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National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Moses Striking Water from the Rock, Bacchiacca

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

The Twins Clara and Aelbert de Bray, Salomon de Bray

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

The Holy Family with the Infant St John the Baptist in a Landscape, Denys Calvaert

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Still Life, Flowers in a Vase, Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Niagara Falls, from the American Side, Frederic Edwin Church

Dedham Vale, John Constable

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Two legends of St. Nicholas, Gerard David

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Two legends of St. Nicholas, Gerard David

Portrait of Diego Martelli, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Francesca da Rimini, William Dyce

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Piety: The Knights of the Round Table about to Depart in Quest of the Holy Grail, William Dyce

Portrait of family Lomellini, Anthony van Dyck

Il Contento, Adam Elsheimer

Portrait of a Man, François-Xavier Fabre

Vision after the Sermon, Paul Gauguin

Christ as Saviour, El Greco

An Allegory with a Boy Lighting a Candle in the Company of an Ape and a Fool (Fábula), El Greco

Girl with a Dead Canary, Jean-Baptiste Greuze

Santa Maria della Salute, Francesco Guardi

Verdonck, Frans Hals

Portrait of a Standing Man, Frans Hals

Portrait of a Standing Woman, Frans Hals

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Portrait of Sarah Macholm in prison, William Hogarth

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

An Allegory of the Old and New Testaments, Hans Holbein the Younger

Hellenica World, Paintings, Drawings

St John the Baptist in the Wilderness, Bernardino Lanino

Mary with the child, Lorenzo Monaco

Landscape with Apollo , the Muses and river god, Claude Lorrain

Poplars on the Epte, Claude Monet

A View of Tantallon Castle, Alexander Nasmyth

Moses Striking Water from the Rock, Nicolas Poussin

Sacrament of Penance, Nicolas Poussin

Colonel Alastair Macdonell of Glengarry, Henry Raeburn

Portrait of Mrs Robert Scott Moncrieff, Henry Raeburn

Portrait of David Hume, Allan Ramsay

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Portrait of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Allan Ramsay

Young woman in bed, Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn

The Feast of Herododes, Peter Paul Rubens

Self-portrait, Andrea del Sarto

Finding of Moses, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Allegory of the three ages of man, Titian

Actaeon surprising Diana when bathing, Titian

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Diana and Callisto, Titian

Summer Hill near Tunbridge, Joseph Mallord William Turner

Christ with Mary and Martha, Jan Vermeer van Delft

Mars and Venus, Paolo Veronese

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

The Cromartie Fool, Richard Waitt

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

The hunter of the nest, Antoine Watteau

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Venetian festivals ( Fêtes venitiennes ), Antoine Watteau

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

Alexander III of Scotland Rescued from the Fury of a Stag by the Intrepidity of Colin Fitzgerald ('The Death of the Stag'), Benjamin West

Olive Trees , Vincent van Gogh

Olive Trees , Vincent van Gogh

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

The Rest on the Return from Egypt, Paris Bordone

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Famous Artists - Francesca da Rimini by William Dyce

Francesca da Rimini

The Scottish National Gallery is the national art gallery of Scotland. It is located on The Mound in central Edinburgh, in a neoclassical building designed by William Henry Playfair, and first opened to the public in 1859.[1] The gallery houses the Scottish national collection of fine art, including Scottish and international art from the beginning of the Renaissance up to the start of the 20th century.


The origins of Scotland's national collection lie with the Royal Institution for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts in Scotland, founded in 1819. It began to acquire paintings, and in 1828 the Royal Institution building opened on The Mound. In 1826, the Scottish Academy was founded by a group of artists as an offshoot of the Royal Institution, and in 1838 it became the Royal Scottish Academy (RSA). A key aim of the RSA was the founding of a national collection. It began to build up a collection and from 1835 rented exhibition space within the Royal Institution building.[1]

In the 1840s plans were put in place for a new building to house the RSA in a new building.[1] William Henry Playfair was commissioned to prepare designs, and on 30 August 1850, Prince Albert laid the foundation stone.[2] The building was originally divided along the middle, with the east half housing the exhibition galleries of the RSA, and the western half containing the new National Gallery,[2] formed from the collection of the Royal Institution.[1] In 1912 the RSA moved into the Royal Institution building, which remains known as the Royal Scottish Academy Building. At this time, internal remodelling was carried out by William Thomas Oldrieve.[2] When it re-opened, the gallery concentrated on building its permanent collection of Scottish and European art for the nation of Scotland

Additional basement galleries were constructed in 1970.[2] In the early 21st century, the Playfair Project saw the renovation of the Royal Scottish Academy Building and the construction of an underground connecting space between the Gallery and the Academy Building. Construction took five years and cost £32 million.[3] The new underground space was opened as the Weston Link in August 2004.[4] Designed by John Miller and Partners, the link, now known as the Gardens Entrance, provides a new access from Princes Street Gardens and contains a lecture theatre, education area, shop, restaurant and an interactive gallery.[1]


The research facilities at the Scottish National Gallery include the Prints and Drawings Collection of over 30,000 works on paper, from the early Renaissance to the late nineteenth century; and the reference-only Research Library. The Research Library covers the period from 1300 to 1900 and holds approximately 50,000 volumes of books, journals, slides, and microfiches, as well as some archival material relating to the collections, exhibitions and history of the National Gallery. The Print Room or Research Library can be accessed by appointment.


At the heart of the National Gallery's collection is a group of paintings transferred from the Royal Scottish Academy Building. This includes masterpieces by Jacopo Bassano, Van Dyck and Giambattista Tiepolo. The National Gallery did not receive its own purchase grant until 1903.

Key works of art displayed at the National Gallery include:

Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo and Design for a Papal Monument
Sandro Botticelli, Virgin Adoring the Sleeping Christ Child
Antonio Canova, The Three Graces (displayed on rotation with the Victoria and Albert Museum in London)
Paul Cézanne, The Big Trees and Montagne Sainte-Victoire
Giambattista Pittoni, St Jerome and Peter of Alcantara
Jean Siméon Chardin, Vase of Flowers
John Constable, Dedham Vale
Gerard David, Three Legends of St Nicholas
Edgar Degas, Portrait of Diego Martelli
James Drummond, The Porteous Mob and A Lady Descending from a Sedan Chair. Study for the Painting The Porteous Mob[5]
Anthony van Dyck, The Lomellini Family
Thomas Gainsborough, The Hon. Mrs Graham'
Paul Gauguin, Vision after the Sermon
Hugo van der Goes, The Trinity Altarpiece (on loan from the Royal Collection)
Francisco de Goya, El Medico
El Greco, Saint Jerome in Penitence
El Greco, Fábula
El Greco, Christ Blessing (The Saviour of the World)
Gavin Hamilton, Dawkins and Wood Discovering the Ruins of Palmyra
Dominique Ingres, Mlle Albertine Hayard
Claude Monet, Haystacks
Nicolas Poussin, The Seven Sacraments
Sir Henry Raeburn, The Reverend Robert Walker Skating on Duddingston Loch
Allan Ramsay, Margaret Lindsay
Raphael, Bridgewater Madonna
Rembrandt van Rijn, A Woman in Bed and Self-Portrait
Sir Joshua Reynolds, The Ladies Waldegrave
Pieter Jansz Saenredam, San Bavo, Haarlem
Georges Seurat, La Luzerne, St-Denis
Titian, Venus Anadyomene, Diana and Callisto, Diana and Actaeon, The Virgin and Child with St John the Baptist and an Unidentified Saint, and The Three Ages of Man
Joseph Mallord William Turner, Somer Hill and the Vaughan Bequest of 38 works
Diego Velázquez, An Old Woman Cooking Eggs
Johannes Vermeer, Christ in the House of Martha and Mary
Antoine Watteau, Fêtes venetiènnes

Other artists represented in the collection include:

David Allan
Francis Bacon
Federico Barocci
William Blake
David Young Cameron
Gustave Courbet
Aelbert Cuyp
Eugène Delacroix
Albrecht Dürer
William Dyce
Adam Elsheimer
John Emms[6]
Andrew Geddes
Vincent van Gogh
James Guthrie
Frans Hals
Meindert Hobbema
Hans Holbein the Younger
Edward Atkinson Hornel
Robert Scott Lauder
Horatio McCulloch
William York Macgregor
William MacTaggart
Lorenzo Monaco
Berthe Morisot
John Phillip
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
Camille Pissarro
David Roberts
Peter Paul Rubens
George Sanders
William Strang
Leonardo da Vinci
Sir David Wilkie
Francisco de Zurbarán

See also

National Galleries of Scotland

"Scottish National Gallery - History & Architecture". Retrieved 2014-01-27.
"Playfair Project". National Galleries of Scotland. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
"Opening day for gallery project". BBC News. 4 August 2009.
National Gallery of Scotland, James Drummond
John Emms, National Gallery of Scotland.


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