Apamea Myrlea or Apamea Myrleon – Greek: Απάμεια Μυρλεανός, also transliterated as Apameia Myrleanos; formerly Brylleion and Myrlea (Greek: Μύρλεια, also transliterated as Murleia or Myrleia); Latin: Colonia Iulia Concordia; and also recorded as Apamena – was an ancient city on the Sea of Marmara, in Bithynia, Anatolia; the ruins are now found a few km south of Mudanya (Medania, Mutania), Bursa Province in the Asian part of Turkey. Founded by the Colophonians (Pliny v. 32.), in antiquity Apamea was the port of Brusa (now, Bursa). Philip V of Macedon took the town, as it appears, during the war which he carried on against the king of Pergamon, and he gave the place to King Prusias I of Bithynia, his ally. Prusias, who rebuilt the city around 202 BC, renamed the city after his wife, Apama. The place was on the south coast of the Gulf of Cius, and northwest of Brusa. The Romans made Apamea a colony, apparently not earlier than the time of Augustus, or perhaps Julius Caesar, given the name Colonia Iulia Concordia. Pliny the Younger (Ep. x. 56), when governor of Bithynia, asked for the directions of Trajan, as to a claim made by the colonia, not to have their accounts of receipts and expenditures examined by the Roman governor. From a passage of Ulpian (Dig. 50. tit. 15. s. 11) we learn the form Apamena: est in Bithynia colonia Apamena. [p. 153] Apamea minted its own coins in antiquity: coins of the period before the Roman dominion have the epigraph Apameôn Murleanôn; the epigraph on the coins of the Roman period contains the title Julia.
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
- Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 069103169X), p. 52.
- Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, "Apameia", London, (1854)
- William Smith, Classical Dictionary, s.v. "Apamea", "Myrlea"
- Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Apameia
Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer, "Apamea"
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography by William Smith (1857).
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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