Karpos (or Carpus) was a Greek mythological figure, whose name in Greek means "fruit". He is the son of Zephyros (the west wind) and Khloris (or Chloris) (spring, or new vegetation), together forming a natural metaphor — the west wind comes with the new growth of spring, which later bears fruit. Karpos was a youth renowned for his beauty.
Carpo (or Xarpo), one of the Horae, is in some ways the feminine equavilent of Karpos; her dominion was autumn, ripening, and harvesting.
Karpos and Kalamos
Karpos is known as the lover of Kalamos. When they were swimming in the Maeander River for a bet, Karpos accidently drowned. In his grief, Kalamos changed into a reed, which was to forever sound a song of lamentations as it rustled in the wind.
The word Karpos is from an Indo European root "kerp-" or "karp-" meaning "to gather", "to pluck" or "to harvest". Cognates can be found in many Indo-European languages including modern English in words such as "harvest" (via Germanic), "carpet", "excerpt" and "scarce" (via Latin). Coming to English directly from the Greek "karpos" are the following:
the prefix "carpo-" — meaning fruit. eg. carpophagous, "fruit-eating"
the suffixes "-carp" and "-carpous" — also meaning fruit. eg. ascocarp, pericarp
Carpel — the female reproductive organ of a flower
Carpology - the study of fruits and seeds
Carp — a fruiting body of a fungus
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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