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Tiryns (in ancient greek Τίρυνς and in modern Τίρυνθα) is a Mycenaean archeological site in the Greek prefecture of Argolis in the Peloponnese peninsula, some kilometres north of Nauplion.

Tiryns was a hill fort with occupation ranging back seven thousand years, from the beginning of the bronze age. It reached its height between 1400 and 1200 BC. Its most notable features were its palace, its cyclopean tunnels and especially its walls, which gave the city its Homeric epithet of "mighty walled Tiryns". In ancient times, the city was linked to the myths surrounding Heracles. Some sources gave it as his birthplace.

The famous megaron of the palace of Tirynsis has a large reception hall, the main room of which had a throne placed against the right wall and a central hearth bordered by four Minoan-style wooden columns that served as supports for the roof.

The site went into decline at the end of the Mycenaean period, and was completely deserted by the time Pausanias visited in the 2nd century AD. This site was excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876, and is the subject of ongoing excavations.

The Acropolis of Tiryns in the 13th and 12th cent. B.C.

1554 : Terracotta anthropomorphic figurines of the Psi type

1569 : Terracotta anthropomorphic figurines of the Psi type

1609 : Terracotta anthropomorphic figurines of the Psi type

Tiryns Plan [Source] and the casemates of the citadel of Tiryns [Source]

Tiryns was recognized as one of the World Heritage Sites in 1999. Visitors to the site might like to know that the top of the hill has been liberally concreted, giving it a feel of part hill fort and part helicopter landing site

In ancient times, the city was linked to the myths surrounding Heracles, who is called Heracles Tirynthius. Some sources gave it as his birthplace.

According to Mythology Proetus the brother of Acrisius was the founder of Tiryns

Tiryns, Boar Hunt, Fresco, c. 13th century BC

Homer, Iliad, Book 2

Warriors from Argos, fortified Tiryns, Hermione,    
Asine, both with deep bays,- Troezene, Eionae,     
vine-rich Epidaurus, Achaean youth from Aegina, Mases -
all these were led by mighty fighter Diomedes,
skilled in war cries, and by Sthenelus, dear son
of famous Capaneus. 


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Quicktime Virtual Reality: Tiryns
Nic Fields: Mycenaean Citadels c. 1350-1200 BC-, Osprey ISBN 184176762X. Paperback 2004..

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