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His chronicles were not dissertations to be coldly pondered over and skeptically conned: they were read aloud at solemn festivals to listening thousands; they were to arrest the curiosity - to amuse the impatience - to stir the wonder of a lively and motley crowd. Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Athens: Its Rise and Fall

The Greek researcher and storyteller Herodot or Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Ηρόδοτος) the son of Lyxes and Dryo and the nephew of an epic poet named Panyassis, born between 500-470 BC (probably 485 BC) and died between 429-413 BC, was the world's first historian. In the Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses and Darius the Great, culminating in king Xerxes' expedition in 480 BC against the Greeks, which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. Herodotus' remarkable book also contains ethnographic descriptions of the peoples that the Persians have conquered, fairy tales, gossip, legends. Herodotus wrote the first scientific history (probably between 450 – 430 BC); that is, he began by asking questions, rather than just telling what he thinks he knows. Moreover, these questions were "about things done by men at a determinate time in the past, [and the history itself ] exists in order to tell man what man is by telling him what man has done" (Collingwood 1946).

The Histories of Herodotus

BOOK I. THE FIRST BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED CLIO

BOOK II. THE SECOND BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED EUTERPE

BOOK III. THE THIRD BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED THALEIA

BOOK IV. THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED MELPOMENE

BOOK V. THE FIFTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED TERPSICHORE

BOOK VI. THE SIXTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED ERATO

BOOK VII. THE SEVENTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED POLYMNIA

BOOK VIII. THE EIGHTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED URANIA

BOOK IX. THE NINTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED CALLIOPE

Herodotus the Father of Lies, Notes about Herodotus

My friend Herodotus

Detailed information about Herodotus

Herodotus and Homer

http://herodot.georgehinge.com/hdt4.html Herodotus 4th Book (English – Greek version)

Herodotus' Conception of Foreign Languages

The Herodotus lunar crater

IMAGES

Herodotus Sculpture

Herodotus, Massimo Inv 124478

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