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Energy in Cyprus describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Cyprus. Energy policy of Cyprus will describe the politics of Cyprus related to energy more in detail. Cyprus is a member of European Union and non-OECD country.

On 11 July 2011 the main power station of Cyprus producing 60% of electricity was damaged in an explosion of stored 98 gunpowder containers at a naval base. The power station needs repair before full operation. Iran aimed to import the gunpowder to Syria in 2009 on a Cypriot-flagged ship. The shipment violated UN sanctions against Iran. Therefore, Cyprus confiscated Iranian explosives.[1]

Overview

Energy in Cyprus[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 0.83 30.5 2.21 28.4 4.47 6.94
2007 0.79 28.4 0.81 33.5 4.65 7.35
2008 0.80 30.1 0.93 35.5 4.93 7.57
2009 0.81 29.2 0.93 33.8 5.04 7.46
Change 2004–2009 -2.4 % -4.2 % -57.9 % 19.3 % 12.8 % 7.5 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh. Prim. energy includes energy losses

About 97 % of the primary energy use was imported in 2008.[3] However, the European Union RES target (2020) for Cypus is 13% giving Cyprus an opportunity to promote its own energy production and increace its energy indipendency of export in the near future. According to the national action plan Cyprus expects it will also meet this target.[4]


According to the IEA key ststistics 2010 the Cypriotic energy import in 2008 was 5 TWh higher than the primary energy use. If correct, this corresponds about 18 % storage capacity of the annual energy use. There was equal imbalance in 2007.[3]
Renewable energy

With feed-in tariff for large wind power plants the Cypriot National Renewable Energy Action Plan targets the largest renewable electricity share from wind power by 2020. Development has been fast: In 2005 there was no wind energy, in 2010 3.4 % of electricity. The national target is 6.8 % of electricity by 2020. The EU countries average target by 2020 is 14 %.[4]

Solar

The Cypriot target of solar power including both photovoltaics and concentrated solar power is combined 7 % of electricity by 2020, which will be one of the top ones in the European Union markets. Respective target is in Spain 8 %, Germany 7 %, Greece 5 %, Portugal 4 % and Malta 1 %.[4]

Solar heating is the usage of solar energy to provide space or water heating. Solar heating per capita in 2010 was the highest in Cyprus of all European countries: 611 W per capita. Corresponding value was in other top EU countries: Austria 385, Greece 253 and Germany 120. In 2010 this capacity was the lowest in the EU, with high unused domestic energy opportunities, in Finland 4, Latvia 3, Estonia 1 and Lithuania 1. Correspondingly the value was in a Scandinavian country Denmark 68.[5]
See also
Block 12

References

^ Cyprus: Navy chief killed by base munitions blast bbc 11 July 2011
^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
^ a b IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48

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