-+- ART -+-

 

- Art Gallery -

-+- ART -+-

 

Buy Fine Art

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel the Elder,

The Census at Bethlehem. Pieter Bruegel the Elder

1566, oil on wood, 116 x 164.5 cm
Brussels, Musée des Beaux-Arts Royaux

---

Volkszählung zu Bethlehem. Pieter Bruegel d. Ä.

1566, Öl auf Holz, 116 × 164,5 cm
Brüssel, Musée Royaux des Beaux-Arts

----

. Πήτερ Μπρίγκελ ο πρεσβύτερος

, Βρυξέλλες,

----

The Census at Bethlehem (also known as The Numbering at Bethlehem) is an oil-on-panel by Flemish renaissance artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder, painted in 1566. Acquired in 1902, it is currently held and exhibited at the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium in Brussels.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel the Elder,
The Census at Bethlehem, Detail

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel the Elder,
The Census at Bethlehem, Detail

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel the Elder,
The Census at Bethlehem, Detail

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel the Elder,
The Census at Bethlehem, Detail

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel the Elder,
The Census at Bethlehem, Detail


Description

As often before, Bruegel treats a biblical story as a contemporary event. And once again, reference to particular political events has been adduced - in this case, the severity of the Spanish administration in the southern Netherlands.[2] However, Bruegel may well be making a more general criticism of bureaucratic methods.[3]

The events depicted are described in Luke 2, 1-5:

And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered... So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child.

— Luke 2:1-5, NKJV[4]

This is a rare subject in previous Netherlandish art. The ruined castle in the backgroundsee 2nd detail is based on the towers and gates of Amsterdam.[5]
Notes

Signed "BRVEGEL 1566"
Under Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, the Netherlands region was part of the Seventeen Provinces, which also included most of present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, and some land in France and Germany.
Cf. Pietro Allegretti. Brueghel. Milan:Skira, 2003. ISBN 0-00-001088-X (Italian)
From online Luke 2
Cf. Max Seidel, Roger H. Marijnissen. Bruegel. Pt.2, Random House, 1985. ISBN 0-517-44772-X

References

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Further reading

Orenstein, Nadine M., ed. (2001). Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Drawings and Prints. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 9780870999901. (see index)

External links

The Census at the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium (French)
Bosch Bruegel Society
99 works by Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Creative Bruegel laid the foundation of the Netherlands School (Russian)
"Bruegel". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.

----

Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | Phone Cases | Lifestyle | Face Masks | Men's , Women' Apparel | Home Decor | jigsaw puzzles | Notebooks | Tapestries | ...

----

Paintings, List

Zeichnungen, Gemälde

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library