In Argos, by the side of this monument of the Gorgon, is the grave of Gorgophone (Gorgon-kilIer), the daughter of Perseus. As soon as you hear the name you can understand the reason why it was given her. On the death of her husband, Perieres, the son of Aeolus, whom she married when a virgin, she married Oebalus, being the first woman, they say, to marry a second time; for before this wives were wont, on the death of their husbands, to live as widows. Pausanias, Description of Hellas

In Greek mythology, Gorgophone (Ancient Greek: Γοργοφόνη) was a queen of Messenia and Sparta. Her name means "Gorgon Slayer", a tribute to her father Perseus who killed Medusa, the mortal Gorgon.

Gorgophone as one of the Perseids, was the daughter of Perseus and Andromeda.[1] She was the sister of Perses, Alcaeus, Heleus, Mestor, Sthenelus of Mycenae, Electryon, Cynurus and Autochthe.

Gorgophone was a prominent figure in the mythical history of Sparta, having been married to two kings, Oebalus of Laconia and Perieres of Messenia, and being considered the first woman to have married twice.[2] After the death of her first husband Perieres by whom she had sons, Aphareus, Leucippus, Tyndareus, Icarius and possibly Pisus, Gorgophone took Oebalus as her second spouse and by him she begat a daughter Arene and some say, of Tyndareus also.[3]

Perseus' descendants played a central role in the Homeric epics and the legendary pre-history of Greece through Gorgophone's children, Tyndareus who became the mortal father of Helen of Troy, Clytemnestra, Castor and Pollux, Timandra, and Phoebe and another son Icarius, father of Odysseus's wife; Penelope. Gorgophone was said to be buried in Argos.[2]

Comparative table of Gorgophone's family
Relation Names Sources
Apollodorus Pausanias Tzetzes
Parents Perseus and Andromeda
Husband Perieres
Children Aphareus
Pisus (possibly)


Ancient Greece portal Myths portal

Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, Book 2.4.5
Pausanias. Description of Greece, 2.21.7

Compare: Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, Book 1.9.5 & 3.10.3 with Pausanias. Description of Greece, 3.1.4 & 4.2.4


Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921.
Pausanias. Description of Greece, with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918.

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