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The Cyprus Institute (CyI), is a non-profit research and education institution with a scientific and technological orientation. Formally established in 2005, CyI started its operations in 2007.

The CyI is organized around two major complementary academic structures: the College and the Research Centers. The Research Centers are being developed first in conjunction with post-graduate studies. The undergraduate education will be implemented in a second phase. The Institute as a whole is based on this duality.

The Cyprus Institute: planning and establishment

The initial planning for the establishment of the Cyprus Institute took place from 2000 to 2004 under the aegis of the Cyprus Development Bank, led at the time by J. Joannides and A. Mouskos. They, aided by A. Stamatis, the CEO of the Bank of Cyprus Oncology Center, together with a team of scholars shaped the core vision and undertook the coordination, research and planning of the project.

The team of academics consisted of:

Professor Ernest J. Moniz of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who has served as Under Secretary of the US Department of Energy and as Associate Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy;
the late Professor Guy Ourisson of Louis Pasteur University, who served as President of the French_Academy of Sciences and was the Founding President of the Louis Pasteur University in Strasbourg;
Professor Costas N. Papanicolas of the University of Athens, chairman at the time of the Council of Educational Evaluation-Accreditation (CEEA);
Professor Frank H.T. Rhodes who has served as President of Cornell University;
Professor Herwig Schopper, who has served as General Director of the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) and as Chair of the Scientific Council of the SESAME.

The planning phase was led by Prof. Costas N. Papanicolas, the current President of the Institute and CEO of CREF. The vision of this new Institution and its staged development spanning a ten year period was presented, debated and endorsed by a convocation of international scholars held in Nicosia in June 2002. The Convocation was chaired by the late Prof. Hubert Curien, former Minister of Research of France, who accepted to become the founding chair of the CREF Board. Following the endorsement of the international community, a plan for launching the Institute was drafted, which was accepted and supported by the Cyprus Development Bank and the Government of Cyprus.
Institutional Framework

The Cyprus Institute is being developed under the institutional umbrella of the Cyprus Research and Educational Foundation (CREF), governed by a Board which is international in its composition. The Board is chaired by Prof. Edouard Brézin and includes world renowned academics, all living Presidents of the Republic, regional and international political, civic and business leaders.

The Board is advised and aided by an international body of distinguished academics known as the Scientific Advisory Council. The Council was assembled under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien; he was succeeded by Prof. Jose Mariano Gago. The Council is currently chaired by Prof. Herwig Schopper. The current membership of the Council includes:

Professor George M. Constantinides (University of Chicago Booth School of Business);
Professor Paul J. Crutzen (Max Planck Institute for Chemistry and The Cyprus Institute);
Professor Erol Gelenbe (Imperial College);
Professor Apostolos P. Georgopoulos (University of Minnesota);
Professor Fotis C. Kafatos (Imperial College);
Professor Hans Queisser (Max Planck Gesellschaft).

The Research Centers

The research organization of the Institute comprises cross-disciplinary Research Centers pursuing issues of scholarly relevance, global significance and regional focus. There are currently three active Research Centers and another four planned.

Center for Energy, Environment and Water Research (EEWRC)
Center for Science and Technology in Archaeology (STARC)
Center for Computation-based Science and Technology (CaSToRC)
Center for Biological Sciences and Human Health (planned)
Center for Economic Development (planned)
Center for Information, Communication and Computation (planned)
Center for Technology Management and Finance (planned)

Energy, Environment and Water Research Center (EEWRC)

The Energy, Environment and Water Research Center (EEWRC) is the first Research Center of the Cyprus Institute (CyI) formally launched in December 2007. The EEWRC addresses science, technology, economic and policy issues related to major challenges in the energy, environment, climate and water fields of the Eastern Mediterranean[3]. The current program is focused on research into the energy efficiency and renewable energies, most notably solar energy, environmental integrity, and the safeguarding and sustainable and holistic management of water resources in the region and in the EU. The Center’s work covers topics such as integrated assessments of climate change, its impacts and socioeconomic consequences, and adequate adaptation and mitigation strategies; novel observational techniques aimed at assessing atmospheric, oceanic and Earth-surface properties; methodologies aimed at realizing a sustainable built environment, including innovative technologies and materials to harness the region’s plentiful solar energy; and holistic approaches to an efficient and sustainable use of energy and water.

In the field of energy research, the Center aims to quantify the potential for reducing the use of hydrocarbon-based energy sources through enhanced energy efficiency and increased use of renewable, particularly solar energy for electrical power generation and the heating and cooling of buildings. It will explore novel technologies for producing, storing, and transmitting energy, with a focus on the applications of material sciences. In the field of environmental research, the EEWRC will first concentrate on evaluating regional climate change and its socio-economic impacts and will specify suitable and adequate adaptation strategies aimed at minimizing adverse effects of climate change, including associated political and social repercussions. The research agenda of EEWRC is based on an interdisciplinary, integrative approach involving all aspects of energy, water and environment-related sciences, including economic and policy research. The Center therefore aims to assemble experts in all the relevant physical, environmental, economical and political sciences. Moreover, such a research agenda requires access to powerful computing facilities, which will be provided within the framework of the Cyprus Institute.

The scientific issues on EEWRC's research agenda relate to the basic mission of the Center and to its four divisions, namely:

Energy and renewable energy sources;
Environment and climate change;
Water and renewable natural resources;
Economy and policies.

EEWRC is being developed under the guidance of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology[4].
Science and Technology in Archaeology Research Center (STARC)

The Science and Technology in Archaeology Research Center (STARC) is being developed jointly by The Cyprus Institute and the Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France (C2RMF, headquartered at the Louvre). STARC was launched in February 2009. The Center is devoted to the development, introduction and use of advanced scientific technologies in the domains of Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. The Mediterranean-Middle East region is one of the world’s richest areas in terms of cultural heritage and archaeological remnants and thus offers a fertile ground for developing this line of research. Research topics derive from a use-inspired basic research approach. They include:

Natural and Material Sciences applied to Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (CH);
Digital Heritage (DH); Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), digital documentation and semantics, scientific visualization and virtual reality methods;
Diagnostics for CH conservation, such as chemical and physical analysis for the preservation of heritage items;
Underwater and maritime archaeology technology.

STARC is involved in various research activities. Research projects include the coordination of the Science and Technology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean (STACHEM). STACHEM will contribute to the development of a regional strategic plan for research infrastructures devoted to archaeological sciences and digital heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean, and participation in projects in Digital Cultural Heritage.
Computation-based Science and Technology Research Center (CaSToRC)

The Computation-based Science and Technology Research Center (CaSToRC) is being developed jointly with the University of Illinois and in particular with its National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)[5], it was officially launched in February 2009. The Center is actively involved in research projects relating to improve the computing infrastructure of the Eastern Mediterranean region. Projects include the coordination of the regional LinkSCEEM project, which aims to establish user communities and ameliorate network connectivity in the region, and the European PRACE initiative[6], which will create a persistent pan-European High Performance Computing service.

CaSToRC will advance large-scale simulations of complex systems and use them to pursue scientific and engineering problems in areas such as advanced materials, the dynamics of macromolecules, climate change, atmospheric and ocean dynamics, physics and cosmology, digital libraries, advanced visualization and interactive human systems. The Center will provide an open user facility at the multi-teraflop scale and a portal to resources in Europe and the US at the petaflop scale, accessible to the Cypriot and regional scientific community. It plans to offer regional and international educational programs in computational science. Initial activities of the Center are large-scale climate modeling, the analysis of the data generated by the SESAME synchrotron facility in Jordan, and the detailed storage and visualization of archaeological cultural information.
References

See the bibliography maintained by CyI's website

^ "The Cyprus Institute: Faculty and Staff". CyI. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
^ "The Cyprus Institute: The Campus". CyI. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
^ Lelieveld, J.; Hoor, P.; Jöckel, P.; Pozzer, A.; Hadjinicolaou, P.; Cammas, J.-P. ; Beirle, S. (2009). "Severe ozone air pollution in the Persian Gulf region". Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9 (4): 1393–1406. ISSN 1680-7316. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
^ "MIT-Cyprus program will focus on energy, environment, water". MIT Tech Talk. 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
^ "University of Illinois and Cyprus Institute partner on research center". University of Illinois. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
^ "The Cyprus Institute becomes part of the PRACE Project". ePractice.eu European Commission. Retrieved 2008-08-12.

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