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Avgolemono (Greek : Αυγολέμονο ) is a family of eastern Mediterranean sauces and soups made with egg yolks and lemon mixed with broth, heated until they thicken but before they boil, so the egg doesn't curdle. Avgolémono is the Greek name, meaning egg-lemon; in Arabic, it is called tarbiya or beida bi-lemoune 'egg with lemon', and in Turkish terbiye.

Avgolemono

Avgolemono (*)

It is the typical sauce used on warm dolma and many vegetables, especially artichokes. It is part of some specific stew-like dishes such as the Greek pork with celery and the Turkish yuvarlak, added just before serving to thicken and assimilate the cooking juices. In Middle Eastern cuisines, it is used as a sauce for chicken or fish.

As a soup, it usually starts with chicken broth, though meat, fish, or vegetable broths are also used. Typically, rice or soup pasta, such as orzo, are cooked in the broth with thin strips of meat (chicken, for example) before a mixture of eggs and lemon is added. Its consistency varies from near-stew to near-broth. It is important to remove the mixture from the heat before adding the egg-lemon mix, in order to avoid curdling.

The soup may be made with whole eggs, in which case the whites are often beaten first until stiff, the yolks and then the lemon juice afterwards beaten-in gradually. The chicken stock with rice is then gradually mixed in, as well. Starch is sometimes added as an additional thickener.

Bibliography

Alan Davidson, The Oxford Companion to Food, Oxford, 1999. ISBN 0-19-211579-0.

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