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In mathematical set theory, an Ulam matrix is an array of subsets of a cardinal number with certain properties. Ulam matrices were introduced by Ulam (1930) in his work on measurable cardinals: they may be used, for example, to show that a real-valued measurable cardinal is weakly inaccessible.[1]


Suppose that κ and λ are cardinal numbers, and let F be a λ-complete filter on λ. An Ulam matrix is a collection of subsets Aαβ of λ indexed by α in κ, β in λ such that

If β is not γ then Aαβ and Aαγ are disjoint.
For each β the union of the sets Aαβ is in the filter F.


Jech, Thomas (2003), Set Theory, Springer Monographs in Mathematics (Third Millennium ed.), Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, p. 131, ISBN 978-3-540-44085-7, Zbl 1007.03002

Ulam, Stanisław (1930), "Zur Masstheorie in der allgemeinen Mengenlehre", Fundamenta Mathematicae, 16 (1): 140–150

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