Apamea Ragiana (Greek: Απάμεια) – Apamea Rhagiana, Apamea Raphiana, or Apameia Rhagiane; previously, Arsace, Khuvar, and Choara – was an ancient Hellenistic city of Choarene, Media (formerly Parthia), according to Strabo 500 stadia (ca. 15 km) south of the Caspian Gates, southeast of Rhagae. The city was founded after the Macedonian conquest of Asia. The city is also mentioned by Ammianus Marcellinus (xxiii. 6). The precise location of Apamea is not known, but it is certainly in Iran; the ruins have not been found.
- Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 069103169X), p. 96.
- William Smith, Classical Dictionary, s.v. "Apamea"
- Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, "Apamea", London, (1854)
Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer, "Apamea"
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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