The Lwów school of mathematics (Polish: lwowska szkoła matematyczna) was a group of Polish mathematicians who worked in the interwar period in Lwów, Poland (since 1945 Lviv, Ukraine). The mathematicians often met at the famous Scottish Café to discuss mathematical problems, and published in the journal Studia Mathematica, founded in 1929. The school was renowned for its productivity and its extensive contributions to subjects such as point-set topology, set theory and functional analysis. The biographies and contributions of these mathematicians were documented in 1980 by their contemporary Kazimierz Kuratowski in his book A Half Century of Polish Mathematics: Remembrances and Reflections.

Members

Notable members of the Lwów school of mathematics included:

Stefan Banach

Feliks Barański

Władysław Orlicz

Stanisław Saks

Hugo Steinhaus

Stanisław Mazur

Stanisław Ulam

Józef Schreier

Juliusz Schauder

Mark Kac

Antoni Łomnicki

Stefan Kaczmarz

Herman Auerbach

Włodzimierz Stożek

Stanisław Ruziewicz

The end of the school

Many of the mathematicians, especially those of Jewish background, fled this southeastern part of Poland in 1941 when it became clear that it would be invaded by Germany. Few of the mathematicians survived World War II, but after the war a group including some of the original community carried on their work in western Poland's Wrocław, the successor city to prewar Lwów; see Polish population transfers (1944–1946). A number of the prewar mathematicians, prominent among them Stanisław Ulam, became famous for work done in the West.

See also

Kraków School of Mathematics

Lwów–Warsaw school

Polish School of Mathematics

Scottish Café

Warsaw School of Mathematics

References

This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (November 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Ulam, Stanisław Marcin (1976). Adventures of a Mathematician, illustrated with photographs. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-684-15064-6.

Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics

Graduate Studies in Mathematics

Hellenica World - Scientific Library

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