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Peter Ykens [1] (1648 – 1695), was a Flemish painter mainly known for his history paintings and portraits. He regularly collaborated with specialist still painters and landscape artists for whose works he provided the staffage.[2][3]


He was born in Antwerp as the son of Johannes Ykens, a sculptor and painter, and his second wife Barbara Brekevelt. He was baptized on 30 January 1648. He was the brother of the flower painter Catherine Ykens II.[4] He was trained by his father.[5] He was admitted in the guild year 1673-1674 as a master of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in the capacity of a wijnmeester (son of a master).[6]
Portrait of the d'Angimont Lacroix family

According to the French biographer Jean-Baptiste Descamps Ykens intended, like so many of his compatriots, to travel to Rome, but then got married and abandoned the idea. Descamps further writes that Ykens tried to make up for this failure to visit Italy by studying prints after Italian works, Italian antiques and plaster reliefs to hone his skills.[7]

He married Maria Anna van Bredael, daughter of the painter Peeter van Bredael on 14 July 1671. The couple had 11 or possibly 13 children.[4][8] His career did not take off immediately and in the first years he had to work at a daily rate for Antoon van Leyen, an Antwerp alderman. Gradually his fortune improved and he received commissions for altarpieces in Antwerp and Mechelen. He also painted portraits including a portrait of King Charles II of Spain. He further received commissions for the design of tapestries. In 1689 he was elected dean of the Guild of Saint Luke.[4]

He trained 28 pupils including Karel Breydel, Erasmus Causse, Gaspaer Janssens, Jan Thomas van Kessel, Henderick van Mael, Francis Scalie, Jan Baptist Kretsaert and Jacob Leyssens.[4][5][9]

His eldest son Jan Frans became a staffage painter who collaborated with still life painters of flowers and fruit.[4]

He died in Antwerp.[5]


He painted portraits and Christian religious representations and made a large number of altarpieces and paintings for local churches and palaces.[10]
An architectural capriccio with putti, with Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Younger

As was the custom in Antwerp at the time, he often worked together with other painters who were specialists in particular genres. He is known to have collaborated with Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Elder, Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Younger, Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Younger and Jacob Melchior van Herck, specialists in flower still lives, and Ferdinand van Kessel, a landscape artist. He painted the staffage for these artists.[2][3]

He provided designs for the tapestry workshops. He is believed to have collaborated with Pieter Spierinckx (1635–1711) on the design for Orpheus Playing the Lyre to Hades and Persephone (a scene from Orpheus and Eurydice or The Metamorphoses) which was woven around 1685 in the Wauters workshop in Antwerp.[11] He also produced a series of six cartons after prints by Charles Lebrun depicting the Story of Alexander and Darius.[4]

Many name variations: Peter Eijckens, Pieter Eijckens, Peter Eijkens, Pieter Eijkens, Peter Eyckens, Pieter Eyckens, Peter Eykens, Pieter Eykens, Peter IJkens, Pieter IJkens, Pieter Ykens
John Gould , ‘’Biographical Dictionary of Painters, Sculptors, Engravers, and Architects, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time: Interspersed with Original Anecdotes, Volume 1’’, Greenland, 1838. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
toegeschreven aan Jacob Melchior van Herck en toegeschreven aan Peter Ykens, Flora, een allegorie van de lente at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
Frans Jozef Peter Van den Branden, Geschiedenis der Antwerpsche schilderschool, Antwerpen, 1883, pp. 1113-1115 (in Dutch)
Peter Ykens at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
Ph. Rombouts and Th. van Lerius, De liggeren en andere historische archieven der Antwerpsche sint Lucasgilde Volume 2, Antwerp, 1864, p. 416, on Google books (in Dutch)
Peter Ykens in: Jean Baptiste Descamps, La Vie des Peintres Flamands, Allemands et Hollandois, avec des portraits gravés en Taille-douce, une indication de leurs principaux Ouvrages, & des réflexions sur leurs différentes manieres, Deel 3, 1760
Ph. Rombouts and Th. van Lerius, p. 416-417
Ph. Rombouts and Th. van Lerius, p. 513
Toon. "Wortel: Peter Eyckens and Saint-John The Baptist". Retrieved 3 August 2017.
Orpheus Playing the Lyre to Hades and Persephone, from Orpheus and Eurydice or The Metamorphoses at the Art Institute of Chicago


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