Anne Genevieve L'Huillier Wahlström (born 16 August 1958) is a French physicist, and professor of atomic physics at Lund University in Sweden. She leads an attosecond physics group which studies the movements of electrons in real time, which is used to understand the chemical reactions on the atomic level.[1] In 2003 she and her group beat the world record with the smallest laser pulse of 170 attoseconds.[2] In 2023, jointly with Pierre Agostini and Ferenc Krausz, she won the Nobel Prize in Physics.[3]

L'Huillier first pursued an education and was awarded a Master of Science in theoretical physics and mathematics,[4] but switched for her PhD to experimental physics at the CEA, Paris-Saclay University of the Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives in Saclay Nuclear Research Centre. Her dissertation was on multiple ionization in laser fields of high intensity.[5]

As a post-doctoral student, she was in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Los Angeles, United States. From 1986, she was permanently employed at the Saclay Nuclear Research Centre. In 1992, she took part in an experiment in Lund, where one of the first titanium-sapphire solid-state laser systems for femtosecond pulses in Europe had been installed. In 1994 she moved to Sweden, where she served at Lund University as a lecturer in 1995 and a professor in 1997.[6]
Honors and awards

L'Huillier was on the Nobel Committee for Physics between 2007 and 2015,[4] and has been a member of the Swedish Academy of Sciences since 2004.[7] In 2003, she received the Julius Springer Prize. In 2011 she received a UNESCO L'Oréal Award. In 2013, she was awarded the Carl-Zeiss Research Award [de], the Blaise Pascal Medal and an Honorary Degree at Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris.[5] She was elected a foreign associate of the National Academy of Sciences in 2018. One year later, in 2019, she was recognized with the Prize for Fundamental Aspects of Quantum Electronics and Optics, announced by the European Physical Society. Anne L'Huillier is a fellow member of the American Physical Society and Optica.[8]

In 2021 L'Huillier was awarded the Optical Society of America Max Born Award for "pioneering work in ultrafast laser science and attosecond physics, realizing and understanding high harmonic generation and applying it to time-resolved imaging of electron motion in atoms and molecules".[9] In 2022 she received the Wolf Prize in Physics[10] for "pioneering contributions to ultrafast laser science and attosecond physics". Also for 2022 she was awarded the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences.[11] In 2023, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.[3]

Ferray, M; L'Huillier, A; Li, XF; Lompre, LA; Mainfray, G; Manus, C (1988). "Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases". J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21 (3): L31. Bibcode:1988JPhB...21L..31F. doi:10.1088/0953-4075/21/3/001. S2CID 250827054.


"Carl Zeiss Research Award". ZEISS International. Archived from the original on 2017-02-19. Retrieved 2017-04-29.
Forkman, Bengt; Holmin Verdozzi, Kristina, eds. (2016). Fysik i Lund: i tid och rum (in Swedish). Lund: Fysiska institutionen i samarbete med Gidlunds förlag. pp. 371, 374. ISBN 9789178449729.
Davis, Nicola (3 October 2023). "Nobel prize in physics awarded to three scientists for work on electrons". The Guardian. London, United Kingdom. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-10-03.
"Prof. Anne L'huillier - AcademiaNet". Retrieved 2017-04-29.
UPMC, Université Pierre et Marie Curie - (2013-12-12). "Anne L'Huillier". Retrieved 2017-04-29.

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