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Alexandre Cabanel


Rebecca and Eliezer Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Rebecca and Eliezer

 The Birth of Venus Print by Alexandre Cabanel

The Birth of Venus

A Page Print by Alexandre Cabanel

A Page

Florentine Poet Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Florentine Poet

Psyche Print by Alexandre Cabanel


Eve after the Fall Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Eve after the Fall

Christina Nilsson Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Christina Nilsson

Mary Magdalene at the Tomb Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Mary Magdalene at the Tomb

Love's Messenger Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Love's Messenger

Samson and Delilah Print by Alexandre Cabanel

Samson and Delilah

The birth of Venus Print by Alexandre Cabanel

The birth of Venus

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The GovernessRebecca and Eliezer A Page

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Cleopatra testing poisons on condemned prisoners

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Patricienne de Venise

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The Death of Moses

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The Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Paradise

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 The Birth of Venus Print by Alexandre Cabanel

The Birth of Venus

Alexandre Cabanel (French: [kabanɛl]; 28 September 1823 – 23 January 1889) was a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter.[1]

He entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the age of seventeen. Cabanel studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1844, and won the Prix de Rome scholarship in 1845 at the age of twenty two.[2] Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863. He was appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1864 and taught there until his death.[3]

Cabanel won the Grande Médaille d'Honneur at the Salons of 1865, 1867, and 1878.

He was closely connected to the Paris Salon: "He was elected regularly to the Salon jury and his pupils could be counted by the hundred at the Salons. Through them, Cabanel did more than any other artist of his generation to form the character of belle époque French painting".[4] His refusal together with William-Adolphe Bouguereau to allow the impressionist painter Édouard Manet and many other painters to exhibit their work in the Salon of 1863 led to the establishment of the Salon des Refusés by the French government.

A successful academic painter, his 1863 painting The Birth of Venus is one of the best known examples of 19th-century academic painting. The picture was bought by the emperor Napoleon III; there is also a smaller replica (painted in 1875 for a banker, John Wolf) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. It was given to them by Wolf in 1893.


His pupils included:

Rodolfo Amoedo
Henry Bacon
George Randolph Barse
Jean-Eugène Buland
Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant
Vlaho Bukovac
Charles Bulteau
Gaston Bussière
Louis Capdevielle
Eugène Carrière
Fernand Cormon
Pierre Auguste Cot
Kenyon Cox
Édouard Debat-Ponsan
Émile Friant
François Guiguet
Jules Bastien-Lepage
François Flameng
Charles Fouqueray
Frank Fowler
Henri Gervex
Charles Lucien Léandre
Henri Le Sidaner
Aristide Maillol
Édouard-Antoine Marsal
Louis Mettling
João Marques de Oliveira
Jan Monchablon
Georges Moreau de Tours
Henri Georges Caïus Morisset
Henri Regnault
Iakovos Rizos
Louis Royer
Jean-Jacques Scherrer
António Silva Porto
Joseph-Noël Sylvestre
Solomon Joseph Solomon
Jean Guillaume Rosier
Paul Tavernier
François Thévenot
José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior
Étienne Terrus
Adolphe Willette

Selected works
Alexandre Cabanel - Death of Moses

The Death of Moses (1851), Dahesh Museum, New York City. New York, USA
Nymph and Satyr (Nymphe et Satyr, 1860), Private collection
The Birth of Venus (1863), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta (1870), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
La Comtesse de Keller (1873), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Phèdre (1880), Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Ophelia (1883), Private collection
Ruth glanant dans les champs de Booz, (1886), Musée Garinet, Châlons-en-Champagne
Lady Curzon (1887), Kedleston Hall, England,[5]
Preparatory study of Cleopatra for Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Béziers
Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners (1887), Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp
Eve After the Fall, Private Collection
The Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Paradise, Private Collection
Napoleon III


Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, 1982, Barcelona
Facos, Michelle (2011). An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Art. New York: Routledge. p. 282.
van Hook, Bailey (1996). Angels of Art: Women and Art in American Society, 1876-1914. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 28.
Dictionary of Art (1996) vol. 5, pp. 341–344

Mary Leiter (1887), Derbyshire, England, Kedleston Hall; National Trust for Places of Historic Interest, U. K."?".

External links

Alexandre Cabanel at Artcyclopedia
Paintings of Alexandre Cabanel on Insecula
Alexandre Cabanel at the Art Renewal Center
Alexandre Cabanel at The Art in Pixels


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