A. Zeilinger (cropped)

Anton Zeilinger (German: [ˈtsaɪlɪŋɐ]; born 20 May 1945) is an Austrian quantum physicist and Nobel laureate in physics of 2022.[7] Zeilinger is professor of physics emeritus at the University of Vienna and senior scientist at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.[8] Most of his research concerns the fundamental aspects and applications of quantum entanglement.

In 2007, Zeilinger received the first Inaugural Isaac Newton Medal of the Institute of Physics, London for "his pioneering conceptual and experimental contributions to the foundations of quantum physics, which have become the cornerstone for the rapidly-evolving field of quantum information."[9][8] In October 2022, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, jointly with Alain Aspect and John Clauser for their outstanding work involving experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science.[10]

Early life and education

Anton Zeilinger was born in 1945 in Ried im Innkreis, Upper Austria, Austria. He studied physics and mathematics at the University of Vienna from 1963 to 1971. He received a doctor of philosophy from the University of Vienna in 1971, with a thesis on "Neutron depolarization measurements on a Dy-single crystal" under Helmut Rauch. He qualified as a university lecturer (habilitation) at the Vienna University of Technology in 1979.[11][12]

Zeilinger has held positions at TU Wien and the University of Innsbruck.[citation needed] He has held visiting positions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Humboldt University in Berlin, Merton College, Oxford, at Technical University of Munich and the Collège de France (Chaire Internationale) in Paris.[citation needed] Zeilinger's awards include the Wolf Prize in Physics (2010), the Inaugural Isaac Newton Medal of the IOP (2007) and the King Faisal International Prize (2005).

He is a member of seven scientific academies.[citation needed] Anton Zeilinger is currently professor emeritus in physics at the University of Vienna and senoir scientist at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He was president of the Austrian Academy of Sciences from 2013 till 2022.[13] Since 2006, Zeilinger is the vice chairman of the board of trustees of the Institute of Science and Technology Austria, an ambitious project initiated by Zeilinger's proposal. In 2009, he founded the International Academy Traunkirchen,[14] which is dedicated to the support of gifted students in science and technology. He is a fan of the Hitchhiker's Guide To The Galaxy by Douglas Adams, going so far as to name his sailboat 42.[15]

Zeilinger works in the foundations of quantum mechanics. He discovered, together with Daniel Greenberger and Michael Horne, novel counter-intuitive features of three- and four-particle states. He was the first, with his team, to realize those in experiment. This opened the field of multi-particle interference and multi-particle quantum correlations. Using the methods developed there, he performed the first quantum teleportation of an independent qubit. This was followed by the realization of entanglement swapping, a most interesting concept where an entangled state is teleported.[citation needed]

This work was followed by numerous tests of Bell’s inequalities, including a Cosmic Bell Test. Other fundamental experiments concerned Leggett’s nonlocal realistic theories, tests of quantum contextuality in Kochen-Specker experiments, and experiments on nonlocal Schrödinger steering with entangled states.[citation needed]

Many of these results became relevant in the development of quantum information technology, where he also performed pioneering experiments. His experiment on quantum dense coding was the first using entanglement to demonstrate a primitive, not possible in classical physics. He also realized the first entanglement-based quantum cryptography experiment and later, quantum communication over increasing distances and, implementing higher-dimensional states, with increasing information capacity. Possible applications also include one-way quantum computation and blind quantum computation. Among his further contributions to the experimental and conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics are matter wave interference all the way from neutrons via atoms to macromolecules such as fullerenes.[citation needed]
Quantum teleportation

Most widely known is his first realization of quantum teleportation of an independent qubit.[16] He later expanded this work to developing a source for freely propagating teleported qubits[17] and quantum teleportation over 144 kilometers between two Canary Islands.[18] Quantum teleportation is an essential concept in many quantum information protocols. Besides its role for the transfer of quantum information, it is also considered as an important possible mechanism for building gates within quantum computers.[19]
Entanglement swapping – teleportation of entanglement
Main article: Entanglement swapping

Entanglement swapping is the teleportation of an entangled state. After its proposal,[20] entanglement swapping has first been realized experimentally by Zeilinger's group in 1998.[21] It was then applied to carry out a delayed-choice entanglement swapping test.[22] Entanglement swapping is the crucial ingredient for quantum repeaters which are expected to connect future quantum computers.[citation needed]
Entanglement beyond two qubits – GHZ-states and their realizations
Anton Zeilinger holding a sculpture by Julian Voss-Andreae, photo by J. Godany

Anton Zeilinger contributed decisively to the opening up of the field of multi-particle entanglement.[23] In 1990, he was the first with Daniel Greenberger and Michael Horne to work on entanglement of more than two qubits.[24] The resulting GHZ theorem[25] (see Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger state) is fundamental for quantum physics, as it provides the most succinct contradiction between local realism and the predictions of quantum mechanics.[citation needed]

GHZ states were the first instances of multi-particle entanglement ever investigated.[26] Surprisingly, multi-particle entangled states exhibit qualitatively different properties compared to two-particle entanglement. In the 1990s, it became the main goal of Zeilinger's research to realize such GHZ states in the laboratory, which required the development of many new methods and tools.[citation needed]

Finally, in 1999, he succeeded in providing the first experimental evidence of entanglement beyond two particles[27] and also the first test of quantum nonlocality for GHZ states.[28] He also was the first to realize that there are different classes of higher-dimensional entangled states and proposed W-states. Today, multi-particle states have become an essential workhorse in quantum computation and thus, GHZ-states have even become an individual entry in the PACS code.[citation needed]
Quantum communication, quantum cryptography, quantum computation

In 1996, Anton Zeilinger with his group realized hyper-dense coding.[29] There, one can encode into one qubit more than one classical bit of information. This was the first realization of a quantum information protocol with an entangled state, where one is able to achieve something impossible with classical physics.[citation needed]

In 1998 (published in 2000),[30] his group was the first to implement quantum cryptography with entangled photons. Zeilinger's group is now also developing a quantum cryptography prototype in collaboration with industry.[citation needed]

He then also applied quantum entanglement to optical quantum computation, where in 2005,[31] he performed the first implementation of one-way quantum computation. This is a protocol based on quantum measurement as proposed by Knill, Laflamme and Milburn.[32] Most recently, it has been shown[33] that one-way quantum computation can be used to implement blind quantum computing. This solves a problem in Cloud computing, namely that, whatever algorithm a client employs on a quantum server is completely unknown, i.e. blind, to the operator of the server.[citation needed]

The experiments of Zeilinger and his group on the distribution of entanglement over large distances began with both free-space and fiber-based quantum communication and teleportation between laboratories located on the different sides of the river Danube.[34] This was then extended to larger distances across the city of Vienna[35] and over 144 km between two Canary Islands, resulting in a successful demonstration that quantum communication with satellites is feasible. His dream is to put sources of entangled light onto a satellite in orbit.[15] A first step was achieved during an experiment at the Italian Matera Laser Ranging Observatory.[36]
Further novel entangled states

With his group, Anton Zeilinger made many contributions to the realization of novel entangled states. The source for polarization-entangled photon pairs developed with Paul Kwiat when he was a PostDoc in Zeilinger's group[37] became a workhorse in many laboratories worldwide. The first demonstration of entanglement of orbital angular momentum of photons[38] opened up a new burgeoning field of research in many laboratories.[citation needed]
Macroscopic quantum superposition

Zeilinger is also interested to extend quantum mechanics into the macroscopic domain. In the early 1990s, he started experiments in the field of atom optics. He developed a number of ways to coherently manipulate atomic beams, many of which, like the coherent energy shift of an atomic De Broglie wave upon diffraction at a time-modulated light wave, have become cornerstones of today's ultracold atom experiments. In 1999, Zeilinger abandoned atom optics for experiments with very complex and massive macro-molecules – fullerenes. The successful demonstration of quantum interference for these C60 and C70 molecules[39] in 1999 opened up a very active field of research. Key results include the most precise quantitative study to date of decoherence by thermal radiation and by atomic collisions and the first quantum interference of complex biological macro-molecules. This work is continued by Markus Arndt [de].[citation needed]

In 2005, Zeilinger with his group again started a new field, the quantum physics of mechanical cantilevers. The group was the first – in the year 2006 along with work from Heidmann in Paris and Kippenberg in Garching – to demonstrate experimentally the self-cooling of a micro-mirror by radiation pressure, that is, without feedback.[40] That phenomenon can be seen as a consequence of the coupling of a high-entropy mechanical system with a low-entropy radiation field. This work is now continued independently by Markus Aspelmeyer.[citation needed]

Using orbital angular momentum states, he was able to demonstrate entanglement of angular momentum up to 300 ħ.[41]
Further fundamental tests

Zeilinger's program of fundamental tests of quantum mechanics is aimed at implementing experimental realizations of many non-classical features of quantum physics for individual systems. In 1998,[42] he provided the final test of Bell's inequality closing the communication loophole by using superfast random number generators. His group also realized the first Bell inequality experiment implementing the freedom-of-choice condition[43] and provided the first realization of a Bell test without the fair sampling assumption for photons.[44] All these experiments are not only of fundamental interest, but also important for quantum cryptography. In 2015, at the same time as the group of Ronald Hanson at Delft University of Technology and the group of Sae-Woo Nam at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Zeilinger’s group closed the locality and detection loopholes in Bell experiments,[45] thereby corroborating quantum mechanics and ruling out theories that satisfy local causality and providing definitive proof that quantum cryptography can be unconditionally secure.[citation needed]

Among the further fundamental tests he performed the most notable one is his test of a large class of nonlocal realistic theories proposed by Leggett.[46] The group of theories excluded by that experiment can be classified as those which allow reasonable subdivision of ensembles into sub-ensembles. It goes significantly beyond Bell's theorem. While Bell showed that a theory which is both local and realistic is at variance with quantum mechanics, Leggett considered nonlocal realistic theories where the individual photons are assumed to carry polarization. The resulting Leggett inequality was shown to be violated in the experiments of the Zeilinger group.[47]

In an analogous way, his group showed that even quantum systems where entanglement is not possible exhibit non-classical features which cannot be explained by underlying non-contextual probability distributions.[48] It is expected that these latter experiments will also open up novel ways for quantum information.[citation needed]
Neutron interferometry

Anton Zeilinger's earliest work is perhaps his least known. His work on neutron interferometry has provided an important foundation for his later research achievements. As a member of the group of his thesis supervisor, Helmut Rauch, at the Technical University of Vienna, Zeilinger participated in a number of neutron interferometry experiments at the Institut Laue–Langevin (ILL) in Grenoble. His very first such experiment confirmed a fundamental prediction of quantum mechanics, the sign change of a spinor phase upon rotation.[49] This was followed by the first experimental realization of coherent spin superposition of matter waves. He continued his work in neutron interferometry at MIT with C.G. Shull (Nobel Laureate), focusing specifically on dynamical diffraction effects of neutrons in perfect crystals which are due to multi-wave coherent superposition. After his return to Europe, he built up an interferometer for very cold neutrons which preceded later similar experiments with atoms. The fundamental experiments there included a most precise test of the linearity of quantum mechanics. Zeilinger built a beautiful double-slit diffraction experiment [50] on the S18 instrument at the Institut Laue-Langevin which, later on, gained in accuracy and could act with only one neutron at a time in the apparatus.[51]

Then, as a professor at the University of Innsbruck, Zeilinger started experiments on entangled photons, as the low phase space density of neutrons produced by reactors precluded their use in such experiments. In all his career, from TU Vienna through Innsbruck and back to the University of Vienna, Zeilinger has had a most salubrious effect on the work of his colleagues and competitors alike, always noting connections and extensions to be investigated and unstintingly sharing remarks that have enhanced the field of quantum mechanics from foundational to purely applied work.[citation needed]
Honours and awards

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International prizes and awards

Nobel Prize (2022, with John Clauser, Alain Aspect)[10]
Micius Quantum Prize, Micius Quantum Foundation (2019, with Stephen Wiesner, Charles H. Bennett, Gilles Brassard, Artur Ekert and Pan Jianwei)[52]
Cozzarelli Prize in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, PNAS and National Academy of Sciences (2018, with Alexey A. Melnikov, Hendrik Poulsen Nautrup, Mario Krenn, Vedran Dunjko, Markus Tiersch and Hans Briegel)[53]
John Stewart Bell Prize for Research on Fundamental Issues in Quantum Mechanics and their Applications, University of Toronto (2017, with Ronald Hanson and Sae Woo Nam)[54]
Silver medal of the Senate of the Czech Republic (2017)[55]
Willis E. Lamb Award, Physics of Quantum Electronics (PQE) conference (2016, with Robin Côté, Maciej Lewenstein and John Madey)[56]
Academy Medal of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities (2015)[citation needed]
Medaille du Collège de France (2015)[citation needed]
Urania Medal, Urania Berlin (2013)[57]
Finalist, World Technology Award for Communications Technology, World Technology Network (2012)
Ben Gurion Medal, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2010)[citation needed]
Wolf Prize in Physics, Wolf Foundation (2010, with Alain Aspect and John Clauser)[58]
Grand Merit Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2009)[59]
ERC Advanced Grant, European Research Council (2008)[60]
International Quantum Communication Award, Tamagawa University (2008, with Jeffrey Shapiro, Akira Furusawa)[61]
Inaugural Isaac Newton Medal, Institute of Physics (2008)[62]
Quantum Electronics Prize, European Physical Society (2007)[63]
King Faisal International Prize in physics, King Faisal Foundation (2005)[64]
Descartes Prize, European Union, as member of the IST-QuComm project collaboration (2004)[65]
Lorenz-Oken Medal [Wikidata], Society of German Scientists and Physicians (2004)[66]
Klopsteg Memorial Award, American Association of Physics Teachers (2004)[67]
Sartorius Prize, Göttingen Academy of Sciences (2003)
Order Pour le Mérite for Arts and Sciences (2000)[68]
Senior Humboldt Fellow Prize, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2000)
European Optics Prize, European Optical Society (1997)
European Lecturer (1996)
Prix Vinci d'Excellence (1995)

Austrian prizes and awards

Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to Vienna, City of Vienna (2018)
Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (2015)
Tiroler Adler Orden, State Government of Tyrol (2013)
Grand Gold Decoration, City of Vienna (2006)
Wilhelm Exner Medal, Austrian Trade Association (2005).[69]
Johannes Kepler-Prize, State Government of Upper Austria (2002)
Austrian Decoration for Science and Art, Republic of Austria (2001, Austrian equivalent to the Order of Merit)[70]
Visionary of the Year in Science (2001)
Science Award of the City of Vienna (2000)
Kardinal Innitzer Würdigungspreis, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienna (1997)
Austrian Scientist of the Year (1996)
Junior Prize of the Theodor Körner Foundation (1980)
Prize for Junior Scientists, Kardinal Innitzer Foundation (1979)
Prize of the City of Vienna for the Encouragement of Young Scientists (1975)

Further distinctions

Honorary doctorates from the Humboldt University of Berlin (2005), the University of Gdańsk (2006), the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (2015), Technion (2020), the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (2020, award ceremony delayed due to COVID restrictions) and the Israel Institute of Technology (2020, award ceremony delayed due to COVID restrictions)
Honorary professorships from the University of Science and Technology of China (1996), Nanjing University (2016) and Xi’an Jiaotong University (2019)
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, Berlin-Brandenburg, Austrian, Slovak Academies of Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, the Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea, the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Academia Europaea and the French Académie des Sciences
Foreign Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Foreign Honorary Member of the Romanian Academy of Sciences
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus[71]
Fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) and Optica
Socio Corrispondente Straniero, Accademia Galileiana
Asteroid 48681 Zeilinger named for him to mark his 60th birthday (2005)
In 2005, Anton Zeilinger was among the "10 people who could change the world", elected by the British newspaper New Statesman.[72][73]

Distinguished lectureships

S.N. Bose Memorial Lecture, S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, India (2021)[74]
David M. Lee Historical Lecture in Physics, Harvard University, USA (2019)[75]
Bethe Lectures, Cornell University, USA (2016)
Zhongshan Lecture, Nanjing University, China (2016)
Robert Hofstadter Memorial Lecture, Stanford University, USA (2015)[76]
Montroll Memorial Lecture, University of Rochester, USA (2014)
Herzberg Memorial Lecture, Canadian Association of Physicists, Canada (2012)
Racah Lectures in Physics, Hebrew University, Israel (2012)
Cherwell-Simon Memorial Lectures, Oxford University, UK (2012)
Festkolloquium, 500. WE-Heraeus Seminar, Heraeus-Stiftung, Bad Honnef, Germany (2012)
Vice-Chancellor's Open Lecture Series, University of Cape Town, South Africa (2011)[77]
Mark W. Zemansky Lecture, City College of New York, US[78] (2011)
Van Vleck Lecture, University of Minnesota, US (2011)
Ockham Lecture, Merton College, Oxford University, UK (2010)[79]
Dvorak Memorial Lecture, University of Prague, Czech Republic (2010)
Celsius Lecture, Uppsala University, Sweden (2010)[80]
Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker Lectures, University of Hamburg, Germany (2009)
Festvortrag, 150th birthday of Max Planck, Max Planck Society, German Physical Society, Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany (2009)
Inaugural Kavli Colloquium, Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands (2009)[81]
Newton Prize Lecture, Institute of Physics, UK (2008)[82]
Asher Perez Memorial Lecture, Technion, Israel (2008)
Wolfgang-Paul Lecture, Bonn University, Germany (2007)[83]
Seventh Johannes Gutenberg Endowed Professorship, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany (2006)[84]
Colloquium Ehrenfestii, Leiden University, Netherlands (2004)[85]
Angstrom Lecture, Uppsala University, Sweden (2003)
Amos de-Shalit Memorial Lecture, Weizmann Institute, Israel (2003)
Solly Cohen and Shimon Ofer Memorial Lecture, Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel (2003)
Schrödinger Lecture, Imperial College, UK (2003)[86]
Niels Bohr Lecture, Copenhagen University, Denmark (2003)
Schrödinger Lecture, Trinity College, Ireland (1999)[87]
H.L. Welsh Lecture in Physics, University of Toronto, Canada (1997)[88]
Colloquium Ehrenfestii, Leiden University, Netherlands (1996)[85]

In popular culture

Zeilinger has been interviewed by Morgan Freeman in season 2 of Through the Wormhole.

Barz, Stefanie (15 October 2012). "Photonic Quantum Computing". Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 15 October 2021 – via
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"Prof. Jian-Wei Pan". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
Thomas Jennewein (11 June 2002). "Quantum Communication and Teleportation Experiments using Entangled Photon Pairs" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
"Gregor Weihs - CV". Universität Innsbruck. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
Weihs, G.; Jennewein, T.; Simon, C.; Weinfurter, H.; Zeilinger, A. (7 December 1998). "Violation of Bell's Inequality under Strict Einstein Locality Conditions". Physical Review Letters. 81 (23): 5039–5043. arXiv:quant-ph/9810080. Bibcode:1998PhRvL..81.5039W. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.81.5039. S2CID 29855302.
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"Curriculum Vitae Anton Zeilinger" (PDF). Austrian Academy of Sciences. 30 September 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 August 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
"Neutron depolarization measurements on a Dy-single crystal" (PDF). Austrian Academy of Sciences. 1972. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 January 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
"Anton Zeilinger – new President of the Austrian Academy of Sciences". Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology. 16 March 2013. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
"International Academy Traunkirchen". Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
Minkel, JR (1 August 2007). "The Gedanken Experimenter". Scientific American. 297 (2): 94–96. Bibcode:2007SciAm.297b..94M. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0807-94. PMID 17894178.
D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter & A. Zeilinger, Experimental Quantum Teleportation, Nature 390, 575–579 (1997). Abstract Archived 29 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Selected for the Nature “Looking Back” category of classic papers from Nature’s archive; one of ISI’s “Highly Cited Papers”.
J.-W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein & A. Zeilinger, Experimental Realization of Freely Propagating Teleported Qubits, Nature 421, 721–725 (2003). Abstract Archived 15 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.Selected by the International Institute of Physics as one of the top ten Physics Highlights in 2003.
X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin & A. Zeilinger, Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward, Nature 489, 269–273 (2012). Abstract Archived 4 October 2022 at the Wayback Machine. Ranked as a “highly cited paper” by Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science, placing it in the 1% of the academic field of physics based on a highly cited threshold for the field and publication year.
Shelton, Jim (5 September 2018). "Yale researchers 'teleport' a quantum gate". YaleNews. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, M. A. Horne & A.K. Ekert, Event-Ready-Detectors Bell Experiment via Entanglement Swapping, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4287–90 (1993). Abstract.
J.-W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter & A. Zeilinger, Experimental entanglement swapping: Entangling photons that never interacted, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 (18), 3891–3894 (1998). Abstract.
X.-S. Ma, S.Zotter, J. Kofler, R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, Č. Brukner & A. Zeilinger, Experimental delayed-choice entanglement swapping, Nature Physics 8, 479–484 (2012). Abstract Archived 4 October 2022 at the Wayback Machine.
D. Greenberger; M. Horne; A. Zeilinger (1 August 1993). "Multiparticle Interferometry and the Superposition Principle". Physics Today. 46 (8): 22. Bibcode:1993PhT....46h..22G. doi:10.1063/1.881360. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
D. M. Greenberger, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony & A. Zeilinger, Bell’s Theorem without Inequalities, American Journal of Physics 58, 1131–1143 (1990). This paper has become a citation classic.
Daniel M. Greenberger; Michael A. Horne; Anton Zeilinger (1989). "Going Beyond Bell's Theorem". In Kafatos, Menos (ed.). Bell's Theorem, Quantum Theory, and Conceptions of the Universe (1 ed.). Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 69–72. arXiv:0712.0921. ISBN 978-94-017-0849-4. Archived from the original on 24 February 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
Jian-Wei Pan; Zeng-Bing Chen; Chao-Yang Lu; Harald Weinfurter; Anton Zeilinger; Marek Żukowski (11 May 2012). "Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry". Rev. Mod. Phys. 84 (2): 777. arXiv:0805.2853. Bibcode:2012RvMP...84..777P. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.84.777. S2CID 119193263. Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021. Ranked as a “highly cited paper” by Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science, placing it in the 1% of the academic field of physics based on a highly cited threshold for the field and publication year.
D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, M. Daniell, H. Weinfurter & A. Zeilinger, Observation of three-photon Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger entanglement, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 (7), 1345–1349 (1999). Abstract Archived 4 October 2022 at the Wayback Machine.
J.-W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, M. Daniell, H. Weinfurter & A. Zeilinger, Experimental test of quantum nonlocality in three-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger entanglement, Nature 403, 515–519 (2000). Abstract Archived 15 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P.G. Kwiat & A. Zeilinger, Dense Coding in Experimental Quantum Communication, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656–59 (1996). Abstract.
T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter & A. Zeilinger, Quantum Cryptography with Entangled Photons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000). Abstract. This paper was featured in several popular science magazines, both online and in print.
P. Walther, K.J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer & A. Zeilinger, Experimental one-way quantum computing, Nature 434 (7030), 169–176 (2005). Abstract Archived 4 October 2022 at the Wayback Machine.
E. Knill, R. Laflamme & G. J. Milburn, A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics, Nature 409, 46–52 (2001). Abstract Archived 14 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
S. Barz, E. Kashefi, A. Broadbent, J. F. Fitzsimons, A. Zeilinger & P. Walther, Demonstration of Blind Quantum Computing, Science 20, 303–308 (2012). Abstract.
Rupert Ursin; Thomas Jennewein; Markus Aspelmeyer; Rainer Kaltenbaek; Michael Lindenthal; Philip Walther; Anton Zeilinger (18 August 2004). "Quantum teleportation across the Danube". Nature. 430 (7002): 849. doi:10.1038/430849a. PMID 15318210. S2CID 4426035. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
Markus Aspelmeyer; Hannes R. Böhm; Tsewang Gyatso; Thomas Jennewein; Rainer Kaltenbaek; Michael Lindenthal; Gabriel Molina-Terriza; Andreas Poppe; Kevin Resch; Michael Taraba; Rupert Ursin; Philip Walther; Anton Zeilinger (1 August 2003). "Long-Distance Free-Space Distribution of Quantum Entanglement". Science. 301 (5633): 621–623. Bibcode:2003Sci...301..621A. doi:10.1126/science.1085593. PMID 12817085. S2CID 40583982.
P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger & C. Barbieri,Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between Space and Earth Archived 22 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine, New Journal of Physics 10, 033038 (2008). Highlight of New J. Phys. for 2008.
P.G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A.V. Sergienko & Y.H. Shih, New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 (24), 4337–41 (1995). Abstract.
A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs & A. Zeilinger, Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons, Nature 412 (6844), 313–316 (2001). Abstract Archived 3 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
M. Arndt, O. Nairz, J. Voss-Andreae, C. Keller, G. van der Zouw & A. Zeilinger, Wave-particle duality of C60 molecules, Nature 401, 680–682 (1999). Abstract Archived 21 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Selected by the American Physical Society as a physics highlight of 1999.
S. Gigan, H. R. Böhm, M. Paternostro, F. Blaser, G. Langer, J. B. Hertzberg, K. Schwab, D. Bäuerle, M. Aspelmeyer & A. Zeilinger, Self-cooling of a micro-mirror by radiation pressure, Nature 444, 67–70 (2006). Abstract Archived 1 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Selected as “Highlight of the recent literature” by Science (January 2007). Ranked as a highly cited paper by Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science, placing it in the 1% of the academic field of physics based on a highly cited threshold for the field and publication year.
R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schäff, S. Ramelow & A. Zeilinger, Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta, Science 338, 640–643 (2012). Abstract Archived 29 December 2021 at the Wayback Machine. Selected as one of the top 10 breakthroughs of the year 2012 by IOP’s Physics World. Also featured in DPG’s Physik Journal. Ranked as a “highly cited paper” by Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science, placing it in the 1% of the academic field of physics based on a highly cited threshold for the field and publication year.
G. Weihs, T. Jennewein, C. Simon, H. Weinfurter & A. Zeilinger, Violation of Bell’s inequality under strict Einstein locality conditions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (23), 5039–5043 (1998). Abstract. This paper is a classic. It is cited (among others) in the German Wikipedia article on Bell’s inequality and in several popular science books and science books for University students.
T. Scheidl, R. Ursin, J. Kofler, S. Ramelow, X. Ma, T. Herbst, L. Ratschbacher, A. Fedrizzi, N. K. Langford, T. Jennewein & A. Zeilinger, Violation of local realism with freedom of choice, PNAS 107 (46), 19709 – 19713 (2010). Abstract
M. Giustina; A. Mech; S. Ramelow; B. Wittmann; J. Kofler; J. Beyer; A. Lita; B. Calkins; T. Gerrits; S.-W. Nam; R. Ursin; A. Zeilinger (2013). "Bell violation using entangled photons without the fair-sampling assumption". Nature. 497 (7448): 227–230. arXiv:1212.0533. Bibcode:2013Natur.497..227G. doi:10.1038/nature12012. PMID 23584590. S2CID 18877065. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2021.. Ranked as a “highly cited paper” by Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science, placing it in the 1% of the academic field of physics based on a highly cited threshold for the field and publication year.
Giustina, Marissa; Versteegh, Marijn A. M.; Wengerowsky, Sören; Handsteiner, Johannes; Hochrainer, Armin; Phelan, Kevin; Steinlechner, Fabian; Kofler, Johannes; Larsson, Jan-Åke; Abellán, Carlos; Amaya, Waldimar; Pruneri, Valerio; Mitchell, Morgan W.; Beyer, Jörn; Gerrits, Thomas; Lita, Adriana E.; Shalm, Lynden K.; Nam, Sae Woo; Scheidl, Thomas; Ursin, Rupert; Wittmann, Bernhard; Zeilinger, Anton (2015). "Significant-Loophole-Free Test of Bell's Theorem with Entangled Photons". Physical Review Letters. 115 (25): 250401. arXiv:1511.03190. Bibcode:2015PhRvL.115y0401G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.250401. PMID 26722905. S2CID 13789503. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
A. J. Leggett, Nonlocal Hidden-Variable Theories and Quantum Mechanics: An Incompatibility Theorem, Foundations of Physics 33 (10), 1469–1493 (2003)(doi:10.1023/A:1026096313729) Abstract Archived 4 October 2022 at the Wayback Machine.
S. Gröblacher, T. Paterek, R. Kaltenbaek, C. Brukner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer & A. Zeilinger, An experimental test of non-local realism, Nature 446, 871–875 (2007). Abstract Archived 15 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
R. Lapkiewicz, P. Li, C. Schäff, N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, M. Wiesniak & A. Zeilinger, Experimental non-classicality of an indivisible quantum system, Nature 474, 490–493 (2011).Abstract Archived 7 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
H. Rauch; A. Zeilinger; G. Badurek; A. Wilfing; W. Bauspiess; U. Bonse (20 October 1975). "Verification of coherent spinor rotation of fermions". Physics Letters A. 54 (6): 425–427. Bibcode:1975PhLA...54..425R. doi:10.1016/0375-9601(75)90798-7. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
Zeilinger, Anton; Gähler, Roland; Shull, C. G.; Treimer, Wolfgang; Mampe, Walter (1 October 1988). "Single- and double-slit diffraction of neutrons". Reviews of Modern Physics. 60 (4): 1067–1073. Bibcode:1988RvMP...60.1067Z. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.60.1067. ISSN 0034-6861.
Hasegawa, Yuji; Loidl, Rudolf; Badurek, Gerald; Baron, Matthias; Rauch, Helmut (September 2003). "Violation of a Bell-like inequality in single-neutron interferometry". Nature. 425 (6953): 45–48. Bibcode:2003Natur.425...45H. doi:10.1038/nature01881. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 12955134. S2CID 39583445.
"2019 Laureates". The Micius Quantum Prize. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
Null (6 May 2019). "2018 Cozzarelli Prize recipients". PNAS. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
"Ronald Hanson, Sae-Woo Nam and Anton Zeilinger awarded the Fifth Bell Prize". University of Toronto. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
"Stříbrné medaile předsedy Senátu" [Silver medals of the President of the Senate]. Senát PČR (in Czech). 19 September 2022. Archived from the original on 19 September 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
"The Willis E. Lamb Award for Laser Science and Quantum Optics". Lamb Award. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
"Verleihung der Urania-Medaille 2013". Urania (in German). 21 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
"Anton Zeilinger". Wolf Foundation. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
"Anton Zeilinger honoured with the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany". Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - Vienna of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2022. "Anton Zeilinger was bestowed with the “Großes Bundesverdienstkreuz mit Stern”"
"Two grantees win 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics". European Research Council. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
"Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement, and Computing (QCM&C)". Tamagawa University. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
"Isaac Newton Medal and Prize recipients". IOP. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
"QEOD Prizes - EPS Quantum Electronics Prizes". European Physical Society. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
"All time Winners". KFIP. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
"IST-QuComm wins the EU Descartes price 2004". KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
"Persönlichkeiten". GDNÄ - Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte (in German). Preisträger Der Lorenz-oken-medaille. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
"Klopsteg Memorial Lecture". American Association of Physics Teachers. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
"Verzeichnis der Mitglieder" (PDF). Pour le mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste. 25 August 2022. p. 48.
Editor, ÖGV. (2015). Wilhelm Exner Medal. Austrian Trade Association. ÖGV. Austria.
"Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1436. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
"Honorary and foreign members". NAS of Belarus. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
"Ten people who could change the world". New Statesman. 8 January 2009. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
McFadden, Johnjoe (17 October 2005). "Anton Zeilinger". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2012. "Johnjoe McFadden on the physicist who could just make the dream of teleportation possible"
"Celebration of 128th Birth Anniversary of Satyendranath Bose & 25th S.N Bose Memorial Lecture by Prof. Anton Zeilinger". Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Lee Historical Lecture: Anton Zeilinger". Harvard University. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Robert Hofstadter Memorial lecture series". Stanford University, Physics Department. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Vice-Chancellor's Open Lecture Series". University of Cape Town News. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Special Events and Colloquia". The City College of New York. 8 October 2019. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"The Ockham Lectures". Merton College. Archived from the original on 13 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Celsius-Linnaeus Lectures on unknown worlds". Uppsala University. 18 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Kavli Colloquia". Kavli Institute of Nanoscience. Archived from the original on 19 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"AT 2 Newton Lecture 2008: Quantum Information" (Video). Institute of Physics. 10 August 2012. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"2007: Anton Zeilinger". Wolfgang-Paul Lecture (in German). Bonn University. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Stiftungsprofessor 2006: Anton Zeilinger". Johannes-Gutenberg Stiftungsprofessur (in German). Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
"Colloquium Ehrenfestii". Leiden Institute of Physics. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
"The Schrödinger Lecture". Imperial College London. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
"The Schrödinger Lecture Series". Trinity College Dublin. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.

"H.L. Welsh Distinguished Lecturers in Physics, 1975–2013". University of Toronto. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.

External links

Anton Zeilinger on Edit this at Wikidata
Anton Zeilinger publications indexed by Google Scholar Edit this at Wikidata
Curriculum Vitae of Anton Zeilinger
"Prof. Dr. Anton Zeilinger". Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
Quantum Teleportation by Zeilinger, 2003 update of 2000 Scientific American article
Hans Christian von Baeyer (17 February 2001). "In the beginning was the bit". New Scientist. 169 (2278): 26–30.
Spooky action and beyond an interview with Anton Zeilinger at
The lecture delivered by Professor Anton Zeilinger as the inaugural recipient of the Isaac Newton Medal, Institute of Physics, 17 June 2008, [1] (68 min 25 sec).
Note: On the page linked, a second video is accommodated which shows Professor Zeilinger speaking amongst others about his personal life.
Anton Zeilinger on the opening panel discussion at the Quantum to Cosmos festival at Perimeter Institute with Katherine Freese, Leo Kadanoff, Lawrence Krauss, Neil Turok, Sean M. Carroll, Gino Segrè, Andrew White, and David Tong.
Homepage of the International Academy Traunkirchen
Es stellt sich letztlich heraus, dass Information ein wesentlicher Grundbaustein der Welt ist, a German-language interview with Zeilinger by Andrea Naica-Loebell

Physics Encyclopedia

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