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Kato Kleines (Greek: Κάτω Κλεινές, Macedonian Slavic: Долно Клештино, Dolno Kleštino) is a village and a former municipality in Florina peripheral unit, West Macedonia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Florina, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] It is 7 km north of the city of Florina. The population was 3,963 in 2001.

History
Map of Florina Prefecture showing Kato Kleines municipality

The village was first mentioned in an Ottoman defter of 1468, where it is listed under the name of Kleshtino and described as having ninety-seven households. In 1481, the village possessed two hundred and thirteen households, a church, mills, and a kiln. The Turkish documents suggest a prosperous place, noting the production of vines, walnuts, onions, garlic, cabbage, peas, flax, honey, pigs, and silkworms.[2]

In 1845 the Russian slavist Victor Grigorovich recorded Kleshtina as mainly Bulgarian village.[3] Johann Georg von Hahn in his map from 1861 marked the village as Bulgarian, too.[4] Besides Slav-speaking population there were 150 Albanians in Kato Kleines in the end of 19th century.[5]

After Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922) and Population exchange between Greece and Turkey a number of Pontic Greeks were settled in the village of Kato Kleines and in some other villages in the minucipality - Kato Kaliniki, Poliplatano, Mesokambos and in the new-founded Neos Kavkasos.

Notes

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
^ Kravari, Vassiliki (1989) (in French). Villes et villages de Macédoine occidentale. Réalités byzantines. 2. Paris: Editions P. Lethielleux. p. 281. ISBN 2283604524.
^ Григорович, В. Очеркъ путешествiя по Европейской Турцiи, Москва, 1877
^ Croquis der westlischen Zurflüsse des oberen Wardar von J.G. von Hahn. Deukschriften der k Akad. d wissenseh. philos. histor. CIX1Bd, 1861.
^ Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр.249 (Kanchov, Vasil. Macedonia — ethnography and statistics Sofia, 1900, p. 249).

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