In Greek mythology, Procris was the daughter of Erechtheus of Athens and wife of Cephalus. Procis had two sisters, Creusa and Orithyia.

The goddess of the dawn, Eos (Aurora to the Romans) kidnapped Cephalus when he was hunting, but although the two had a relationship for some time and had three children together, Cephalus then began to pine for Procris. A disgruntled Eos returned Cephalus to his wife - and put a curse on them.

Procris had come into possession of a magical javelin, given by Artemis that never missed its prey, as well as a hunting hound who always caught its prey. The hound met its end chasing a fox which could not be caught, and they both turned into stone. But the javelin was used by Cephalus while hunting.

Cephalus sat by a tree one day, hot after hunting, and sang a little hymn to the wind (Aura). A passerby heard him and thought he was serenading a lover. Procris found out and the next day went out to find him. As he sat singing the same hymn, she thought he was singing to Aurora (Eos) and moved. Cephalus threw the javelin of Artemis into the brush, thinking the noise was an animal, and killed her. As she lay dying in her arms, she told him "On our wedding vows, please never marry Aurora". Cephalus went into exile.

Cephalus accidentally killed Procris some time later after he mistook her for an animal while hunting; Procris, a jealous wife, was spying on him. Cephalus was exiled for the death of his wife.

The Death Of Procris Print by Piero di Cosimo

The Death of Procris, Piero di Cosimo

Procris Prayer To Diana Print by Bernardino Luini

Procris Prayer to Diana, Bernardino Luini

Procris And The Unicorn Print by Bernardino Luini

Procris and the Unicorn, Bernardino Luini

Procris Pierced By Cephalus Javelin Print by Bernardino Luini

Procris Pierced by Cephalus Javelin, Bernardino Luini

Forest Landscape With Cephalus And Procris Print by Denis van Alsloot

Forest Landscape with Cephalus and Procris, Denis van Alsloot

Cephalus And Procris Print by Peeter Simons

Cephalus and Procris, Peeter Simons

Cephalus With Procris And Cupid Print by Angelica Kauffmann

Cephalus with Procris and Cupid, Angelica Kauffmann

The Death Of Procris Print by Benjamin West

The Death of Procris, Benjamin West

Landscape With Cephalus And Procris Reunited By Diana Print by Claude Lorrain

Landscape with Cephalus and Procris reunited by Diana, Claude Lorrain

Cephalus And Procris Print by Peter Paul Rubens

Cephalus and Procris, Peter Paul Rubens

Cephalus And Procris Print by Godfried Schalcken

Cephalus and Procris, Godfried Schalcken

Greek Mythology

Cephalus, Procris and Artemis (Diana) 1635/36, Claude Lorrain (1600-1682)

Bernardino Luini:

Céphale et Procris, Jean-Honoré Fragonard 1750/5

Procris and Cephalus, John Roddam Spencer Stanhope

E.T.A. Hoffmann (1776-1822). Aurora. Opera based on the legend of Cephalus and Procris

Greek Mythology

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