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Phocylides, Greek gnomic poet of Miletus, contemporary of Theognis, was born about 560 BC.

A few fragments of his "maxims" have survived (chiefly in the Florilegium of Stobaeus), in which he expresses his contempt for the pomps and vanities of rank and wealth, and sets forth in simple language his ideas of honour, justice and wisdom.

Dio Chrysostom:

And this from Phocylides: a city in good order, though small
and built on a distant crag, is mightier than foolish Nineveh.
(Dio Chrysostom, Borystheniticus 13, trans. Colburn)

A complete didactic poem (230 hexameters) bearing the name of Phocylides, is now considered to be the work of an Alexandrian Christian of Jewish origin who lived between 170 BC and AD 50.

The Jewish element is shown in verbal agreement with passages of the Old Testament (especially the book of Sirach); the Christian by the doctrine of the immortality of the soul and the resurrection of the body. Some Jewish authorities, however, maintain that there are in reality no traces of Christan doctrine to be found in the poem, and that the author was a Jew. The poem References

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.

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