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In Greek mythology, Achaeus or Achaios (/əˈkiːəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἀχαιός Akhaiós, derived from αχος achos, "grief, pain, woe") was, according to nearly all traditions, a son of Xuthus and Creusa, and consequently a brother of Ion and grandson of Hellen.[1] His children were Archander and Architeles.

Mythology

The Achaeans regarded him as the author of their race, and derived from him their own name as well as that of Achaia, which was formerly called Aegialus. When his uncle Aeolus in Thessaly, whence he himself had come to Peloponnesus, died, he went there and made himself master of Phthiotis, which now also received from him the name of Achaia.[2][3][4]

Genealogy of Hellenes

Prometheus Clymene Epimetheus Pandora
Deucalion Pyrrha
Hellen
Dorus Xuthus Aeolus
Tectamus Aegimius Achaeus Ion Makednos Magnes

Notes

Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 10a.20–4 '
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 7.1.2 '
Strabo, Geographica 8.7 '

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1.7.3 '

References

Clement of Alexandria, Recognitions from Ante-Nicene Library Volume 8, translated by Smith, Rev. Thomas. T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh. 1867. Online version at theio.com
Hesiod, Catalogue of Women from Homeric Hymns, Epic Cycle, Homerica translated by Evelyn-White, H G. Loeb Classical Library Volume 57. London: William Heinemann, 1914. Online version at theio.com
Maurus Servius Honoratus, In Vergilii carmina comentarii. Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii carmina commentarii; recensuerunt Georgius Thilo et Hermannus Hagen. Georgius Thilo. Leipzig. B. G. Teubner. 1881. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Online version
Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. . Greek text .
Strabo, The Geography of Strabo. Edition by H.L. Jones. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
Strabo, Geographica edited by A. Meineke. Leipzig: Teubner. 1877. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Achaeus (1)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

Greek Mythology

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