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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

  • Kalitsaina (Καλίτσαινα) Messinia
  • Kalitsaina [4], formerly referred to as Kallitzaina or Kallistaina, is a small semi-mountainous settlement near Avlona and belongs administratively to the Municipality of Trifylia, in the Prefecture of Messinia.

    Location

    Kalitsaina is located about 26 km northeast of Kyparissia and about 2.5 km northeast of Avlona. It has an altitude of 419 [1] [5] meters and is about 17 kilometers off the coast of the Ionian Sea. Kalitsaina is further north than Sidirokastro, which is about 7.5 km away. It is also located near the villages of Platania to its northeast and Kefalovrysi to its southeast, from which it is about 3.5 and 7.5 km respectively.

    History

    The village has a long history that follows the history of Trifylia and the wider area of ​​Avlona. In Venetian times it was referred to as Calciena. The settlement is also mentioned in various censuses of the Venetian Providers of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, which took place during the thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. The village of Calciena (Calciena), belonged, in 1689, to the province of Arcadia (or Arcadia, that is, the area of ​​present-day Kyparissia), which was one of the 4 provinces in which the Methoni district was then divided (Fanari province, province). Arcadia, Navarino province and Methoni province). [6] He also referred to various references to the names Kallitsaina or Kallitzaina or Kallistaina or Kalitsena. Kallitsaina was originally annexed to the old Municipality of Avlonos in 1835. [7] [8] [9] The village is mentioned, in 1853, also as Kalitsena in the second volume of the "Greek" by Iakovos Rizos Ragavis, as a village of the Municipality of Avlonos of the Province of Trifylia with a population of 109 inhabitants, based on the census of 1851. [10] The seat of the Municipality of Avlonos at that time, based on the same source, was the village of Sidirokastro. In 1899 the village was moved from the prefecture of Messinia and belonged to the prefecture of Trifylia, [11] for about a decade, until 1909, when it returned to the prefecture of Messinia, [12] as a settlement of the province of Trifylia. During the years in the official name of the village there were several minor changes: From 1879 to 1896 the village was officially referred to as Kallitzaina, from 1896 to 1907 it was referred to as Kallitsaina, from 1907 to 1912 it was referred to as Kalistaina and from 1912 until 1940 it is officially referred to as Kallistaina. In 1912, Kallistaina together with Sklaveika (Pteri) were annexed to the Community of Karamustafa, [13] [14] in which Karamustafas (Avlon) became the seat. In 1916, Troukaki (Panorama) was annexed to this community, while in 1922 Karamustafas and his community were renamed Avlon and Avlonos Community respectively. From 1940 until today the village is officially referred to as Kalitsaina. In 1948 [15] Kalitsaina seceded from the Avlonos Community and was appointed seat of the newly formed Kalitsaini Community. [16] The village remained the seat of the homonymous community, from 1948 to 1997, when, as part of the changes that took place in the local government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, Kalitsaina came under the abolished Municipality of Avlona, ​​Messinia, [17] [18] until 2010. From 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, Kalitsaina now belongs to the new Municipality of Trifylia. [19] [4] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the merger of the pre-existing municipalities of Aetos, Avlonos, Gargaliana, Kyparissia, Filiatra and the community of Tripyla. Today, Kalitsaina is the seat and the only settlement of the Local Community of Kalitsaini of the Municipality of Trifylia. [4]

    Residents

    The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 13 permanent residents, who are mainly employed in various agricultural tasks.
    Population Development of Kalitsa Messinia Census Population Development Chart of Population
    1689 50 [6]
    1844 128 [20]
    1851 109 [10]
    1879 153 [21] [6]
    1889 143 [22]
    1896 152 [23]
    1907 167 [24]
    1920 149 [25]
    1928 133 [26]
    1940 164 [27]
    1951 137 [28]
    1961 128 [29]
    1971 81 [30]
    1981 119 [31]
    1991 101 [32]
    2001 59 [33]
    2011 13 [34]

    Buildings - events

    In addition to the traditional houses, there is the small church of the village, the Holy Temple of Agios Panteleimonos, which belongs to the Holy Diocese of Trifylia and Olympia and is celebrated on July 27, with a folk festival, organized by the "Progressive Association of Kalitsaini". The inhabitants of the village, the Kalitsanoi, have also revived the custom of pork, during which the conversion of pork into salted is done.

    See also

    Kyparissia
    Avlonas
    Municipality of Trifylia
    Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
    Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
    former Municipality of Avlona, ​​Messinia


    References

    Kalitsaina, from the website: buk.gr
    Postal Code of Kalitsaina, Messinia.
    Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Kyparissia: 27610
    5) Post Code Kalitsainis: Kalitsaina, from the website: www.dimostrifylias.gr of the Municipality of Trifylia.
    Kefalovrisi, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
    Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetian Archive 2015-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Volume 2 Archived 2017-11-06 at the Wayback Machine. Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina, Census 1689, No. 99 Calciena - Census 1879, No. 99 Kallitzaina, pp. 704-705.
    21-04-1835.
    Administrative Changes of Settlements> Kallistaina (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
    Residential Changes> D. Avlonos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
    Iakovou R. Ragavi, Ta Ellinika, En Athinais, 1853, volume two, p. 582.
    Government Gazette 136A - 08/07/1899.
    Government Gazette 282A - 04/12/1909.
    Government Gazette 262A - 31/08/1912.
    Residential Changes of Settlements K. Karamustafas (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
    Government Gazette 79A - 31/03/1948.
    Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Kalitsainis (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
    Settlement Administrative Changes> D. Avlona (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
    Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
    Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
    Stamatakis, I. D., "Geographical Table of Greece, Containing the Names, Distances and Population of the Municipalities, Towns of Cities and Villages. / Dissolved from various official documents of the Northern Government, and published under I. D. Stamataki" . From the Printing House of G. Vlassaridou. In Athens 1846, p. 40.
    Ministry of Interior, "Statistics of Greece - Population 1879, from the Printing House of S. K. Vlastou, In Athens 1881. Also:" Statistics of Greece - Population 1879 ", p. 124.
    Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistics of Greece - Population - Census of 15-16 April 1889", Part Two - Tables A ', from the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1890, p. 90.
    Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistical Results of the Population Census, on October 5-6, 1896", Part Two - Tables - First Population by Prefectures, Province, Municipalities, by the National Printing Office and Lithography Office, Athens 1897, p. 106.
    Ministry of Interior, Census Service, Statistical Results of the General Census of the Population, on October 27, 1907 ", Edited by: Georgiou Chomatianou, volume two, from the Printing House of Michael Nikolaidou, In Athens 1909, p. 395.
    Ministry of National Economy, Directorate of Statistics, "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1921. Also: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", p. 238.
    Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928", p. 278.
    Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the census of October 16, 1940". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 306.
    National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: “Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. ", p. 149.
    National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior No. 46929/6877/1961), from the National Printing Office, in Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 144.
    National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of March 14, 1971 ", p. 140.
    National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 151.
    National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (It was ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of 17 March 1991", p. 183.
    National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 181.

    "Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).

    Sources

    The inventories of the Provocateurs of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, Corner (1689), Grimani (1700) Angelo Emo (perhaps 1708), the undated census of Querini-Stampalia (perhaps 1711), are four of the various Venetian manuscripts. , which were attempted during the period of thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. To date, only the Grimani census has been fully published, by the historical and esteemed director of research of the National Research Foundation (EIE) Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, in his work "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", (1985).
    Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", Series: Studies of Modern Greek History, translation: Christina Agriantoni, edited by: Angeliki Kokkou, published by: Emporiki Bank of Greece - Historical Archive: 1987, Athens 2, 1985.
    Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian Occupation in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.1: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993.
    Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetians", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, volume 2, From the Printing House of the Perri Brothers, In Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina.

    External links

    Municipality of Trifylia, from the website: www.dimostrifylias.gr of the Municipality of Trifylia.
    Progressive Association of Kallitsaina Trifylia.

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