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Laodamas (/leɪˈɒdəməs/; Ancient Greek: Λᾱοδάμᾱς,[1] Lāodámās, literally "tamer of the people") refers to five different people in Greek mythology.

Laodamas, son of Eteocles, inherited Thebes from his father.[2] In one version of the myth (different from the one recounted in Sophocles' Antigone), he was responsible for the deaths of his aunts Antigone and Ismene, whom he prosecuted for having buried Polynices. They sought refuge in the temple of Hera, but Laodamas set fire to it and thus killed them.[3] During the battle of the Epigoni, he was killed by Alcmaeon after he killed Aegialeus.[4] Other sources state that he survived and fled to the Encheleans in Illyria,[2][5] and subsequently led an expedition to Thessaly.[6]
Laodamas, son of Alcinous and Arete of the Phaecians. Alcinous gives Odysseus Laodamas's chair, "whence he bade his son give place, valiant Laodamas, who sat next him and was his dearest".[7] He is the most handsome of the Phaeacians, and the best boxer in the games held in Odysseus's honor. He and his brothers Halius and Clytoneus are also the winners of the foot-racing contest.[8] Laodamas asks Odysseus to join in the games. After Odysseus is rebuked by Euryalus, he challenges any of the Phaeacians save Laodamas.[9] Laodamas and Halius are the best dancers among the Phaeacians.[10][11]
Laodamas, son of Antenor and Theano. He was a Trojan warrior killed by Ajax.[12]
Laodamas, a Lycian killed by Neoptolemus during the Trojan War.[13]
Laodamas, son of Hector and Andromache and brother of Astyanax.[14][15] Unlike Astyanax, he was spared by the Greeks and stayed by his mother's side.[16]

Trojans

The name Laodamas also refers to three minor characters associated with the Trojan War:

Notes

gen. Λᾱοδάμαντος
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.13
Ion of Chios in Sallustius' argumentum of Sophocles' Antigone
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.7.3
Herodotus, Histories 5.61.1
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.8.6
Homer, Odyssey 7.170
Homer, Odyssey 8.119-120
Homer, Odyssey 8.130-210
Homer, Odyssey 8.370
Butcher, SH and Lang, A: The Odyssey of Homer, Project Gutenberg
Homer, Iliad 15.516-517
Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomerica 11.20
Dictys Cretensis, Trojan War Chronicle 3.20
Tzetzes, Homerica 319

Dictys Cretensis, Trojan War Chronicle 6.12

References

Dictys Cretensis, from The Trojan War. The Chronicles of Dictys of Crete and Dares the Phrygian translated by Richard McIlwaine Frazer, Jr. (1931-). Indiana University Press. 1966. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
Herodotus, The Histories with an English translation by A. D. Godley. Cambridge. Harvard University Press. 1920. ISBN 0-674-99133-8. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Greek text available at Perseus Digital Library.
Homer, The Odyssey with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919. ISBN 978-0674995611. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Fall of Troy translated by Way. A. S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 19. London: William Heinemann, 1913. Online version at theio.com
Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Fall of Troy. Arthur S. Way. London: William Heinemann; New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 1913. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Creon Mythical King of Thebes Succeeded by
Thersander

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Kings of Thebes
Kings

Calydnus Ogyges Cadmus Pentheus Polydorus Nycteus (regent for Labdacus) and Lycus I (regent for Labdacus) Labdacus Lycus I (regent for Laius) Laius Amphion and Zethus Laius (second rule) Creon Oedipus Creon (second rule) (regent for Eteocles and Polynices) Polynices and Eteocles Creon (third rule) (regent for Laodamas) Lycus II (usurper) Laodamas Thersander Peneleos (regent for Tisamenus) Tisamenus Autesion Damasichthon Ptolemy Xanthos

In literature

Antigone (Sophocles) Antigone (Euripides play) The Bacchae Herakles Iliad Oedipus Oedipus at Colonus Oedipus Rex The Phoenician Women Seven Against Thebes The Thebans

Related articles

Thebes Necklace of Harmonia

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Characters in the Odyssey
House of Odysseus

Penelope (wife) Telemachus (son) Ctimene (sister) Anticlea (mother) Laërtes (father) Autolycus (grandfather) Eurycleia (chief servant) Mentor (advisor) Phemius (musician) Eumaeus (swineherd) Philoetius (cowherd) Melanthius (goatherd) Melantho (maid) Argos (pet-dog)

Monarchs and royals

Alcinous of Phaeacia Arete of Phaeacia Nestor of Pylos Menelaus of Sparta Helen Princess Nausicaa of Phaeacia Agamemnon of Mycenae

Gods

Aeolus (wind god) Athena Apollo Artemis Atlas Calypso Circe Helios Hermes Poseidon Zeus Oceanus Old Man of the Sea

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Achilles Ajax Amphimedon Anticlus Antiphates Antiphus Aretus Cyclopes Demodocus Demoptolemus Deucalion Dolius Echephron Echetus Elpenor Eupeithes Euryalus Eurylochus Halitherses Heracles Idomeneus Irus Kikonians Laodamas Laestrygones Medon Mentes Mesaulius Peisistratus Perimedes Perseus Polites Polydamna Polyphemus Scylla and Charybdis Sirens Stratichus Suitors of Penelope Tiresias Theoclymenus Thrasymedes

Suitors

Agelaus Amphinomus Antinous Ctesippus Eurymachus Leodes

Greek Mythology

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