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Wenceslaus Hollar , Wenceslaus Hollar, Václav Hollar, Wenzel Hollar

Drawings, Illustrations

Dutch Warship Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Dutch Warship

Part of Tangier from above Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Part of Tangier from above

Cupid on a lion Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Cupid on a lion

Realm of Juno Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Realm of Juno

Realm of Venus Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Realm of Venus

Realm of Pallas Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Realm of Pallas

Raphael Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Raphael

An American from Virginia Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

An American from Virginia

Six hounds Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Six hounds

London before the Great Fire Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

London before the Great Fire

Pietro Aretino Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Pietro Aretino

Romulus and Remus Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Romulus and Remus

Six insects Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Six insects

Woman with a Wreath of Oak Leaves Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Woman with a Wreath of Oak Leaves

Dutch West Indiaman Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Dutch West Indiaman

January Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

January

February Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

February

March Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

March

 April Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

April

May Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

May

June Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

June

July Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

July

August Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

August

September Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

September

October Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

October

November Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

November

December Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

December

Spring Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Spring

Dutch Cargo Ship Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Dutch Cargo Ship

The Coronation of King Charles the II in Westminster Abbey, April 23, 1661 Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

The Coronation of King Charles the II in Westminster Abbey, April 23, 1661

Woman with large circular fur hat and earrings Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Woman with large circular fur hat and earrings

Pietro Aretino Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Pietro Aretino

Woman of Antwerp Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Woman of Antwerp

Self-Portrait Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Self-Portrait

English Lady in Winter Costume Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

English Lady in Winter Costume

The daughters of Aglaura. Mercury and Herse Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

The daughters of Aglaura. Mercury and Herse

Adoration of the Kings Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Adoration of the Kings

Autumn Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Autumn

Choir and stalls in St George's Chapel, Windsor Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Choir and stalls in St George's Chapel, Windsor

Adriaen van de Venne Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Adriaen van de Venne

Summer Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Summer

Six Hounds Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Six Hounds

Royal Exchange Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Royal Exchange

Woman with stiff lace collar and flat-crowned fur hat Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Woman with stiff lace collar and flat-crowned fur hat

Kampen Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Kampen

Winter Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Winter

Antwerp Cathedral Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Antwerp Cathedral

Eleven Hounds Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Eleven Hounds

Three moths, two butterflies and a bumble bee Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Three moths, two butterflies and a bumble bee

Five Butterflies Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Five Butterflies

Moth and three butterflies Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Moth and three butterflies

Five Butterflies and a Moth Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Five Butterflies and a Moth

Dragonflies and a bumble bee Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Dragonflies and a bumble bee

Strasbourg, The Kehl Bridge Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Strasbourg, The Kehl Bridge

Regensburg Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Regensburg

Bonn Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Bonn

Esslingen Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Esslingen

Ingolstadt Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Ingolstadt

Stuttgart Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Stuttgart

Stuttgart, The Lake Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Stuttgart, The Lake

Three Butterflies and a Wasp Print by Wenceslaus Hollar

Three Butterflies and a Wasp

Wenceslaus Hollar

Aschaffenburg, Schloss Johannisberg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Deggendorf , View of the village winemakers with riverboats

Wenceslaus Hollar

Neuwied , View of the town and castle Engers

Wenceslaus Hollar

Speyer Cathedral


Illustrations

Wenceslaus Hollar

Baden -Baden, Old Castle

Wenceslaus Hollar

Bonn , Age inches at the Rheinkaimauer

Wenceslaus Hollar

Bonn, the Rhine overlooking Lion's Castle Drachenfels and Bad Godesberg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Abbey Rothendael

Wenceslaus Hollar

Allegory of Death

Wenceslaus Hollar

Ancient female bust

Wenceslaus Hollar

Antwerp, The Notre Dame Cathedral

Wenceslaus Hollar

Human skull

Wenceslaus Hollar

Peasant Wedding

Wenceslaus Hollar

Farmer brawl

Wenceslaus Hollar

At Albury in Surrey

Wenceslaus Hollar

Beggar after Callot

Wenceslaus Hollar

Bolognese dog

Wenceslaus Hollar

Bonn

Wenceslaus Hollar

Bonn

Wenceslaus Hollar

Bonn, environment

Wenceslaus Hollar

Lady at the clavichord

Wenceslaus Hollar

Lady with Feather Beret

Wenceslaus Hollar

Deutz

Wenceslaus Hollar

The Danube at Marsbach

Wenceslaus Hollar

The Danube at Rannariedl

Wenceslaus Hollar

The three windmills

Wenceslaus Hollar

The Stone Bridge

Wenceslaus Hollar

The surroundings of Islington

Wenceslaus Hollar

Promulgation of the Peace of Westphalia

Wenceslaus Hollar

Donaustauf

Wenceslaus Hollar

Donaustauf

Wenceslaus Hollar

Düren

Wenceslaus Hollar

Elephant

Wenceslaus Hollar

The steadfastness of Charles I in disguise

Wenceslaus Hollar

English noblewoman in winter clothes

Wenceslaus Hollar

Ass

Wenceslaus Hollar

Esther before Ahasuerus by Veronese

Wenceslaus Hollar

Fireworks in Hemissen

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series "Little Views " , Esslingen

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series "Little views " Kochauß

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series "Little Views " , Prague

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series "Little Views " , Prague

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series "Little Views " , Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series "Little Views " , Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Teatrum Mulierum "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Teatrum Mulierum "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Teatrum Mulierum "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Teatrum Mulierum "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series " Female Cologne dancing figurines "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Series of the " Amoenissimae Effigies "

Wenceslaus Hollar

Frontispiece with insects

Wenceslaus Hollar

Spring

Wenceslaus Hollar

Spring

Wenceslaus Hollar

Groenendael

Wenceslaus Hollar

Groenendael

Wenceslaus Hollar

harbor scene

Wenceslaus Hollar

Heidelberg Castle Gardens

Wenceslaus Hollar

Autumn

Wenceslaus Hollar

St. Anne

Wenceslaus Hollar

St. Bruno

Wenceslaus Hollar

Dutch merchant ships

Wenceslaus Hollar

Hunting title

Wenceslaus Hollar

Hounds

Wenceslaus Hollar

Kampen

Wenceslaus Hollar

Map of the Scheldt estuary

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cat's Head

Wenceslaus Hollar

Kelsterbach

Wenceslaus Hollar

child's head

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne

Wenceslaus Hollar

Cologne and Deutz

Wenceslaus Hollar

Head of a Woman

Wenceslaus Hollar

Head of a Woman

Wenceslaus Hollar

Head of a young man

Wenceslaus Hollar

Head with helmet

Wenceslaus Hollar

Head study of a young man

Wenceslaus Hollar

Studies of heads in profile

Wenceslaus Hollar

turban shell

Wenceslaus Hollar

Warships in the storm

Wenceslaus Hollar

London, overlooking the city

Wenceslaus Hollar

London

Wenceslaus Hollar

London, The courtyard building of the house of the Earl of Arundel

Wenceslaus Hollar

London, The courtyard building of the house of the Earl of Arundel

Wenceslaus Hollar

London, The Exchange

Wenceslaus Hollar

London , Interior of St. Paul's Cathedral

Wenceslaus Hollar

London

Wenceslaus Hollar

London , Westminster Abbey

Wenceslaus Hollar

Girl with a wreath of oak

Wenceslaus Hollar

Man's head in profile

Wenceslaus Hollar

Medallion : Antwerp lady

Wenceslaus Hollar

Medallion : middle-class woman of Antwerp

Wenceslaus Hollar

Medallion : Woman

Wenceslaus Hollar

Medallion: citizen woman at Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Muff with jewelry Borde

Wenceslaus Hollar

Muscleman

Wenceslaus Hollar

Nuremberg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Passau

Wenceslaus Hollar

physiognomic studies

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait Antonis van Dyck

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of Margaret Lemon

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of Adam Schaliger

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of Hans von Zuers

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of Johann von Werth

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of Peter Paul Rubens

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of the Earl of Arundel

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of Vincent de Stochove

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of a young African

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of an Indian

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of a young African

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of a girl

Wenceslaus Hollar

Portrait of a Turk

Wenceslaus Hollar

Prague, city view

Wenceslaus Hollar

Prague

Wenceslaus Hollar

Dormant nymph of Diana

Wenceslaus Hollar

Rüsselsheim

Wenceslaus Hollar

Saskia

Wenceslaus Hollar

Hull in the Dock

Wenceslaus Hollar

Prow

Wenceslaus Hollar

Butterflies and Bevels

Wenceslaus Hollar

Snail and caterpillar

Wenceslaus Hollar

Self-portrait

Wenceslaus Hollar

Sibyls temple in Tivoli

Wenceslaus Hollar

Seated Female Nude

Wenceslaus Hollar

Summer

Wenceslaus Hollar

Walkers in Albury

Wenceslaus Hollar

Standing woman

Wenceslaus Hollar

Standing , greeting man

Wenceslaus Hollar

Still life with furs

Wenceslaus Hollar

Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Strasbourg

Wenceslaus Hollar

Tangier

Wenceslaus Hollar

Tobias and the Angel

Wenceslaus Hollar

Tobias and the Angel

Wenceslaus Hollar

Dead Mole

Wenceslaus Hollar

Dead Mole

Wenceslaus Hollar

Trio ( Domestic concert )

Wenceslaus Hollar

Varie Figure

Wenceslaus Hollar

Mocking of Ceres

Wenceslaus Hollar

Wesel

Wenceslaus Hollar

Winter

Wenceslaus Hollar

At Mülheim am Rhein

Wenceslaus Hollar (23 July 1607 – 25 March 1677) was a prolific and accomplished Bohemian graphic artist of the 17th century, who spent much of his life in England. He is known to German speakers as Wenzel Hollar; and to Czech speakers as Václav Hollar Czech: [ˈvaːtslav ˈɦolar]. He is particularly noted for his engravings and etchings. He was born in Prague, died in London, and was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster.[1]

Biography

After his family was ruined by the Sack of Prague in the Thirty Years' War, the young Hollar, who had been destined for the law, determined to become an artist. The earliest of his works that have come down to us are dated 1625 and 1626; they are small plates, and one of them is a copy of a "Virgin and Child" by Dürer, whose influence upon Hollar's work was always great. In 1627 he moved to the region around Stuttgart; before moving to Straßburg, and then, in 1633, to Cologne.[1]

It was in 1636 that he attracted the notice of the famous nobleman and art collector Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, then on an embassy to the imperial court. Employed as a draftsman he travelled with Arundel to Vienna and Prague. In 1637 he returned with him to England where he remained in the Earl's household for many years.


Life in England

Though he became a servant of Lord Arundel, he seems not to have worked exclusively for him, and after the Earl's death in Padua in 1646, earned his living by working for various authors and publishers, which was afterwards his primary means of distribution. In around 1650, probably at the request of Hendrik van der Borcht, he etched a commemorative print done after a design by Cornelius Schut in Arundel's honour and dedicated to his widow, Aletheia. Arundel is seated in melancholy mode on his tomb in front of an obelisk (perhaps commemorating the one he tried to import from Rome), and surrounded by works of art and their personifications.

In 1745, George Vertue paid homage to their association in the vignette he published on page one of his Description of the Works of the Ingenious Delineator and Engraver Wenceslaus Hollar. It featured a bust of Arundel in front of a pyramid, symbolizing immortality, surrounded by illustrated books and the instruments of Hollar's trade.[2]

During his first year in England he created "View of Greenwich", later issued by Peter Stent, the print-seller. Nearly 3 feet (0.9 m) long, he received thirty shillings for the plate, a small fraction of its present value. Afterwards he fixed the price of his work at fourpence an hour, and measured his time by a sand-glass. Lord Arundel left England in 1642, and Hollar passed into the service of the Duke of York, taking with him a wife and two children.
English Civil War
Long View of London from Bankside, 1647.
Hollar's depiction of the Mary Rose engagement.
Woman with high crowned hat.

He continued to produce works prolifically throughout the English Civil War, but it adversely affected his income. An etching dated 1643 and epitomizing the civil war, entitled as it is: 'civilis seditio,' features a snake with a head at each end pulling in opposite directions in front of the Giza pyramids and sphinx. Hollar took his setting, presumably symbolizing longer term values, directly from an engraving published in George Sandys' Relation of a Journey begun An. Dom 1610, published in 1615.[3]

During the period of the unrest of the Civil Wars he worked in Antwerp, where he produced many of his most renowned works, including views, his "muffs" and "shells". In 1652 he returned to London, and lived for a time with Faithorne the engraver near Temple Bar.

During the following years many books were published which he illustrated: Ogilby's Virgil and Homer, Stapylton's Juvenal, and Dugdale's Warwickshire, St Paul's and Monasticon (part i.). His income fell as booksellers continued to decline his work, and the Court did not purchase his works following the Restoration. During this time he lost his young son, also reputed to have artistic ability, to the plague.

After the Great Fire of London he produced some of his famous "Views of London"; and it may have been the success of these plates which induced the king to send him, in 1668, to Tangier, to draw the town and forts.[4] During his return to England a desperate and successful engagement was fought by his ship, the Mary Rose, under Captain John Kempthorne, against seven Algerine men-of-war,--a battle which Hollar etched for Ogilby's Africa.

He lived eight years after his return, still working for the booksellers, and continuing to produce well-regarded works until his death, for example a large plate of Edinburgh dated 1670. He died in extreme poverty, his last recorded words being a request to the bailiffs that they would not carry away the bed on which he was dying.
Hollar's plan of "Old" St. Paul's Cathedral in London, 1658.


Works

Hollar produced a variety of works; his plates number some 2740, and include views, portraits, ships, religious subjects, heraldic subjects, landscapes, and still life in many different forms. His architectural drawings, such as those of Antwerp and Strassburg cathedrals, and his views of towns, are to scale, but are intended as pictures as well. He reproduced decorative works of other artists, as in the famous chalice after Mantegna's drawing.

One of Hollar's most famous etchings is a picture of the Cathedral of Our Lady Antwerp, dated 1649. The work's lively figural decoration, so typical of Hollar's work, includes a procession towards the entrance of the cathedral, a horse-drawn coach, and passerby and dogs in a square in front of the church. The picture of the Antwerp cathedral was on display at the Lobkowicz Palace during the Lobkowicz Library exhibition "Architecture in the Work of Peter Paul Rubens and Vaclav Hollar, which ran through the 30th of May, 2013.

Almost complete collections of Hollar's work are kept in the British Museum, the print room at Windsor Castle and the National Gallery in Prague. Hollar's oeuvre was first catalogued in 1745 (2nd ed. 1759) by George Vertue. The prints were subsequently catalogued in 1853 by Gustav Parthey and in 1982 by Richard Pennington. A new complete illustrated catalogue has been published in the New Hollstein German series. Much of his work is available online from the University of Toronto in their Wenceslaus Hollar digital collection.

There is a High School of Arts and Higher Professional Art School in Prague, named after him (Vyšší odborná škola a Střední umělecká škola Václava Hollara).
See also

List of British artists
St. Rumbold's Cathedral (commented illustration)

References

Richard Godfrey, Wenceslaus Hollar: A Bohemian Artist in England (New Haven and London, 1994) and Richard Pennington, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etched Work of Wenceslaus Hollar 1607-1677 (Cambridge, 1982).
Edward Chaney, "Roma Britannica and the Cultural Memory of Egypt: Lord Arundel and the Obelisk of Domitian", in Roma Britannica: Art Patronage and Cultural Exchange in Eighteenth-Century Rome, eds. D. Marshall, K. Wolfe and S. Russell, British School at Rome, 2011, pp. 147–70.
Chaney, 'Roma Britannica and the Cultural Memory of Egypt', pp. 154-5.

Martin Malcolm Elbl, Portuguese Tangier (1471-1662): Colonial Urban Fabric as Cross-Cultural Skeleton (Toronto/Peterborough: Baywolf Press, 2013), 109-110.

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Bibliography

Edward Chaney, "Roma Britannica and the Cultural Memory of Egypt: Lord Arundel and the Obelisk of Domitian", in Roma Britannica: Art Patronage and Cultural Exchange in Eighteenth-Century Rome, eds. D. Marshall, K. Wolfe and S. Russell, British School at Rome, 2011, pp. 147–70.

Richard Godfrey, Wenceslaus Hollar: A Bohemian Artist in England (New Haven and London, 1994).

Richard Pennington, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etched Work of Wenceslaus Hollar 1607-1677 (Cambridge, 1982).

Johannes Urzidil, Hollar, a Czech émigré in England (London 1942).

http://www.lobkowicz.cz/en/Highlights-from-The-Collections-47.htm?item=562

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