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François Boucher

Paintings

The Four Seasons. Spring Print by Francois Boucher

The Four Seasons. Spring

Brown Odalisque Print by Francois Boucher

Brown Odalisque

The Toilet of Venus Print by Francois Boucher

The Toilet of Venus

Diana Resting after her Bath Print by Francois Boucher

Diana Resting after her Bath

Joseph Presenting His Father and Brothers to the Pharaoh Print by Francois Boucher

Joseph Presenting His Father and Brothers to the Pharaoh

Allegory of Music Print by Francois Boucher

Allegory of Music

Allegory of Painting Print by Francois Boucher

Allegory of Painting

The Love Letter Print by Francois Boucher

The Love Letter

The Sleep of Venus Print by Francois Boucher

The Sleep of Venus

Shepherd and Shepherdess Print by Francois Boucher

Shepherd and Shepherdess

The Triumph of Venus Print by Francois Boucher

The Triumph of Venus

River Landscape with an Antique Temple Print by Francois Boucher

River Landscape with an Antique Temple

Angelica and Medoro Print by Francois Boucher

Angelica and Medoro

Les Sabots Print by Francois Boucher

Les Sabots

The Four Seasons. Winter Print by Francois Boucher

The Four Seasons. Winter

The Four Seasons. Autumn Print by Francois Boucher

The Four Seasons. Autumn

The Four Seasons. Summer Print by Francois Boucher

The Four Seasons. Summer

Hercules and Omphale Print by Francois Boucher

Hercules and Omphale

La Cible d'Amour Print by Francois Boucher

La Cible d'Amour

Cupids in Conspiracy Print by Francois Boucher

Cupids in Conspiracy

The Dispatch of the Messenger Print by Francois Boucher

The Dispatch of the Messenger

Venus Asking Vulcan for Arms for Aeneas Print by Francois Boucher

Venus Asking Vulcan for Arms for Aeneas

The Education of Cupid Print by Francois Boucher

The Education of Cupid

Mercury Entrusting the Infant Bacchus to the Nymphs of Nysa Print by Francois Boucher

Mercury Entrusting the Infant Bacchus to the Nymphs of Nysa

Rinaldo and Armida Print by Francois Boucher

Rinaldo and Armida

Madame Bergeret Print by Francois Boucher

Madame Bergeret

The Fountain of Venus Print by Francois Boucher

The Fountain of Venus

Music and Dance Print by Francois Boucher

Music and Dance

Head of a Young Woman Print by Francois Boucher

Head of a Young Woman

Sleeping Bacchantes surprised by Satyrs Print by Francois Boucher

Sleeping Bacchantes surprised by Satyrs

 Pan and Syrinx Print by Francois Boucher

Pan and Syrinx

The Landscape Painter Print by Francois Boucher

The Landscape Painter

The Chariot of Venus Print by Francois Boucher

The Chariot of Venus

The Interrupted Sleep Print by Francois Boucher

The Interrupted Sleep

A River Landcscape With A Woman Crossing A Bridge And Three Men In A Boat On The River Below Print by Francois Boucher

A River Landcscape With A Woman Crossing A Bridge And Three Men In A Boat On The River Below

The Little Pilgrim Print by Francois Boucher

The Little Pilgrim

River Landscape with Ruin and Bridge Print by Francois Boucher

River Landscape with Ruin and Bridge

Jupiter in the Guise of Diana and Callisto Print by Francois Boucher

Jupiter in the Guise of Diana and Callisto

The Little Alchemist or an Allegory of Chemistry Print by Francois Boucher

The Little Alchemist or an Allegory of Chemistry

La toilette Print by Francois Boucher

La toilette

Diana and Callisto Print by After Francois Boucher

Diana and Callisto

Hunting Nymphs Print by Attributed to Francois Boucher

Hunting Nymphs

Venus disarming Cupid Print by Workshop of Francois Boucher

Venus disarming Cupid

Hagar and Ishmael in the desert with the angel Print by Francois Boucher

Hagar and Ishmael in the desert with the angel

Shepherd's Idyll Print by Francois Boucher

Shepherd's Idyll

Washerwomen Print by Francois Boucher

Washerwomen

Shepherd Girl Print by Attributed to Francois Boucher

Shepherd Girl

Francois Boucher

Joseph Presenting His Father and Brothers to the Pharaoh

Francois Boucher

River Landscape with Ruin and Bridge

Francois Boucher

River Landscape with an Antique Temple

Francois Boucher

Landscape with a Watermill

Francois Boucher

Pan and Syrinx

Francois Boucher

Cupid as a prisoner

Francois Boucher

Breakfast

Francois Boucher

The painter in his studio , self-portrait

Francois Boucher

Diana as huntress

Francois Boucher

The Bridge

Francois Boucher

The milliner

Francois Boucher

The mill

Francois Boucher

Head of a Woman

Francois Boucher

Birth of Venus

Francois Boucher

Jupiter and Callisto

Francois Boucher

Landscape with the brother Lucas

Francois Boucher

Landscape with cherry picker

Francois Boucher

Odalisque

Francois Boucher

Odalisque , detail

Francois Boucher

Portrait of Madame de Pompadour

Francois Boucher

Portrait of Madame de Pompadour

Francois Boucher

Portrait of Madame de Pompadour

Francois Boucher

Portrait of Marie -Jeanne Buseau

Francois Boucher

Portrait of the artist's daughter, Oval

Francois Boucher

Portrait of Louis Philippe Joseph

Francois Boucher

Portrait of the Swedish ambassador C. G. Tessin

Francois Boucher

Portrait of a Lady with Muff

Francois Boucher

Reclining Girl , detail ( Mademoiselle O'Murphy )

Francois Boucher

Reclining Girl ( Mademoiselle O'Murphy )

Francois Boucher

Sunrise

Francois Boucher

Sunset

Francois Boucher

Toilet of Venus

Francois Boucher

Triumph of Venus

Francois Boucher

Triumph of Venus , detail

Francois Boucher

Venus consoling Cupid

Drawings

A nude woman playing a flute, seen from behind Print by Francois Boucher

A nude woman playing a flute, seen from behind

Danae Receiving the Golden Shower Print by Francois Boucher

Danae Receiving the Golden Shower

Atreus showing his Brother Thyestes the Heads of his own Children whose Bodies he had unwittingly ea Print by Francois Boucher

Atreus showing his Brother Thyestes the Heads of his own Children whose Bodies he had unwittingly ea

Venus Print by Francois Boucher

Venus

Reclining Nymph Print by Francois Boucher

Reclining Nymph

A Nude Woman Reaching to the Right Print by Francois Boucher

A Nude Woman Reaching to the Right

Reclining female nude to the right Print by Francois Boucher

Reclining female nude to the right

Venus Reclining on a Dolphin Print by Francois Boucher

Venus Reclining on a Dolphin

Study of a young Chinese woman seated at a table Print by Francois Boucher

Study of a young Chinese woman

Study of a seated young female nude extending her hands to her right foot Print by Francois Boucher

Study of a seated young female nude extending her hands to her right foot

Two children beside a basin of water Print by Francois Boucher

Two children beside a basin of water

Study of a Young Woman Bust length seen from below Print by Francois Boucher

Study of a Young Woman Bust length seen from below

The Virgin and Child Print by Francois Boucher

The Virgin and Child

Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery Print by Francois Boucher

Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery

Juno Asking Aeolus to Release the Winds Print by Francois Boucher

Juno Asking Aeolus to Release the Winds

Aurora Print by Francois Boucher

Aurora

Reclining Female Nude Print by Attributed to Francois Boucher

Reclining Female Nude

Nymphs and Cupids Print by Francois Boucher

Nymphs and Cupids

Francois Boucher

Architectural capriccio with the mill of Quiquengrogne at Cgarenton

Francois Boucher

Aurora and Cephalus

Francois Boucher

Chinoiserie with family scene

Francois Boucher

The Judgment of Paris

Francois Boucher

The waterfalls of Tivoli

Francois Boucher

Angel heads in clouds

Francois Boucher

Group of Figures

Francois Boucher

River Landscape

Francois Boucher

Woman in profile , going to the right

Francois Boucher

Woman seen from behind with fan

Francois Boucher

Rural landscape with bridge

Francois Boucher

Nymphs and river gods

Francois Boucher

Sleeping Diana

Francois Boucher

Seated Female Nude

Francois Boucher

Study of a cock

Francois Boucher

Violin player

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Diana Resting after her Bath Print by Francois Boucher

Diana Resting after her Bath

François Boucher (French pronunciation: ​[fʁɑ̃swa buʃe]) (29 September 1703 – 30 May 1770) was a French painter in the Rococo style. Boucher is known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories, and pastoral scenes. He was perhaps the most celebrated decorative artist of the 18th century. He also painted several portraits of his patroness, Madame de Pompadour. A native of Paris, Boucher was the son of a minor painter Nicolas Boucher, who gave him his first artistic training. At the age of seventeen, a painting by Boucher was admired by the painter François Lemoyne. Lemoyne later appointed Boucher as his apprentice, but after only three months, he went to work for the engraver Jean-François Cars. In 1720, he won the elite Grand Prix de Rome for painting, but did not take up the consequential opportunity to study in Italy until five years later, due to financial problems at the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture. On his return from studying in Italy he was admitted to the refounded Académie de peinture et de sculpture on 24 November 1731. His morceau du reception (reception piece) was his Rinaldo and Armida of 1734.

Hellenica World, Paintings, Drawings

Portrait of François Boucher (1703-1770), Gustaf Lundberg

Boucher became a faculty member in 1734 and his career accelerated from this point as he was promoted Professor then Rector of the Academy, becoming head of the Royal Gobelins Manufactory in 1755 and finally Premier Peintre du Roi (First Painter of the King) in 1765.

Boucher died on 30 May 1770 in his native Paris. His name, along with that of his patron Madame de Pompadour, had become synonymous with the French Rococo style, leading the Goncourt brothers to write: "Boucher is one of those men who represent the taste of a century, who express, personify and embody it."

Boucher is famous for saying that nature is "trop verte et mal éclairée" (too green and badly lit).[3]

Boucher was associated with the gemstone engraver Jacques Guay, whom he taught to draw. Later Boucher made a series of drawings of works by Guay which Madame de Pompadour then engraved and distributed as a handsomely bound volume to favored courtiers.[4] The neoclassical painter Jacques-Louis David began his painting instruction under Boucher.


Painting
The Secret Message

Reflecting inspiration gained from such artists as Peter Paul Rubens and Antoine Watteau, Boucher's early works celebrate the idyllic and tranquil portrayal of nature and landscape with great elan. However, his art typically forgoes traditional rural innocence to portray scenes with a definitive style of eroticism as his mythological scenes are passionate and intimately amorous rather than traditionally epic. Marquise de Pompadour (mistress of King Louis XV), whose name became synonymous with Rococo art, was a great admirer of his work.

Boucher's paintings such as The Breakfast (1739), a familial scene, show how he was as a master of the genre scene, where he regularly used his own wife and children as models. These intimate family scenes are contrasting to the licentious style seen in his Odalisque portraits.

The dark-haired version of the Odalisque portraits prompted claims by the art critic Denis Diderot that Boucher was "prostituting his own wife", and the Blonde Odalisque was a portrait that illustrated the extramarital relationships of the King. Boucher gained lasting notoriety through such private commissions for wealthy collectors and, after Diderot expressed his disapproval, his reputation came under increasing critical attack during the last years of his career.


Theatrical and tapestry designs
Diana and Callisto, 1759

Along with his painting, Boucher also designed theater costumes and sets, and the ardent intrigues of the comic operas of Charles Simon Favart closely paralleled his own style of painting. Tapestry design was also a concern. For the Beauvais tapestry workshops he first designed a series of Fêtes italiennes ("Italian festivals") in 1736, which proved to be very successful and often rewoven over the years, and then, commissioned in 1737, a suite of the story of Cupid and Psyche.[5] During two decades' involvement with the Beauvais tapestry workshops Boucher produced designs for six series of hangings in all, like the tapestry showing Psyche and the Basketmaker from 1741–1742. Only his appointment in 1755 as director of the rival Gobelins tapestry terminated the association.

Boucher was also called upon for designs for court festivities organized by that section of the King's household called the Menus-Plaisirs du Roi and for the opera and for royal châteaux Versailles, Fontainebleau and Choisy. His designs for all of the aforementioned augmented his earlier reputation, resulting in many engravings from his work and even reproduction of his designs on porcelain and biscuit-ware at the Vincennes and Sèvres factories.

References

"François Boucher", Oxford Art Online
Levey, Michael. (1993) Painting and sculpture in France 1700-1789. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 164. ISBN 0300064942
Houssaye, Arsène (1843). "Boucher et la peinture sous Louis XV". Revue des deux mondes. n. s. 3: 70–98. p. 86 (citing a letter to Nicolas Lancret).
Leturcq, Jean François (1873). Notice sur Jacques Guay, graveur sur pierres fines du roi Louis xv. Documents émanant de Guay, et notes sur les œuvres de gravure en taille-douce et en pierres fines de la marquise de Pompadour. pp. 10–12. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
Kathryn B. Hiesinger, "The Sources of François Boucher's 'Psyche' Tapestries" Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 72 No. 314 (November 1976), pp. 7-23.

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