Engineering physics, or engineering science, refers to the study of the combined disciplines of physics, mathematics, biology, social science, and engineering, particularly computer, nuclear, electrical, electronic, aerospace, materials or mechanical engineering. By focusing on the scientific method as a rigorous basis, it seeks ways to apply, design, and develop new solutions in engineering.[1][2][3][4]


Unlike traditional engineering disciplines, engineering science/physics is not necessarily confined to a particular branch of science, engineering or physics. Instead, engineering science/physics is meant to provide a more thorough grounding in applied physics for a selected specialty such as optics, quantum physics, materials science, applied mechanics, electronics, nanotechnology, microfabrication, microelectronics, computing, photonics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, nuclear engineering, biophysics, control theory, aerodynamics, energy, solid-state physics, etc. It is the discipline devoted to creating and optimizing engineering solutions through enhanced understanding and integrated application of mathematical, scientific, statistical, and engineering principles. The discipline is also meant for cross-functionality and bridges the gap between theoretical science and practical engineering with emphasis in research and development, design, and analysis.

It is notable that in many languages the term for "engineering physics" would be directly translated into English as "technical physics". In some countries, both what would be translated as "engineering physics" and what would be translated as "technical physics" are disciplines leading to academic degrees, with the former specializing in nuclear power research, and the latter closer to engineering physics.[5] In some institutions, an engineering (or applied) physics major is a discipline or specialization within the scope of engineering science, or applied science.[6][7][8][improper synthesis?]

In many universities, engineering science programs may be offered at the levels of B.Tech, B.Sc., M.Sc. and Ph.D. Usually, a core of basic and advanced courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology forms the foundation of the curriculum, while typical elective areas may include fluid dynamics, quantum physics, economics, plasma physics, relativity, solid mechanics, operations research, quantitative finance, information technology and engineering, dynamical systems, bioengineering, environmental engineering, computational engineering, engineering mathematics and statistics, solid-state devices, materials science, electromagnetism, nanoscience, nanotechnology, energy, and optics.

Whereas typical engineering programs (undergraduate) generally focus on the application of established methods to the design and analysis of engineering solutions, the engineering science programs (undergraduate) focus on the creation and use of more advanced experimental or computational techniques where standard approaches are inadequate (i.e., development of engineering solutions to contemporary problems in the physical and life sciences by applying fundamental principles).

Qualified engineering physicists, with a degree in Engineering Physics, can work professionally as engineers and/or physicists in the high technology industries and beyond, becoming domain experts in multiple engineering and scientific fields.[9][10][11]

Accelerator physics[12]
Aerospace Systems and Aerodynamics[15][16]
Analog electronics
Applied physics
Applied mathematics
Applied mechanics
Artificial Intelligence[19][20]
Atomic Force microscopy and imaging
Audio Engineering[14]
Biosensors and bioelectronics
Chemical engineering[22]
Chemical physics
Communication physics
Computational physics
Computer Engineering[23][24]
Computer Vision
Composite materials
Control theory
Cybernetical Physics
Data mining
Digital electronics
Digital signal processing[14]
Directed Energy Weapons[26]
Electrical engineering
Electric propulsion
Electromagnetic propulsion
Electronic Warfare[27]
Embedded Systems[28]
Energy Engineering[14]
Fiber optics
Financial Engineering[14]
Fluid dynamics
Information theory
Instrumentation and control
Interreality physics and Virtual Reality
Laser physics
Materials science and processing
Medical physics
Metrological physics[14]
Microfluidics, MEMS, and MOEMS
Microprocessor design[12]
Microwave Engineering
Neural engineering
Neuromorphic engineering
Nondestructive testing
Nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NEMP) engineering
Nuclear engineering[30]
Nuclear technology[14]
Photonics and Plasmonics
Physics engine and Physics processing unit design
Physical neural networks
Plasma physics
Polymer science
Power electronics[31]
Quantitative finance[32][14]
Quantum electronics
Quantum information
Quantum technology[33]
Radar and Lidar
Radio-Frequency Engineering
Robotics[29] and Machine learning[34]
Renewable Energy
Semiconductor physics and devices
Sensor Fusion
Software Development[23]
Soil physics
Solid-state physics
Social physics
Space physics
Space technology[35]
Spacecraft Propulsion
Spintronics, spin engineering
Statistical mechanics
Stealth technology
Systems engineering[36]
Systems biology
Thin films and nanostructured materials
Vehicle dynamics
Wind engineering

See also

Applied physics
Applied mechanics
Engineering science and mechanics
Environmental engineering science
Index of engineering science and mechanics articles

Notes and references

"Major: Engineering Physics". The Princeton Review. 2017. p. 01. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
"Introduction" (online). Princeton University. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
Khare, P.; A. Swarup (2009-01-26). Engineering Physics: Fundamentals & Modern Applications (13th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning. pp. xiii–Preface. ISBN 978-0-7637-7374-8.
Engineering Physics (online). Retrieved June 26, 2011.
"2002 Applications for graduate study open in Shanghai Research Institute of Technical Physics (上海技术物理研究所2002年招生)". Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院). 2001-10-07. Archived from the original on 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology
Engineering Physics, Division of Engineering Science, University of Toronto
Engineering Science and Mechanics program at Virginia Tech
Stephen F. Austin State University, Engineering Physics Careers
Engineering Physics Careers, Carleton University, Canada, Engineering Physics Careers overview
Engineering Physics, University of Michigan
Engineering Physics (Acoustics), University of Kettering
Engineering Physics Curriculum, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
Engineering Physics (Aerospace Systems), University of Kansas
Engineering Physics (Aerodynamics), University of Kansas
Ning, Wu (2004). "Gravitational Shielding Effect in Gauge Theory of Gravity". Communications in Theoretical Physics. 41 (4): 567–572. arXiv:hep-th/0307225. Bibcode:2004CoTPh..41..567W. doi:10.1088/0253-6102/41/4/567.
Honda’s Gravity Modification Research, Huffington Post
Physicists Teach AI to Identify Exotic States of Matter
Physicists Unleash AI to Devise Unthinkable Experiments
Engineering Physics (Biophysics), Cornell University
Engineering Physics, Chemical Systems, University of Kansas
Engineering Physics, Berkeley
Engineering Physics (Microelectronics), University of Connecticut
Universities offering Cryogenics and Superconductivity education in the United States, Cryogenic society of America
Golden Eye-style energy beam is developed by Nato scientists, Daily Telegraph
Johns Hopkins, Applied Physics Laboratory
Engineering Physics (Embedded Systems), Simon Fraser University
University of the Pacific, Engineering Physics, Curriculum
Engineering Physics (Nuclear Engineering), Ohio State University
Program of Engineering physics, Laval University, Quebec
Physicists applying knowledge to finance, The Guardian
China’s quantum satellite achieves ‘spooky action’ at record distance, Science Magazine
Physicists extend quantum machine learning to infinite dimensions,
Engineering Physics, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Programme Options
Engineering Physics, Stanford

Physics Encyclopedia



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