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Quantum hadrodynamics is an effective field theory pertaining to interactions between hadrons, that is, hadron-hadron interactions or the inter-hadron force. It is "a framework for describing the nuclear many-body problem as a relativistic system of baryons and mesons".[1] Quantum hadrodynamics is closely related and partly derived from quantum chromodynamics, which is the theory of interactions between quarks and gluons that bind them together to form hadrons, via the strong force.

An important phenomenon in quantum hadrodynamics is the nuclear force, or residual strong force. It is the force operating between those hadrons which are nucleons – protons and neutrons – as it binds them together to form the atomic nucleus. The bosons which mediate the nuclear force are three types of mesons: pions, rho mesons and omega mesons. Since mesons are themselves hadrons, quantum hadrodynamics also deals with the interaction between the carriers of the nuclear force itself, alongside the nucleons bound by it. The hadrodynamic force keeps nuclei bound, against the electrodynamic force which operates to break them apart (due to the mutual repulsion between protons in the nucleus).

Quantum hadrodynamics, dealing with the nuclear force and its mediating mesons, can be compared to other quantum field theories which describe fundamental forces and their associated bosons: quantum chromodynamics, dealing with the strong interaction and gluons; quantum electrodynamics, dealing with electromagnetism and photons; quantum flavordynamics, dealing with the weak interaction and W and Z bosons.
See also

Atomic nucleus
Hadron
Nuclear force
Quantum chromodynamics and strong interaction
Quantum electrodynamics and electromagnetism
Quantum flavordynamics and weak interaction

References

Serot, Brian D.; Walecka, John Dirk (1997). "Recent Progress in Quantum Hadrodynamics". International Journal of Modern Physics E. 06 (4): 515–631. arXiv:nucl-th/9701058. Bibcode:1997IJMPE...6..515S. doi:10.1142/S0218301397000299. S2CID 119417340.

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Quantum field theories
Standard
Theories

Chern–Simons Conformal field theory Ginzburg–Landau Kondo effect Local QFT Noncommutative QFT Quantum Yang–Mills Quartic interaction sine-Gordon String theory Toda field Topological QFT Yang–Mills Yang–Mills–Higgs

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Chiral Non-linear sigma Schwinger Standard Model Thirring–Wess Wess–Zumino Wess–Zumino–Witten Yukawa

Four-fermion interactions

Theories

BCS theory Fermi's interaction Luttinger liquid Top quark condensate

Models

Gross–Neveu Hubbard Nambu–Jona-Lasinio Thirring Thirring–Wess

Related

History Axiomatic QFT Loop quantum gravity Loop quantum cosmology QFT in curved spacetime Quantum chaos Quantum chromodynamics Quantum dynamics Quantum electrodynamics
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links Quantum hadrodynamics Quantum hydrodynamics Quantum information Quantum information science
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