO – optical parametric oscillator
OPA – optical parametric amplifier / optical parametric amplification
OPCPA – optical parametric chirped pulse amplification


PI – population inversion


RABBIT - reconstruction of attosecond beating by interference of two -photon transitions
REMPI – resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization


SHG – second harmonic generation
SLM – single longitudinal mode
SPIDER – spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction
SPM – self-phase modulation


TE – transverse electric mode
TEA – transverse electrical discharge in gas at atmospheric pressure
TEM – transverse electromagnetic mode
THG – third harmonic generation
Ti:Sapph - Ti-sapphire laser
TM – transverse magnetic mode


UV – ultraviolet


VCSEL – vertical cavity surface-emitting laser
VECSEL – vertical external cavity surface-emitting laser


WDM – wavelength division multiplexing


XPM – cross-phase modulation
XPW - Cross-polarized wave generation


YAG – yttrium aluminium garnet, Y3Al5O12
YAM - yttrium aluminium monoclinic
YAP - yttrium aluminium perovskite


Laser Acronyms and Laser Abbreviations



List of laser articles List of laser types List of laser applications Laser acronyms

Laser types: Solid-state
Semiconductor Dye Gas
Chemical Excimer Ion Metal Vapor

Laser physics

Active laser medium Amplified spontaneous emission Continuous wave Doppler cooling Laser ablation Laser cooling Laser linewidth Lasing threshold Magneto-optical trap Optical tweezers Population inversion Resolved sideband cooling Ultrashort pulse

Laser optics

Beam expander Beam homogenizer B Integral Chirped pulse amplification Gain-switching Gaussian beam Injection seeder Laser beam profiler M squared Mode-locking Multiple-prism grating laser oscillator Multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan Optical amplifier Optical cavity Optical isolator Output coupler Q-switching Regenerative amplification

Laser spectroscopy

Cavity ring-down spectroscopy Confocal laser scanning microscopy Laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy Laser diffraction analysis Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy Laser-induced fluorescence Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy Raman spectroscopy Second-harmonic imaging microscopy Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy Two-photon excitation microscopy Ultrafast laser spectroscopy

Laser ionization

Above-threshold ionization Atmospheric-pressure laser ionization Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization Soft laser desorption Surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization

Laser fabrication

Laser beam welding Laser bonding Laser converting Laser cutting Laser cutting bridge Laser drilling Laser engraving Laser-hybrid welding Laser peening Multiphoton lithography Pulsed laser deposition Selective laser melting Selective laser sintering

Laser medicine

Computed tomography laser mammography Laser capture microdissection Laser hair removal Laser lithotripsy Laser coagulation Laser surgery Laser thermal keratoplasty LASIK Low-level laser therapy Optical coherence tomography Photorefractive keratectomy Photorejuvenation

Laser fusion

Argus laser Cyclops laser GEKKO XII HiPER ISKRA lasers Janus laser Laboratory for Laser Energetics Laser integration line Laser Mégajoule Long path laser LULI2000 Mercury laser National Ignition Facility Nike laser Nova (laser) Novette laser Shiva laser Trident laser Vulcan laser

Civil applications

3D laser scanner CD DVD Blu-ray Laser lighting display Laser pointer Laser printer Laser tag

Military applications

Advanced Tactical Laser Boeing Laser Avenger Dazzler (weapon) Electrolaser Laser designator Laser guidance Laser-guided bomb Laser guns Laser rangefinder Laser warning receiver Laser weapon LLM01 Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System Tactical High Energy Laser Tactical light ZEUS-HLONS (HMMWV Laser Ordnance Neutralization System)

Physics Encyclopedia



Hellenica World - Scientific Library

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