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Amphidamas (/æmˈfɪdəməs/; Ancient Greek: Ἀμφιδάμας) was the name of six men in Greek mythology:

Amphidamas, father of Pelagon, king of Phocis, who gave Cadmus the cow that was to guide him to Boeotia.[1]

Amphidamas or Amphidamantes, father of Clytia who was the possible mother of Pelops and Tantalus' other children.[2][3]

Amphidamas or Iphidamas,[4] an Arcadian prince as son of King Aleus and Cleobule. He was one of the Argonauts, along with his brother Cepheus.[5]

Moreover from Arcadia came Amphidamas and Cepheus, who inhabited Tegea and the allotment of Apheidas, two sons of Aldus; and Ancaeus followed them as the third, whom his father Lycurgus sent, the brother older than both

Amphidamas, an Arcadian prince as son of King Lycurgus by either Cleophyle or Eurynome, and thus brother of Ancaeus, Epochus and Iasus. Amphidamas had two children: Hippomenes, the husband of Atalanta, and Antimache who married King Eurystheus of Tiryns.[6]

Amphidamas, father of Nausidame who bore Helios a son, Augeas, king of Elis.[5]
Amphidamas or Iphidamas,[7] son of Busiris, king of Egypt and possible brother of Melite.[5] He was killed, alongside his father, by Heracles of whom they tried to sacrifice.[8] Some accounts, added the herald Chalbes and the attendants to the list of those slain by the hero.[7]

....After Libya he traversed Egypt. That country was then ruled by Busiris, a son of Poseidon by Lysianassa, daughter of Epaphus. This Busiris used to sacrifice strangers on an altar of Zeus in accordance with a certain oracle. For Egypt was visited with dearth for nine years, and Phrasius, a learned seer who had come from Cyprus, said that the dearth would cease if they slaughtered a stranger man in honor of Zeus every year. Busiris began by slaughtering the seer himself and continued to slaughter the strangers who landed. So Hercules also was seized and haled to the altars, but he burst his bonds and slew both Busiris and his son Amphidamas. Apollod. 2.5.11

Amphidamas, a man from Cythera who was given by Autolycus a helmet to take to Scandea. This cap was previously stolen by the famous thief from the stout-built house of Amyntor, son of Ormenus. Amphidamas gave the item as a guest-gift to Molus who in turn, gave it to his son Meriones to wear. Later on, Odysseus received the helmet from Meriones himself.[9]

Amphidamas or Amphidamus,[10] a native of Opus and father of Clitonymus, who was killed by Patroclus over a game of dice.[11] In some accounts, the name of the slain lad was variously given as Clisonymus[12] or Aeanes.[13]

Apollod. 3.13.8

At Opus, in a quarrel over a game of dice, Patroclus killed the boy Clitonymus, son of Amphidamas, and flying with his father he dwelt at the house of Peleus and became a minion of Achilles.

Amphidamas, one of the men hidden in the Trojan horse.[14]

Notes

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Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 638
Scholia ad Euripides, Orestes 11
Scholion on Pherecydes, fr. 40
The Orphic Argonautica 138, translated by Jason Colavito, derived from his text at argonauts-book.com, copyright 2011, used by permission of the translator. The Greek text is available at PoesiaLatina.it. A pedantic work of the 4th c. CE, full of geographic references.
Hyginus, Fabulae 157
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.9.2
Scholiast on Apollonius of Rhodes. Argonautica, 4.1396
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2.5.11
Homer, Iliad 10.254 ff
Homer. Iliad, 23.87
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.13.8
Scholiast on Homer. Iliad, 12.1
Strabo, Geographica 9.4.2

Tryphiodorus, The Taking of Ilios 182 ff

References

Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
Homer, The Iliad with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
Homer, Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1920. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
Strabo, The Geography of Strabo. Edition by H.L. Jones. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
Strabo, Geographica edited by A. Meineke. Leipzig: Teubner. 1877. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
Tryphiodorus, Capture of Troy translated by Mair, A. W. Loeb Classical Library Volume 219. London: William Heinemann Ltd, 1928. Online version at theoi.com
Tryphiodorus, Capture of Troy with an English Translation by A.W. Mair. London, William Heinemann, Ltd.; New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 1928. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.

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