Anyte of Tegea (Ανύτη η Τεγεάτις, (Ανύτη) (fl. early 3rd century BC) was an Arcadian poet, admired by her contemporaries and later generations for her charming epigrams and epitaphs. Antipater of Thessalonica listed her as one of the nine earthly muses.
At least 18 of her epigrams, written in the Doric dialect, survive in the Greek Anthology; an additional six are doubtfully attributed to her. Even so, we have more complete poems by Anyte than any other Greek women, since the nine books of Sappho survive only in fragments.
She was the first to write epitaphs for animals, and one of the first known to write vivid descriptions of untamed nature. The following example (translated by Marilyn B. Skinner) is of a status of Aphrodite, often known as the "Cyprian" because of her origin:
|This is the site of the Cyprian, since it is agreeable to her
to look ever from the mainland upon the bright sea
that she may make the voyage good for sailors. Around her the sea
trembles looking upon her polished image.
|Κύπριδος οὗτος ὁ χῶρος, ἐπεὶ φίλον ἔπλετο τήναι
αἰὲν ἀπ᾽ ἠπείρου λαμπρὸν ὁρῆν πέλαγος,
ὄφρα φίλον ναύτηισι τελῆι πλόον· ἀμφὶ δὲ πόντος
δειμαίνει λιπαρὸν δερκόμενος ζόανον.
is agreeable to her
M. J. Baale, Studia in Anytes Poetriae Vitam et Carminum Reliquias (Haarlem, 1903)
- Anyte bio and excerpts (http://home.infi.net/~ddisse/anyte.html)
- Anyte literature (http://home.hetnet.nl/~kuyvhov/anytelit.htm)
- Marilyn B. Skinner notes (http://www.stoa.org/diotima/anthology/erinna.shtml)
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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