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William-Adolphe Bouguereau

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Bunch Of Grapes by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Bunch Of Grapes

William Adolphe Bouguereau Painting - A Young Girl Defending Herself Against Eros by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

A Young Girl Defending Herself Against Eros

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Virgin And Child by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Virgin And Child

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Summer by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Summer

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Nymphs And Satyr by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Nymphs And Satyr

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Virgin Of The Lilies by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Virgin Of The Lilies

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Nymphaeum by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Nymphaeum

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Priestess Of Bacchus by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Priestess Of Bacchus

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Oranges by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Oranges

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Wounds Of Love by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Wounds Of Love

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Lost Pleiad by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Lost Pleiad

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - A Childhood Idyll by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

A Childhood Idyll

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Study Of A Womans Head by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Study Of A Womans Head

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Orphan By The Fountain by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Orphan By The Fountain

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Thank Offering by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Thank Offering

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Admiration by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Admiration

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Wave by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Wave

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Work Interrupted by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Work Interrupted

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Spring Breeze by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Spring Breeze

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Nature Fan Girl With A Child by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Nature Fan Girl With A Child

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Charity by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Charity

William Adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Hearts Awakening by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Hearts Awakening

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Cup Of Milk by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Cup Of Milk

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Woman Contemplating Her Infant Son by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Woman Contemplating Her Infant Son

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Little Girl by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Little Girl

William Adolphe Bouguereau Birth Painting - The Birth Of Venus by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Birth Of Venus

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Byblis by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Byblis

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Girl With A Pomegranate by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Girl With A Pomegranate

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Madonna Of The Roses by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Madonna Of The Roses

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Elegy by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Elegy

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Whisperings Of Love by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Whisperings Of Love

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Returned From The Market by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Returned From The Market

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Le Crabe by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Le Crabe

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Taste by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Taste

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Reve De Printemps by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Reve De Printemps

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Bathers by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Bathers

William Adolphe Bouguereau Psyche Painting - The Abduction Of Psyche by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Abduction Of Psyche

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Bather by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Bather

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Fraternal Love by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Fraternal Love

William Adolphe Bouguereau Day Painting - Day by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Day

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Bather by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Bather

William Adolphe Bouguereau Temptation Painting - Temptation by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Temptation

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - La Perle by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

La Perle

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Elder Sister by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Elder Sister

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Bather by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Bather

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Mailice by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Mailice

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Laurel Branch by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Laurel Branch

William Adolphe Bouguereau The Virgin With Angels Painting - The Virgin With Angels by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Virgin With Angels

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Returned From The Market by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Returned From The Market

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Little Shepherdess by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Little Shepherdess

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Yvonne On The Doorstep by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Yvonne On The Doorstep

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Aurora by William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Studio

Aurora

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Breton Brother And Sister by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Breton Brother And Sister

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Young Mother Gazing At Her Child by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Young Mother Gazing At Her Child

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Gabrielle Cot by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Gabrielle Cot

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Frileuse by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Frileuse

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Head Of A Little Girl. Study by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Head Of A Little Girl. Study

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The First Mourning by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The First Mourning

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Lemon by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Lemon

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Young Girls Of Fouesnant Returning From Market by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Young Girls Of Fouesnant Returning From Market

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Moissonneuse by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Moissonneuse

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - At The Seaside by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

At The Seaside

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Love On The Look Out by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Love On The Look Out

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Sound Of The Sea by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Sound Of The Sea

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Convoitise by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Convoitise

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Mimosa by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Mimosa

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Horseback Ride by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Horseback Ride

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - Disdain by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Disdain

William-adolphe Bouguereau Painting - The Shepherdess by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

The Shepherdess

Orestes Pursued by the Furies

The Virgin, Jesus and Saint John Baptist

Mother and Children

The Youth of Bacchus

Homer and his Guide

Dante and Virgil in Hell

Love takes off

Virgin and Child

Seated Nude

The Prayer

Young freezing girl

Arion on a Sea Horse

Soul being brought to Heaven

Ladmiration

The Bohemian

Portrait of Madame la Comtesse de Cambaceres

Child at Bath

Cupid and psyche as Children

Fraternal Love (Virgin and Child with Young Saint John)

Meditation

Evening Mood

The Day of the Dead

The Virgin With Angels

L'Innocence

Cupid

Song of the Angels

Premières caresses

A Young Girl Defending Herself Against Eros

After the Bath

After the Bath

At the Edge of the Brook

Bather

Biblis

Charity

Charity

Compassion!

Dawn

Day

Flora And Zephyr

Love on the Look Out

Small beggars

Rest

Return from the Harvest

The Return of Spring

Study - Head Of A Little Girl

The Dance

The Flagellation of Our Lord Jesus Christ

The Madonna of the Roses

The Motherland

Wave

Work Interrupted

Young Woman Contemplating Two Embracing Children

Youth

Wounds of Love (Blessures d'Amour)

Priestess of Bacchus

Oranges

William Adolphe Bouguereau [vijɑ̃ adɔlf buɡø'ʁo] (auch Adolphe-William Bouguereau; * 30. November 1825 in La Rochelle; † 19. August 1905 ebenda) war ein ffranzösischerMaler des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er studierte an der École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts de Paris und gilt als Meister des Akademischen Klassizismus und des Klassischen Realismus.

Werk
Die Welle (1896)

Bouguereau malte vorrangig Allegorien zu klassischen und historischen Themen. In den Aktdarstellungen, die sich auf klassisch-griechische Vorbilder bzw. deren römische Kopien stützten, versuchte Bouguereau dennoch die „Ur-Bilder“ zu verlebendigen. So verstärkte er bei seiner „Geburt der Venus“ (La naissance de Vénus) von 1879 die Bewegungen des Körpers und betonte die Schwünge der Hüften noch etwas mehr als es beim Vorbild – der Aphrodite von Kyrene (Rom, Thermenmuseum) – der Fall war. Das Ergebnis dieser kleinen Änderungen, die die erotische Ausstrahlung der „Venus“ erhöhten, kam beim Publikum gut an. Gleichzeitig war er dank des antiken Vorbildes über jegliche moralisierende Kritik erhaben.

Zu seinen Sujets sagte er, er würde niemals einen Krieg malen – wohl aber unter Umständen den Krieg (als allegorische Figur). Was seine perfektionierte realistische Maltechnik betrifft, so erklärte er einmal, das Geheimnis, ein guter Maler zu sein, liege darin, „Farbe und Linie als dieselbe Sache zu sehen“. Mit dieser Aussage hob er sich von den akademischen Hardlinern ab, für die die Linie stets den Vorrang vor der Farbe besaß.


Bilder

Dante und Vergil in der Hölle – Dante et Virgile en enfer (1850)

Tobias sagt seinem Vater ‚Auf Wiedersehen‘ – Tobias disant au-revoir à son père (1860)

Am Rand des Baches – Au bord du Ruisseau (1875)

Die Geburt der Venus – La naissance de Vénus (1879)

Aurora (1881)

Gemälde der Nyx (1883)

Gemälde der Hemera (1881)

Der Knicks – La révérence (1898)

Schüler

Bouguereau lehrte an der Académie Julian, zu seinen Schülern zählte Henri Matisse, der später als Lehrender an seiner eigenen Académie Matisse für eine an der Klassik orientierte künstlerische Grundausbildung eintrat. Weitere Schüler waren:

Georges Henri Ballot (1866–1942)
Charles Assezat de Bouteyre (1864–1942)
Marcel Canet (1875–1958)
Alfred Delobbe (1835–1920)
Emilie Desjeux (1861–1957)
Alphonse Etienne Nasreddine Dinet (1861–1929)
Catherine Engelhart (1845–1926)
Othon Friesz (1879–1949)
Elizabeth Jane Gardner (1837–1922) – sie heiratete 1896 ihren Lehrer Bouguereau
Gustave Lemaître (1862–1920)
Jean-Louis Paguenaud (1876–1952)
Elie Anatole Pavil (1873–1948)
Alphonse Pellet
Auguste Privat (* 1864)
Gaston Renault (1851–1933)
Henri Le Riche (1868–1944)
Jacques Simon (1875–1965)
Lucien Simon (1861–1945)
André Suréda (1872–1930)
Edmund Tull (1870–1911)

Siehe auch

Die ältere Schwester

Literatur

Friedrich Gross: Verkünderin der Schönheit, in: Werner Hofmann (Hrsg.): Eva und die Zukunft, das Bild der Frau seit der Französischen Revolution, Ausstellungskatalog Eva und die Zukunft in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, 11. Juli - 14. September 1986, S. 97–98, Prestel, München 1986, ISBN 3-7913-0754-1.

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