Marinus (Ancient Greek: Μαρῖνος ὁ Νεαπολίτης; born c. 440 AD) was a Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician and rhetorician[1] born in Flavia Neapolis (modern Nablus), Palestine. He was a student of Proclus in Athens. His surviving works are an introduction to Euclid's Data; a Life of Proclus, and two astronomical texts. Most of what we know of his life comes from an epitome of a work by Damascius conserved in the Byzantine Suda encyclopedia.[2]

Life

He was, according to his pupil Damascius, born a Samaritan,[3][a] though some uncertainty remains about this attribution of his ethnicity.[4] Damascius also adds that he had converted from Samaritanism.[5]

He came to Athens at a time when, with the exception of Proclus, there was a great dearth of eminent men in the Neoplatonist school. He was appointed as successor (diadochos) to Proclus, sometime before the latter's death, during the period of the teacher's infirmity. Proclus himself, it is reported, worried that Marinus himself was of delicate constitution.[6] During this period, the professors of the old Greek religion suffered persecution at the hands of the Christians and Marinus was compelled to seek refuge at Epidaurus, where he died, at a date unknown.[4]

Works

Only a remnant of his output survives.[7] His chief surviving work was a biography of Proclus since it is the main source of information on Proclus' life. This was written in a combination of prose and epic hexameters, of which only the former survives.[4]

The publication of the biography is fixed by internal evidence to the year of Proclus's death; for he mentions an eclipse which will happen when the first year after that event is completed. It was first published with the works of Marcus Aurelius in 1559; it was republished separately by Fabricius at Hamburg in 1700, and re-edited in 1814 by Boissonade with emendations and notes.[8] He is also the author of a commentary (or introduction) on the Data of Euclid, and a commentary on Theon's Little Commentary.[9] There is also a surviving astronomical text which discusses the Milky Way.[9]

His lost works included commentaries on Aristotle and on the Philebus of Plato. He destroyed his commentary on the Philebus on the advice of a pupil he was tutoring, Isidorus.[4] According to a version of the story written by Damascius, when Marinus showed his student, to whom he taught Aristotelianism,[10] this commentary, which he had just completed, Isidorus prevailed on him to destroy it, arguing that since the 'divine' Proclus had himself written a definitive commentary which was the final word on the topic.[11] Current scholarship suspects that this advice arose from fears that Marinus's commentary would, despite his best efforts, betray traces of material that might undermine the reigning Neoplatonic paradigm.[11]

Notes

'He says that the successor of Proclus, Marinus, came from Neapolis in Palestine, a city situated near the mountain called Argarizon Then the impious writer uttered the blasphemy that on this mountain there is a most holy sanctuary of Zeus the Highest, to whom Abraham the father of the old Hebrew consecrated himself'. Vita Isadori, 141. (Mor 2016, p. 376)

Citations

Edwards 2000, p. 55, n.3.

Edwards 2000, p. 55.

Luz 2017, p. 150.

Edwards 2016, p. 1.

Edwards 2000, p. 55,n.2.

Edwards 2000, p. 56, n.7.

Edwards 2016.

Wagner 1840, pp. 204–205.

MacTutor Biography.

Edwards 2000, p. 56.

Trust 2014, p. 133.

Sources

Damascius (1999). Athanassiadi, Polymnia (ed.). Damaskios: The philosophical history: text with translation and notes. Apamea Cultural Association. ISBN 978-9-608-53252-6.

Edwards, Mark (2000). Neoplatonic Saints: The Lives of Plotinus and Proclus by Their Students. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 978-0-853-23615-3.

Edwards, Mark (12 December 2016). "Marinus of Neapolis". In Bagnall, Roger S.; Brodersen, Kai; Champion, Craige B.; Erskine, Andrew; Huebner, Sabine R. (eds.). The Encyclopedia of Ancient History. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 1–2. doi:10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah30133. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.

Luz, Menahem (2017). "Marinus' Abrahamic Notions of the Soul and One". In Layne, Danielle; Butorac, David D. (eds.). Proclus and his Legacy. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 145–161. ISBN 978-3-110-47162-5.

Mor, Menahem (2016). The Second Jewish Revolt: The Bar Kokhba War, 132-136 CE. BRILL. ISBN 978-9-004-31463-4.

O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F. "Marinus of Neapolis". MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. University of St Andrews. Retrieved 22 November 2008..

Trust, Salomon Bochner (2014). Role of Mathematics in the Rise of Science. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-1-400-85282-6.

Wagner, Friedrich Wilhelm (1840). Grundriss der classischen Bibliographie (in German). G. P. Aderholz.

vte

Platonists

Academic

Old

Plato Aristotle Eudoxus Philip of Opus Aristonymus Coriscus and Erastus of Scepsis Demetrius of Amphipolis Euaeon of Lampsacus Heraclides and Python of Aenus Hestiaeus of Perinthus Lastheneia of Mantinea Timolaus of Cyzicus Speusippus Axiothea of Phlius Heraclides Ponticus Menedemus of Pyrrha Xenocrates Crantor Polemon Crates of Athens

Skeptic

Middle

Arcesilaus Diocles of Cnidus Lacydes Telecles and Evander Hegesinus

New

Carneades Hagnon of Tarsus Metrodorus of Stratonicea Clitomachus Charmadas Aeschines of Neapolis Philo of Larissa Cicero Dio of Alexandria

Middle Platonist

Antiochus Philo of Alexandria Plutarch Justin Martyr Gaius Albinus Alcinous Apuleius Atticus Maximus of Tyre Numenius of Apamea Longinus Clement of Alexandria Origen the Pagan Calcidius

Neoplatonist

Ancient

Ammonius Saccas Plotinus

Disciples Origen Amelius Porphyry Iamblichus Sopater Eustathius of Cappadocia Sosipatra Aedesius Dexippus Chrysanthius Theodorus of Asine Julian Sallustius Maximus of Ephesus Eusebius of Myndus Priscus of Epirus Antoninus Gregory of Nyssa Hypatia Gaius Marius Victorinus Augustine Macrobius

Academy

Plutarch of Athens Asclepigenia Hierocles Syrianus Hermias Aedesia Proclus Ammonius Hermiae Asclepiodotus Hegias Zenodotus Marinus Agapius Isidore Damascius Simplicius Priscian

Medieval

Boethius John Philoponus Olympiodorus Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite John Scotus Eriugena

Islamic Golden Age

Al-Farabi

Anselm Peter Abelard

Chartres

Bernard Gilbert Thierry

Henry of Ghent Bonaventure Theodoric of Freiberg Meister Eckhart Berthold of Moosburg Paul of Venice

Modern

Renaissance

Florentine Academy

Plethon Marsilio Ficino Cristoforo Landino Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

Cambridge

Ralph Cudworth Henry More Anne Conway

Petrus Ramus Giordano Bruno Blaise Pascal Emanuel Swedenborg

German idealist

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Christian Wolff Moses Mendelssohn Immanuel Kant Johann Gottlieb Fichte Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling Arthur Schopenhauer G. W. F. Hegel Hermann Lotze Otto Weininger

Thomas Taylor Ralph Waldo Emerson Josiah Royce Søren Kierkegaard Henri Bergson Aleksei Losev

Contemporary

Analytic

Gottlob Frege G. E. Moore Kurt Gödel Alonzo Church Roderick Chisholm Michael Dummett W. V. O. Quine David Kaplan Saul Kripke Alvin Plantinga Peter van Inwagen Nicholas Wolterstorff Crispin Wright Edward N. Zalta

Continental

Edmund Husserl Roman Ingarden Leo Strauss

Miscellaneous

Philip K. Dick Joseph Ratzinger Bernard Bolzano

----

Ancient Greek and Hellenistic mathematics (Euclidean geometry)

Mathematicians

(timeline)

Anaxagoras Anthemius Archytas Aristaeus the Elder Aristarchus Apollonius Archimedes Autolycus Bion Bryson Callippus Carpus Chrysippus Cleomedes Conon Ctesibius Democritus Dicaearchus Diocles Diophantus Dinostratus Dionysodorus Domninus Eratosthenes Eudemus Euclid Eudoxus Eutocius Geminus Heliodorus Heron Hipparchus Hippasus Hippias Hippocrates Hypatia Hypsicles Isidore of Miletus Leon Marinus Menaechmus Menelaus Metrodorus Nicomachus Nicomedes Nicoteles Oenopides Pappus Perseus Philolaus Philon Philonides Porphyry Posidonius Proclus Ptolemy Pythagoras Serenus Simplicius Sosigenes Sporus Thales Theaetetus Theano Theodorus Theodosius Theon of Alexandria Theon of Smyrna Thymaridas Xenocrates Zeno of Elea Zeno of Sidon Zenodorus

Treatises

Almagest Archimedes Palimpsest Arithmetica Conics (Apollonius) Catoptrics Data (Euclid) Elements (Euclid) Measurement of a Circle On Conoids and Spheroids On the Sizes and Distances (Aristarchus) On Sizes and Distances (Hipparchus) On the Moving Sphere (Autolycus) Euclid's Optics On Spirals On the Sphere and Cylinder Ostomachion Planisphaerium Sphaerics The Quadrature of the Parabola The Sand Reckoner

Problems

Angle trisection Doubling the cube Squaring the circle Problem of Apollonius

Concepts/definitions

Circles of Apollonius

Apollonian circles Apollonian gasket Circumscribed circle Commensurability Diophantine equation Doctrine of proportionality Golden ratio Greek numerals Incircle and excircles of a triangle Method of exhaustion Parallel postulate Platonic solid Lune of Hippocrates Quadratrix of Hippias Regular polygon Straightedge and compass construction Triangle center

Results

In Elements

Angle bisector theorem Exterior angle theorem Euclidean algorithm Euclid's theorem Geometric mean theorem Greek geometric algebra Hinge theorem Inscribed angle theorem Intercept theorem Pons asinorum Pythagorean theorem Thales's theorem Theorem of the gnomon

Apollonius

Apollonius's theorem

Other

Aristarchus's inequality Crossbar theorem Heron's formula Irrational numbers Menelaus's theorem Pappus's area theorem Problem II.8 of Arithmetica Ptolemy's inequality Ptolemy's table of chords Ptolemy's theorem Spiral of Theodorus

Centers

Cyrene Library of Alexandria Platonic Academy

Other

Ancient Greek astronomy Greek numerals Latin translations of the 12th century Neusis construction

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Ancient Greece
Science, Technology , Medicine , Warfare, , Biographies , Life , Cities/Places/Maps , Arts , Literature , Philosophy ,Olympics, Mythology , History , Images
Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History
Cities, Islands, Regions, Fauna/Flora ,Biographies , History , Warfare, Science/Technology, Literature, Music , Arts , Film/Actors , Sport , Fashion --- |