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In Greek mythology, Euryganeia (Ancient Greek: Εὐρυγάνεια, Eurygáneia) was a Theban queen.

Family

Euryganeia was either a daughter of Hyperphas,[1][2] and thus, sister to Euryanassa.[3] In some sources, she was described as Jocasta's sister, which would make her Oedipus' aunt.[4] Euryganeia was occasionally named as Oedipus' second wife and the mother of his children, Polynices, Eteocles, Ismene and Antigone.[5] According to Pausanias, the statement at Odyssey 11.274—that the gods soon made the incestuous marriage between Oedipus and his mother Jocasta known—is incompatible with her bearing four children to him.[6] The geographer cites the Oedipodeia as evidence for the fact that Euryganeia was actually the mother of Oedipus' brood.[7] Pherecydes, on the other hand, attributed two sons (named Phrastor and Laonytus) to the marriage of Jocasta and Oedipus, but agreed that the more famous foursome were the children of Euryganeia.[8]

Mythology

There was a painting of Euryganeia at Plataea in which she was depicted as mournful because of the strife between her children.[9] Following Euryganeia's death, Oedipus married Astymedusa, who plotted against her stepsons.[10][11]

Pausanias :

But the mother of these children was Euryganeia, daughter of Hyperphas. Among the proofs of this are the words of the author of the poem called the Oedipodia; and moreover, Onasias painted a picture at Plataea of Euryganeia bowed with grief because of the fight between her children

See also

List of Greek mythological figures

Notes

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.5.8
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.11
Scholia on Homer, Odyssey 11.326 = Hesiod, fr. 62 (Loeb edition, 1914)
Anonymous authors cited by the scholia to Euripides, Phoenissae 53
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.5.8; cf. Watson (1994, p. 237).
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.10
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.11; this is Oedipodeia fr. 2 in West (2003).
Pherecydes, FGrHist 3 F 48, quoted by the scholia to Euripides, Phoenissae 53.
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.11
The Scholia to Iliad 4.376 places the union following Oedipus' discovery that Jocasta was his mother; the marriage took place following Euryganeia's death according to the scholia to Euripides, Phoenissae 53 (citing Pherecydes, FGrHist 3 F 48).

Eustathius on Homer, Iliad 4.376–81 (vol. i, p. 767) .

References

Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.

Bibliography

Watson, P.A. (1994), Ancient Stepmothers: Myth, Misogyny and Reality, Leiden, ISBN 9004101764.
West, M.L. (2003), Greek Epic Fragments, Loeb Classical Library, no. 497, Cambridge, MA, ISBN 0-674-99605-4.

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Oedipus
Titles and lineage

Theban kings in Greek mythology Laius (biological father) Polybus of Corinth (adoptive father) Merope (adoptive mother) Jocasta/Epicaste (biological mother/wife) Creon (Jocasta's brother/Laius' successor) Antigone (half sister/daughter) Eteocles (half brother/son) Polynices (half brother/son) Ismene (half sister/daughter) Euryganeia (2nd wife) Astymedusa (later wife)

Theban plays
Antiquity

Aeschylus:
Seven Against Thebes Sophocles:
Antigone Oedipus Rex Oedipus at Colonus Euripides:
Antigone Oedipus The Phoenician Women Seneca:
Oedipus

Other (Oedipus)

Oedipus (Dryden & Lee) Oedipus (Voltaire) The Infernal Machine Greek The Gospel at Colonus

Other (Antigone)

Antigone (Cocteau) Antigone (Anouilh) The Burial at Thebes

Operas

Antigona (Mysliveček) Antigona (Traetta) Œdipe à Colone Oedipus rex Œdipe Greek

Films

Oedipus Rex (1957) Antigone (1961) Oedipus Rex (1967) Oedipus the King (1968) Funeral Parade of Roses (1969) Night Warning (1982) Voyager (1991) Oedipus Mayor (1996)

Other works

Oedipodea Thebaid Theban Cycle Lille Stesichorus The Gods Are Not to Blame Oedipus Tex

Related

Oedipus complex Electra complex Feminism and the Oedipus complex Hamlet and Oedipus Jocasta complex Phaedra complex

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