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Administrative Region : Crete
Regional unit : Heraklion

  • Mochos (Μοχός ) Heraklion
  • Mochos is a large settlement in the province of Pediada in the Municipality of Hersonissos, located at an altitude of 400 m at the western end in a fertile but arid lowland area, overgrown with olive groves and vineyards. It is 45.8 km away from Heraklion. The inhabitants are engaged in olive growing and viticulture. The basis of the village's economy is oil. It has a post office, a gendarmerie station (former), a kindergarten, a primary school, a high school, a high school and a rural doctor's office. The football team of Mochos plays in the Cretan group of the 2nd EPSI category.

    M.D. Mochos

    The municipal district of Mohou consists of 2 settlements, Mochos and Stalida. Stalida is a coastal settlement with 987 inhabitants. The total population of the Municipal District is 2,142 inhabitants. It is located at an altitude of 10 meters and was once a port of Mohos, which has been used for tourism. The Mochians etymologize the Mocho sfrom this mycho.

    Cultural elements

    Of the holy temples, it is worth mentioning the two-aisled church of Evangelismos and Agia Paraskevi in ​​the village square, the two-aisled church of Agios Georgios and Agios Savvas and Michael Archangelos. There are about 10 chapels in the area of ​​Mochos. In the center of the village there is a large square, where the Cretan festival takes place on August 15, with Cretan dances, which gathers a large number of visitors, locals and foreigners. On the same day, in a hall of the Municipal Department, which is adapted to an old Cretan calendar, there is an exhibition of craftsmen, weavers, embroidery, knitting, etc.

    Customs

    A custom observed during the days of Halloween in the area is "Xynochontros and mouzoudia" is an event of the cultural association of the village. It is a revival of an old local custom with the cooking of hot sourdough traditional food) and disguise with a muzzle.

    On the 14th and 15th of August, the feast of the Virgin Mary in Moho is celebrated. The celebration began in 1960 under the chairmanship of the Community of Georgios Leventis in collaboration with the Tourist Club of Heraklion, chaired by George Paterakis. In the center of the village in the area of ​​the large tree-lined and paved square, the Cretan festival takes place every year on August 15, with Cretan dances and favorite Cretan artists, which gathers a large number of visitors, locals and foreigners. At the same time, in a hall of the Municipal Department, which is adapted to an old Cretan calendar, there is an exhibition of handicrafts, textiles, embroidery, knitting, etc.

    Historical data

    The etymology of the place name is unknown. In Venetian censuses it is referred to as Mogho, with the first reference being in 1387. In 1583 it had 451 inhabitants (Kastrofylakas, K95). In 1881 it is the seat of the homonymous municipality, with 1299 inhabitants, in 1900 the municipality is renamed Lagados but remains the capital, cat. 1613, in 1920 seat of the homonymous rural municipality, inhabitants 1671, in 1928 inhabitants 1730, in 1940 cat. 1810, in 1951 cat. 1804, in 1961 cat. 1716 and in 1971 cat. 1422.

    The Varnava brothers came from Moho, who acted before the Revolution of 1821. Varnavogiorgis, who was captured by the Turkish navy and taken into his personal guard by Captain Pasha Gazi Hussein, was disobedient to him and fierce, hard dictator of Moho, Ibrahim Mohoglou (P. Fafoutaki, Collection of heroic Cretan songs, 1889, p. 66).


    Bibliography
    Heraklion and its Prefecture, published by Law. Heraklion.
    Municipal unit of Malia

    Municipal unit Malia
    Municipal Community Malia
    Malia (Μάλια, τα)
    Municipal Community Mochos
    Mochos (Μοχός, ο)
    Σταλίς, η
    Community Krasi
    Krasi (Κράσιον, το)

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