Eta (upper case Η, lower case η) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet. In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 8. The letter was pronounced like English long A (long E in most Continential European languages) in Ancient Greek.
Eta is sometimes used in place of eng (ŋ) when eng is not available, because of their similar appearance.
The upper-case letter Η is used as a symbol for:
- In textual criticism, the Alexandrian text-type (from Hesychius, its once-supposed editor).
- In chemistry, enthalpy.
The lower-case letter η is used as a symbol for:
- In thermodynamics, the efficiency of a Carnot heat engine.
- In chemistry, the number of electrons shared between a metal center and a ligand in a coordination compound. For example, an allyl group can coordinate to palladium in the η¹ mode or the η³ mode.
- In physics, the refractive index of an optical medium (although the letter n is used when Greek symbols are unavailable).
- In statistics, η2 is the "partial regression coefficient".
- In astronomy, the seventh brightest (usually) star in a constellation. See Bayer designation.
- In experimental particle physics, η stands for pseudorapidity
|Α α Alpha||Β β Beta||Γ γ Gamma|
|Δ δ Delta||Ε ε Epsilon||Ζ ζ Zeta|
|Η η Eta||Θ θ Theta||Ι ι Iota|
|Κ κ Kappa||Λ λ Lambda||Μ μ Mu|
|Ν ν Nu||Ξ ξ Xi||Ο ο Omicron|
|Π π Pi||Ρ ρ Rho||Σ σ Sigma|
|Τ τ Tau||Υ υ Upsilon||Φ φ Phi|
|Χ χ Chi||Ψ ψ Psi||Ω ω Omega|
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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