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My mind was formed by studying philosophy, Plato and that sort of thing.
Werner Heisenberg

Tom Ypsilantis was one among those who discovered the Antiproton. He contributed to the development of the Ring Image Cherenkov detector, an important device in high energy experimental physics. Samios experimentally provided the first verification of Gell Mann's Quark model. In an experiment among thousand of images of particles formed after the collisions of elementary particles the characteristic decay pattern of the Omega Minus particle was discovered. John Iliopoulos contributed to the development of the standard model. Christofilos invented independently with others the strong focusing principle that allowed to increase the particle beam energy. Without this many discoveries would be impossible. Unfortunately for whatever reason he did not receive the Physics Nobel Prize even if later the prize was given for the stochastic cooling method and the W/Z bosons discovery. Christofilos worked for the US military in projects such as the use of ELF (extremely low frequency waves) for submarine communication that requires gigantic antennas and amount of power to operate. He also had the idea of the use of nuclear explosions in the atmosphere for the production of artificial radiation bellts. An effect of these explosions is the damage of electic/electronic devices over very large areas. He can be considered as the Greek Tesla. Melissinos had the idea of Muon Storage Rings. In the last few decades theoretical physicists developed some theories not yet confirmed. Some are mathematical very complex and not yet in a final form or their experimental verificiation is not possible in the laboratory (with some exceptions as the theory of Dimopoulos and others about extra dimensions and their effect could be detected from gravity experiments). An idea is to confirm the theories from astronomical/astrophysical observations some proposed by various physicists including Nanopoulos, Kalamara and others. Other contributions of Greeks in applied physics (Nicolis, Joannopoulos, Pnevmatikos, etc.) in fields such as statistical physics, solid state physics, chaos theory, etc. Metropolis was one of the authors (including Edward Teller) of one of the most important Monte Carlo papers. The Monte Carlo method is widely used in all fields of science. John (Ioannis) Argyris contributed significantly to the Finite Elements method used to solve engineering , scientific/technological problems.

Niels Bohr, and Werner Heisenberg on the right side with his wife in Greece (Acropolis , Parthenon 1955), Heisenberg's father was a professor of medieval and modern Greek studies at the University of Munich in Germany. Heisenberg had more a “humanistic” education, i.e. more Latin and Greek than in natural sciences.

Nicholas Constantine Metropolis (11.6.1915 – 17.10.1999), Monte Carlo Method, Nicholas Metropolis introduces 1953 the idea of thermodynamic simulated annealing algorithms, Events in Science and Mathematics

Thomas (or Tom) John Ypsilantis (Θωμάς (Τομ) Υψηλάντης) (24.6.1928 Salt Lake City / Utah – 16.8.2000 Geneva / Switzerland), Ring Imaging Cherenkov Detector, Antiproton discovery, high energy physics experiments
Evangelos Anastassakis (1938 - 2000) High Pressure Research, A tribute by Manuel Cardona (PDF File)

Nicholas Samios (Νικόλαος Σάμιος) (1932) Particle Physics, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award 1980 For his leadership in the study of elementary particles, in particular for the discovery of the omega minus hyperon particle and the first charmed baryon

Adrian C. Melissinos (Αδριανός Μελισσηνός) (1929) Experimental High Energy Physics, Idea of muon storage rings (Part of a Proposal for a muon storage ring 1960)

Emmanuel Floratos, http://www.eurasc.org/pascalmedal2004.htm

John Iliopoulos (Ιωάννης Ηλιόπουλος) (1940) Standard Model of Elementary Particles, one of the most important Greek theoretical physicists

Dimitris Christodoulou (Δημήτριος Χριστοδούλου)(19.10.1951 Athens) , Black Holes, Relativity Theory, Otto Hahn Medal (Mathematical Physics), Xanthopoulos Price (General Relativitiy), Zenon Price, a great mathematical physicist

Constantino Tsallis (11.5.1943 Athens) , Statistics, Tsallis Entropy

Savas Dimopoulos , Extra Dimensions Theories (an interesting idea, although not yet confirmed), 2006 J. J. Sakurai Award for his work in advancing theoretical particle physics and 2006 Tomassoni Prize

Ignatios Antoniadis (Ιγνάτιος Αντωνιάδης) Theoretical physics of elementary particles , CNRS Silver Medal Winner for 2000

Emmanuel A. Paschos (Εμμανουήλ Πάσχος) (1940) CP-violation, Lepto- and Baryogenesis, K and B-mesons, Neutrino Physics

Kostas Skenderis (Κώστας Σκεντέρης )

John D Joannopoulos (or Giannopoulos) (26.4.1947 New York) Theoretical condensed matter physics, The MIT Joannopoulos Research Group ,David Adler Award of the American Physical Society, > 400 journal articles, two textbooks on Photonic Crystals, and 20 U.S. patents.

Costas Soukoulis Development of theoretical understanding of the properties of disordered systems, with emphasis on electron and photon localization, photonic band gaps, left handed materials, random lasers, spin glasses, random fields, superconductivity, and the effects of disorder on nonlinear systems. (Info) An Energy 100 Award and Science 100 Award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the photonic bandgap structure that he developed along with Ames Lab senior physicist Kai-Ming Ho and physicist Che-Ting Chan. 2005 Descartes Prize "for developing a new class of artificial meta-materials.. which have the ability to overturn many familiar properties of light."” (Among others included are Prof. Elefherios N. Economou and Dr. Maria Kafesaki, Info) , Κώστας Σουκούλης

Leonidas Resvanis (Λεωνίδας Ρεσβάνης) NESTOR, (large scale experiment in Greece) Neutrino Physics, Image

Erricos C. Pavlis (Ερρίκος Παυλής) a Geophysicist and Geodesist, Space Geodesy Branch, Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, I. Ciufolini and E. C. Pavlis: A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect, Nature, 431, 958 (21 October 2004), See Powerpoint presentation , Εκπλήξεις με... βαρύτητα

Efthimios Kaxiras (Ευθύμιος Καξίρας ) solid state physics, condensed matter

Loukas Christoforou (1937 Pentakomo Cyprus), His research programs cover five decades and deal with Atomic and Molecular Radiation Physics, and Chemical and Electron Physics. His researches on the fundamental interactions of photons, electrons and ions with atoms and molecules have had world wide impact and formed the basis of many technologies, foremost in radiation detection, plasma processing, gaseous dielectrics for energy transmission and distribution, and energy. From www.bioacademy.gr

Gregoire Nicolis, (b. Athens) Thermodynamics, Non-linear theory. Work with Ilya Prigogine (Exploring Complexity, From Dissipative Structures to Order Through Fluctuations.)

Konstantin A. Goulianos

Elias Kiritsis (20.9.1962) String theory , QFT, Cosmology etc. An artistic Theoretical Physicist and an expert of Greek Wines

Dimitris Nanopoulos (Δημήτρης Νανόπουλος)(13.9.1948 Athens) Particle Physics, Cosmology, Biophysics, ranked 4th of the most cited theoretical physicists, Θα μπει τέλος στη λογική της ομαδίτσας

Fotini Markopoulou-Kalamara , cosmology , causal spin networks theory

Maria Spiropulu (Μαρία Σπυροπούλου) Her Official Appreciation Page , In search of extra dimensions , Collider Experiment: Strings, Branes and Extra Dimensions

Michael Tatarakis , Imperial College of Science in London, and his Group produced the strongest magnetic field on Earth (34000 Tesla).

http://www.physics4u.gr A Greek Physics news Website

http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/play/authors/2004/top_5_rank.shtml While Nanopoulos and other are among the first of the topcited list, others now perform better in the number of citations from publications in the last 5 years such as George Papadopoulos with rank 65 and Nanopoulos rank 111.

Some „tragical“ events

Stephanos Pnevmatikos (Στέφανος Πνευματικός) (18.6.1957 Piraeus – 27.11.1990) Chaos Theory killed like Xanthopoulos by a student

Basilis Xanthopoulos (Βασίλης Ξανθόπουλος) (1951 – 27.11.1990) significant work in Astrophysics, Relativity until he was killed


A Stamp with an inscription of Rigas Feraios: Whoever thinks freely, thinks well, from Physikes Apanthisma (A Handbook of Physics), 1790. National Historical Museum, Athens

Theodore Kouyoumzelis (1906 – 4. 10. 2001) Particle and Nuclear Physics (Obituaries) Vice-President of CERN Council from 1972-–1975

G. C. Dousmanis, atomic physics

Πυρηνική» ενέργεια από κουκούτσι ροδάκινου :-)

Interesting Sites:

Historic interviews with some of the key figures in the development of modern physics

Digital Library of Greek Philosophical and Scientific Books and Manuscripts 1600-1821 (Theophilos Korydaleus, Nikolaos Darvaris , Sergios Makraeos , Konstantinos Vardalachos, Rigas Velestinlis: An Anthology of Physics, 1790 )

http://www.worldjumpday.org/ 20 July 2006. Participate in moving the Planet by jumping :-)

It is scarcely an exaggeration to say that even in 1900 the only new idea to Leucippus's theory was that each chemical element was identified with a separate atomic species. David Park, The How and the Why: An Essay on the Origins and Development of Physical Theory. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.
Ancient Greek Physics

What is the sense of human life? he (Anaxagoras) was asked; “to look at the sky, the stars, the moon, the sun,” was his response.
Protrepticus 51,11 = Aristotle, Protrepticus Fr. 11 Ross, and Eudemian Ethics 1216a11 = DK 59 A 30.
Ancient Greek Astronomers and Astronomy

Atmospheric Physics, Meteorology

Christos Zerefos

Nuclear Chemistry/Physics, Solid State Physics, Theoretical and Physical Chemistry

Demetrios G. Sarantites , Nuclear structure at high spins, detectors, 2003 Glenn T. Seaborg award for Nuclear Chemistry "recognizes and encourages research in nuclear and radiochemistry or their applications". (Info)
Nancy Makri
Cleanthes A. Nicolaides (31-12-1946 Athens), Theories of electronic structure and properties of atoms or small molecules. Energy Spectra in the absence or presence of weak or strong EM fields (Info from
Androula Nassiopoulou , Director of IMEL/NCSR Demokritos
Harry C Gatos (1921 Athens) (
Info) NASA's Award for Exceptional Scientific Achievement (1975), Gold Cross of Order of Merit of Polish Republic (1980)1992 International Gallium Arsenide and Related Compounds Award and the Heinrich Welker Gold Medal.


Website about the Doubling Theory of Jean-Pierre Garnier-Malet and Ancient Greeks

http://www.garnier-malet.com/ French http://www.garnier-malet.com/engsite/homepage.htm (English version)

" Δεν είναι λοιπόν πια καιρός για κάτι τέτοιο, ιδίως στην χώρα όπου ζουν οι απόγονοι αυτών των καταπληκτικών γιων του Ηλίου, δημιουργών και μεταδοτών μιας θεμελιώδους συμπαντικής θεωρίας που η επιστήμη μας μόνο τώρα ξανά ανακαλύπτει ; " http://www.metafysiko.gr/epikairotita.php?id=30 (Greek site)

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