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Rosalba Carriera

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Africa Print by Rosalba Carriera

Africa

The Singer Faustina Bordoni with a Musical Score Print by Rosalba Carriera

The Singer Faustina Bordoni with a Musical Score

Personification of America Print by Rosalba Carriera

Personification of America

Portrait of a lady in a silver dress with a blue shawl Print by Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a lady in a silver dress with a blue shawl

Painting Print by Rosalba Carriera

Painting

Gustavus Hamilton Second Viscount Boyne in Masquerade Costume Print by Rosalba Carriera

Gustavus Hamilton Second Viscount Boyne in Masquerade Costume

Diana Print by Rosalba Carriera

Diana

Apollo Print by Rosalba Carriera

Apollo

Rosalba Carriera

King August III of Poland

Rosalba Carriera

Winter

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a boy of the Leblond Family

Rosalba Carriera

A gentleman, facing right in gold-embroidered silver coat, embroidered gold waistcoat and lace cravat, full bottomed powdered curling wig, stormy sky background

Rosalba Carriera

A Muse

Rosalba Carriera

A Woman holding Flowers Allegory of Summer and A Woman holding Grapes Allegory of Autumn

Rosalba Carriera

A Woman Offering a Garland of Flowers to Eros

Rosalba Carriera

A Woman Putting Flowers in Her Hair

Rosalba Carriera

A Young Woman in Tyrolean Costume

Rosalba Carriera

Allegory of Air

Rosalba Carriera

Allegories of the Four Continents America, Asia, Europe and Africa

Rosalba Carriera

Allegory

Rosalba Carriera

Allegory of America

Rosalba Carriera

An Allegorical Female Figure, possibly Spring

Rosalba Carriera

An Allegorical Figure of a Young Woman wearing a Laurel Crown

Rosalba Carriera

Autumn

Rosalba Carriera

Bacchante with Tambourine (Allegory of Music)

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Daniele Antonio Bertoli

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait Of Lord St. Georg

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a gentleman, probably Philipps Dashwood

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a young woman

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Flora

Rosalba Carriera

Spring

Rosalba Carriera

Female portrait with mask

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Cardinal Melchior de Polignac

Rosalba Carriera

Elderly Lady

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Boy

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Gentleman in Red

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Man

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Sister Maria Caterina

Rosalba Carriera

Young Cavalier

Rosalba Carriera

A Venetian Lady from the House of Barbarigo (Caterina Sagredo Barbarigo)

Rosalba Carriera

Caterina Sagredo Barbarigo as Berenice

Rosalba Carriera

Charles Sackville, 2nd duke of Dorset

Rosalba Carriera

Comtesse Miari

Rosalba Carriera

Lady in blue with colorful floral dress

Rosalba Carriera

Diana, bust-length, turning to the right

Rosalba Carriera

A noble lady

Rosalba Carriera

Faustina

Rosalba Carriera

Female Head with a Ribbon and Laurels In the Hair

Rosalba Carriera

Flora

Rosalba Carriera

Flora

Rosalba Carriera

Francoise-Marie de Bourbon as Amphitrite

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of the French Consul Leblond in Venice

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait young woman

Rosalba Carriera

Greve Nils Bielke

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a Child in Face

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a Child in Profile

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a Fair-Haired Woman

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a girl looking down to the left

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a Woman

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a Young Dark-Haired Woman

Rosalba Carriera

Head of a young girl

Rosalba Carriera

Head of Diana

Rosalba Carriera

Henrietta Anne-Sophie de Modène

Rosalba Carriera

Henry Fiennes Clinton

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Josepha Castelbarco Visconti

Rosalba Carriera

The Water

Rosalba Carriera

L'Amour dirigeant un concert ou La musique

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Louis XV as a Young Man

Rosalba Carriera

Maria Josepha von Sachsen-Litauen-Polen-Oesterreich

Rosalba Carriera

Marie-Anne , Mademoiselle de Clermont

Rosalba Carriera

Nymph from Apollo's Retinue

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Woman as Diana

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Woman as Diana

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a young girl

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Gentleman

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a girl looking to the left, bust-length, wearing a blue mantle

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a girl, bust-length

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Lady

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Lady as Diana

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Lady

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a lady, bust-length, in a silver dress with a blue shawl

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a lady, half-length, in low-cut dress, with a kitten in her arms (illustrated); and Portrait of a lady, half-length, in low-cut dress, leaning over a balustrade

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Lady

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a man, bust-length

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Man

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a poetess crowned with a laurel wreath, bust-length

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Woman Dressed with Jewels

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Woman Wearing a Laurel Wreath

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a woman, bust-length, holding a musical score

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Woman

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Young Child

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Young Girl

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a young Lady in a Dress Trimmed with Fur

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a young Lady

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Young Woman. Study

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Countess d'Orsini, bust-length

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Elisabetta Algarotti Dandolo

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Lewis Watson, 2nd Earl of Rockingham (circa 1714-1745), bust-length

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Philip Wharton, 1st Duke of Wharton

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of the Electoral Princess Maria Amalia of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empress and Archduchess of Austria (1701–1756) and wife of Emperor Charles VII.

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Thomas Chase (1729-88), half-length, in a blue coat

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait assumed to be of the gouvernante Crozat

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Caterina Sagredo Barbarigo

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Barbara Campanini 'La Barberina'

Rosalba Carriera

Girl with a Parrot

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of the Marquis Giovanni Carlo Molinari

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of the Marquis Giovanni Carlo Molinari

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Woman with a Lyre

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Capuchin friar

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Lady

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of a Gentleman with Green Jacket

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Giovanni Carlo Molinari

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Lady with Turkish Costume

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of the French Consul Le Blond

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Antoine Watteau

Rosalba Carriera

Self portrait

Rosalba Carriera

Self portrait

Rosalba Carriera

Self portrait

Rosalba Carriera

Self portrait as 'Innocence', holding a dove in her arms, grey dress with red lined grey stole, white flower and foliage in her swept back, fair, curling hair

Rosalba Carriera

Selfportrait as a Male Artist

Rosalba Carriera

Spring

Rosalba Carriera

Summer

Rosalba Carriera

Head of girl with flowers in her hair braids

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of Ursula Katharina of Altenbockum (1680-1743)

Rosalba Carriera

The four seasons

Rosalba Carriera

Madonna

Rosalba Carriera

Venus and two putti

Rosalba Carriera

Venus

Rosalba Carriera

Young Girl Holding a Monkey

Rosalba Carriera

Copy, The four seasons

Rosalba Carriera

Copy, The four seasons

Rosalba Carriera

Copy, The four seasons

Rosalba Carriera

Portrait of the countess Anna Katharina Orzelska

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

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Personification of America Print by Rosalba Carriera

Personification of America

Rosalba Zuanna Carriera (12 January 1673[1][2] – 15 April 1757) was a Venetian Rococo painter. In her younger years, she specialized in portrait miniatures. She later became known for her pastel work, a medium appealing to Rococo styles for its soft edges and flattering surfaces.

Biography

Born in Venice with two sisters, Rosalba Carriera was a prominent and greatly admired portrait artist of the Italian Rococo. Her family was from the lower-middle-class in Venice, and as a child, she began her artistic career by making lace-patterns for her mother, who was engaged in that trade. Others claim that she received initial instruction in oil technique from the Venetian painter Giuseppe Diamantini.[3]

As snuff-taking became popular, Carriera began painting miniatures for the lids of snuff-boxes, and was the first painter to use ivory for this purpose. Gradually, this work evolved into portrait-painting, for which she pioneered the exclusive use of pastel. Prominent foreign visitors to Venice, young sons of the nobility on the grand tour and diplomats for example, clamoured to be painted by her.[4] The portraits of her early period include those of Maximilian II of Bavaria; Frederick IV of Denmark; the 12 most beautiful Venetian court ladies; the "Artist and her Sister Naneta" (Uffizi); and August the Strong of Saxony, who acquired a large collection of her pastels.[5]

By 1721, during Carriera's first trip to Paris, portraits by her were in great demand. While in Paris, as a guest of the great amateur and art collector, Pierre Crozat. She painted Watteau, all the royalty and nobility from the King and Regent downwards, and was elected a member of the Academy by acclamation.[6] Her brother-in-law, the painter Antonio Pellegrini, married to her sister Angela, was also in Paris that year. Pellegrini was employed by John Law, a British financier and adventurer, to paint the ceiling of the Grand Salle in Law's new Bank building.

Carriera's other sister, Giovanna, and her mother, were members of the party in France. Both sisters, particularly Giovanna, helped her in painting the hundreds of portraits she was asked to execute. Carriera's diary of these 18 months in Paris was later published by her devoted admirer, Antonio Zanetti, the Abbé Vianelli, in 1793. Her extensive correspondence has also been published.[7] She returned to Venice in 1721, visited Modena, Parma, and Vienna, and was received with much enthusiasm by rulers and courts.

In later life, Carriera made a long journey to the court of the Poland. The works she executed there were later to form the basis of the large collection in the Altemeister Gallery in Dresden. In 1705, she was made an 'Accademico di merito' by the Roman Accademia di San Luca, a title reserved for non-Roman painters.

Still immensely popular and in great demand (and, in effect, the wage-earner of her family), Carriera returned to Venice. Her portraits were highly refined and flattering, almost always consisting of a bust-length pose, with the body turned slightly away and the head turned to face the viewer. Carriera had an unusual ability to represent textures and patterns, faithfully re-creating fabrics, gold braid, lace, furs, jewels, hair and skin and show-casing the sumptuous, material life-style of her rich and influential patrons. Her self-portrait work diverges from typical expectations of women artists of the time by aiming for an unvarnished appearance. One such example is Self-Portrait as an Old Woman(c.1746), whose mismatched eyes hint at the eye problems which plagued her in later life.[8]

The last years of Carriera's long life were tragic, as her sight, which might have been damaged by miniature-painting in her youth, deserted her completely, and she went blind. She endured two unsuccessful cataract operations. She outlived all her family, spending her last years in a little house in the Dorsoduro district of Venice, where she died at the age of 84.

Legacy

In Prideaux Place, Padstow, Cornwall, there is a charming portrait by Carriera of Humphrey Prideaux, the archetypal gentry son pictured on his "Grand Tour," in which a love-letter from Carriera to the sitter is reputed to have been hidden behind the frame. She had many male friends and many aristocratic admirers of her talent.

References

Jeffares, Neil. "Dictionary of Pastellists before 1800". http://www.pastellists.com.
"Rosalba Carriera". http://www.finestresullarte.info/.
Hobbes, James R. (1849). Picture collector's manual adapted to the professional man, and the amateur. T&W Boone, 29 Bond Street. p. 74.
Rosalba Carriera by Bernardina Sani, Umberto Allemandi & co. Ed. (1988), as reviewed by Francis Russell, The Burlington Magazine (1989) p857
New International Encyclopedia
New International Encyclopedia
Rosalba Carriera: lettere, diari, frammenti by Bernardina Sani, Leo S. Olschski ed., Firenze (1985), as reviewed by Francis Haskell in The Burlington Magazine 1987. p122-123

Frances Borzello, Seeing Ourselves: Women's Self-Portraiture 1998

Sources of information

Consult the biographies of Sensier, with translation of her diary (Paris. 1865), Von Hoerschelmann (Leipzig, 1908), and Malamani (Milan, 1910).
Sensier's (highly annotated) version of her journal of two years in Paris (1720-1721) is available on-line in French:
Journal de Rosalba Carriera pendant son séjour à Paris en 1720 et 1721 / publié en italien par Vianelli ; trad., annoté et augm. d'une biographie et de documents inédits sur les artistes et les amateurs du temps, par Alfred Sensier: J. Techener (Paris) 1865

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