In statistics and social sciences, an antecedent variable is a variable that can help to explain the apparent relationship (or part of the relationship) between other variables that are nominally in a cause and effect relationship. In a regression analysis, an antecedent variable would be one that influences both the independent variable and the dependent variable.
See also

Path analysis (statistics)
Latent variable
Intervening variable
Confounding variable

Olobatuyi, M. E. (2006). "Definition of Basic Terms and Concepts". A User's Guide to Path Analysis. University Press of America. pp. 21–52. ISBN 0-7618-3230-0.

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