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Introduction to Solid State Physics is a classic condensed matter physics textbook originally written by American physicist Charles Kittel in 1953.[1] The book has been highly influential and has seen widespread adoption; Marvin L. Cohen remarked in 2019 that Kittel's content choices in the original edition played a large role in defining the field of solid-state physics.[2] It was also the first proper textbook covering this new field of physics.[3] The book is published by John Wiley and Sons and, as of 2018, it is in its ninth edition and has been reprinted many times as well as translated into over a dozen languages, including Chinese, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, and Turkish. In some later editions, the eighteenth chapter, titled Nanostructures, was written by Paul McEuen.

Background

Kittel received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1941 under his advisor Gregory Breit.[4] Before being promoted to professor of physics at UC Berkeley in 1951, Kittel held several other positions. He worked for the Naval Ordnance Laboratory from 1940 to 1942, was a research physicist in the US Navy until 1945, worked at the Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT from 1945 to 1947 and at Bell Labs from 1947 to 1951, and was a visiting associate professor at UC Berkeley from 1950 until his promotion.[4]

Henry Ehrenreich has noted that before the first edition of Introduction to Solid State Physics came out in 1953, there were no other textbooks on the subject; rather, the young field's study material was spread across several prominent articles and treatises.[3] The field of solid state physics was very new at the time of writing and was defined by only a few treatises that, in the Ehrenreich's view, expounded rather than explained the topics and were not suitable as textbooks.[3]
Content

The book covers a wide range of topics in solid state physics, including Bloch's theorem, crystals, magnetism, phonons, Fermi gases, magnetic resonance, and surface physics. The chapters are broken into sections that highlight the topics.[5]
Table of contents (8th ed.)
Chapter Title Topics[5]
1 Crystal Structure Crystal structure
2 Wave Diffraction and the Reciprocal Lattice diffraction, Bragg Law, Fourier analysis, reciprocal lattice vectors, Laue equations, Brillouin zone, atomic form factor
3 Crystal Binding and Elastic Constants Van der Waals force, Ionic crystals, covalent crystals, metals
4 Phonons I. Crystal Vibrations phonons
5 Phonons II. Thermal Properties phonons
6 Free Electron Fermi Gas Fermi gas, free electron model
7 Energy Bands nearly free electron model, Bloch's theorem, Kronig-Penney model, crystal momentum
8 Semiconductor Crystals band gap, electron holes, semimetals, superlattices
9 Fermi Surfaces and Metals Fermi surfaces
10 Superconductivity superconductivity, BCS theory, superconductors
11 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism diamagnetism and paramagnetism
12 Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism
13 Magnetic Resonance magnetic resonance
14 Plasmons, Polaritons, and Polarons plasmons, polaritons, polarons
15 Optical Processes and Excitons excitons, Kramers-Kronig relations
16 Dielectrics And Ferroelectrics Maxwell equations in matter
17 Surface and Interface Physics surface physics
18 Nanostructures (by Paul McEuen) electron microscopy, optical microscopy
19 Noncrystalline Solids glasses
20 Point Defects lattice defects
21 Dislocations shear strength of crystals, dislocations, hardness of materials
22 Alloys Hume-Rothery rules, electrical conductivity, Kondo effect
Reception

Marvin L. Cohen and Morrel H. Cohen, in an obituary for Kittel in 2019, remarked that the original book "was not only the dominant text for teaching in the field, it was on the bookshelf of researchers in academia and industry throughout the world",[4] though they did not provide any time frame on when it may have been surpassed as the dominant text. They also noted that Kittel's content choices played a large role in defining the field of solid-state physics.[4]

The book is a classic textbook in the subject and has seen use as a comparative benchmark in the reviews of other books in condensed matter physics.[1][3] In a 1969 review of another book, Robert G. Chambers noted that there were not many textbooks covering these topics, as "since 1953, Kittel's classic Introduction to Solid State Physics has dominated the field so effectively that few competitors have appeared", noting that the third edition continues that legacy. Before continuing, the reviewer noted that the book was too long for some uses and that less thorough works would be welcome.[1]

Several notable reviews of the first edition were published in 1954, including Arthur James Cochran Wilson,[6] Leslie Fleetwood Bates,[7] and Kenneth Standley,[8] among others.[9][10][11][12]
Gwyn Owain Jones reviewed the book in 1955.[13]
The second edition of the book was reviewed by Robert W. Hellwarth in 1957[14] and Leslie Fleetwood Bates,[15] among others.[16][17][18][19]
The third edition of the book also received reviews,[20] inlcuding one by Donald F. Holcomb.[21]
A German translation of the book has also received several reviews.[22][23][24][25]

Publication history
Original editions

Kittel, Charles (1953). Introduction to solid state physics (1st ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 396. OCLC 859669173.
Kittel, Charles (1956). Introduction to solid state physics (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 617. OCLC 746139663.
Kittel, Charles (1966). Introduction to solid state physics (3rd ed.). New York ; London: Wiley. p. 613. OCLC 1159631475.
Kittel, Charles (1971). Introduction to solid state physics (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 766. ISBN 978-0-471-49021-0. OCLC 802643946.
Kittel, Charles (1976). Introduction to solid state physics (5th ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 673. ISBN 978-0-471-49024-1. OCLC 908887143.
Kittel, Charles (1986). Introduction to solid state physics (6th ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 646. ISBN 978-0-471-87474-4. OCLC 797201261.
Kittel, Charles (1996). Introduction to solid state physics (7th ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 673. ISBN 978-0-471-11181-8. OCLC 263625446.
Kittel, Charles (2005). Introduction to solid state physics (8th ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 680. ISBN 978-0-471-68057-4. OCLC 787838554.
Kittel, Charles; McEuen, Paul (2018). Introduction to solid state physics (Global ed.,9th ed.). New Jersey: Wiley. p. 692. ISBN 978-1-119-45416-8. OCLC 1097548279.

Reprints
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Kittel, Charles (1954) [1953]. Introduction to solid state physics (1st ed.). New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 396. OCLC 1123251585.
Kittel, Charles (1967). Introduction to solid state physics (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley. p. 648. OCLC 230149869.
Kittel, Charles (1987). Introduction to solid state physics (6th ed.). New delhi: Wiley Eastern Ltd. p. 599. OCLC 772488914.
Kittel, Charles (2011). Introduction to solid state physics (8th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. p. 680. ISBN 978-0-471-41526-8. OCLC 730010889.
Kittel, Charles (2013). Introduction to solid state physics (8th ed.). New Jersey: Wiley. p. 680. ISBN 978-0-471-41526-8. OCLC 820453856.
Kittel, Charles; McEuen, Paul (2015). Introduction to solid state physics (8th ed.). New Delhi: Wiley. p. 680. ISBN 978-81-265-3518-7. OCLC 987438137.

Foreign translations
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Language Title Translators Year Publisher Location Identifiers
Spanish Introduccion a la física del estado sólido (in Spanish). 1965 Reverte Barcelona OCLC 1097704401
Hungarian Bevezetés a szilárdtestfizikába (in Hungarian). Ferenc Kedves 1966 Műszaki Kiadó Budapest OCLC 895275633
Arabic al-Mabādiʼ al-asasiyah fi fizyāʼ al-jawāmid (in Arabic). Mahmūd Mukhtār 1968 Maktabat al-Nahdah al-Misriyah nushir haḍa al-kitạb maʻah muassasat Frankilīn ; Mūassasat Frankilīn al-Qāhirah; al-Qāhirah; New York OCLC 18156712
Japanese 固体物理学入門. 上 上 (in Japanese). 良清 宇野 1968 丸善 Tokyo OCLC 673599602
Romanian Introducere în fizica corpului solid (in Romanian). Anatolie Hristev; Cornelia C. Rusu 1972 Editura Tehnică Bucureşti OCLC 895553854
French Introduction à la physique de l'état solide (in French) (3rd ed.). Alain Honnart 1972 Dunod Paris OCLC 25192813
ISBN 978-2-04-005248-5
Japanese 固体物理学入門. 上 上 (in Japanese). 1974 丸善 Tokyo OCLC 33543405
Russian Vvedenie v fiziku tverdogo tela (in Russian). A. A Gusev 1978 "Nauka", Glav. red. fiziko-matematicheskoĭ lit-ry Moskva OCLC 22540726
Japanese 固体物理学入門. 上 (in Japanese). Ryōsei Uno 1978 丸善 Tōkyō OCLC 47405134
Modern Greek Eisagōgē stē physikē stereas katastaseōs (in Greek) (5th ed.). C. Papageorgopoulos 1976 G. Pneumatikou Athēna OCLC 21774626
Chinese 固態物理學概論 / Gu tai wu li xue gai lun (in Chinese). 翁上林 1979 臺北市徐氏基金會 臺北市 OCLC 681443056
Spanish Introduccion a la física del estado sólido (in Spanish) (2 ed.). Serna Alcaraz, J., Serna Alcaraz, C. R., Piqueras de Noriega, J. 1981 Reverté Barcelona OCLC 46327300
ISBN 978-84-291-4075-0
Czech Úvod do fyziky pevných látek: celost. vysokošk. učebnice pro stud. matematicko-fyz. a přírodověd. fakult (in Czech). Miloš Matyáš 1985 Academia Praha OCLC 39420310
Japanese Kotai butsurigaku nyūmon (in Japanese). Uno, Ryōsei., 宇野, 良清 1988 丸善 OCLC 673243413
ISBN 978-4-621-03250-3
Malay Pengenalan fizik keadaan pepejal (in Malay). Khiruddin Abdullah; Karsono Ahmad Dasuki 1995 Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia Pulau Pinang OCLC 850076803
ISBN 978-983-861-100-8
Korean 고체물리학 = Introduction to solid state physics (in Korean) (Kaejŏng 7-p'an ed.). U, Chong-ch'ŏn., 우종천. 1997 Pŏmhan Sŏjok Chusik Hoesa Sŏul OCLC 38038777
ISBN 978-89-7129-087-3
Japanese 固体物理学入門. 上 上 (in Japanese) (Dai 7-han ed.). Ryōsei Uno, 良清 宇野 1998 Maruzen Tōkyō OCLC 38943576
ISBN 978-4-621-04423-0
Polish Wstęp do fizyki ciała stałego (in Polish). Wiesława Korczak 1999 Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN Warszawa OCLC 41259843
ISBN 978-83-01-12706-0
Japanese Kotai butsurigaku nyūmon. jō (in Japanese). Uno, Ryōsei., Tsuya, Noboru., Niizeki, Komajirō., 宇野, 良清, 津屋, 昇 2005 Maruzen Tōkyō OCLC 676541713
ISBN 978-4-621-07653-8
German Einführung in die Festkörperphysik (in German) (14., überarb. und erw. Aufl ed.). Siegfried Hunklinger 2005 München Wien Oldenbourg München OCLC 163412454
ISBN 978-3-486-57723-5
Chinese Gu tai wu li xue dao lun (Er ban ed.). Hong, Lian-hui (wu li xue), Liu, Li-ji., Wei, Rong-jun., Kittel, Charles, 1916-, 洪連輝 (物理學), 劉立基. 2006 Gao li Tai bei xian wu gu xiang OCLC 176861489
ISBN 978-986-412-348-3
French Physique de l'état solide: cours et problèmes (in French). Paul McEuen 2007 Dunod Paris OCLC 213053150
ISBN 978-2-10-049710-2
Italian Introduzione alla fisica dello stato solido (in Italian). Ennio Bonetti; Carlo Bottani; Franco Ciccacci 2008 C.E.A. Milano OCLC 860462787
ISBN 978-88-08-18362-0
Turkish Katı hal fiziğine giriş (in Turkish) (Sekizinci baskıdan çeviri ed.). Gülsen Önengüt; Demir Önengüt; H İbrahim Somyürek 2014 Palme Yayıncılık Ankara OCLC 949367956
ISBN 978-605-355-225-3
Spanish Introducción a la fisica del estado sólido (in Spanish). J. Anguilar Peris; J. de la Rubia Pacheco 2018 Reverté Barcelona OCLC 1083203050
ISBN 978-84-291-4317-1
Korean Goche mullihak (in Korean). Ujongcheon., Sin, Seongcheol., Yu, Geonho., I, Seongik., I, Jaeil. 2019 Tekseuteu Bukseu Seoul OCLC 1128665713
ISBN 978-89-93543-78-0
Polish Wstęp do fizyki ciała stałego (in Polish) (Wyd. 5, 3 dodr ed.). Wiesława Korczak; Tadeusz Skośkiewicz; Andrzej Wiśniewski; Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN 2012 Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN Warszawa OCLC 803803518
ISBN 978-83-01-16804-9

See also

iconBooks portal

Bloch's theorem
List of textbooks in electromagnetism

References

Chambers, R. G. (12 June 1969). "Alternative to Kittel". Nature. 224 (5223): 983. Bibcode:1969Natur.224..983C. doi:10.1038/224983b0. ISSN 1476-4687. S2CID 41544342.
Cohen, Marvin L.; Cohen, Morrel H. (1 October 2019). "Charles Kittel". Physics Today. 72 (10): 73. Bibcode:2019PhT....72j..73C. doi:10.1063/PT.3.4326. ISSN 0031-9228. "…was not only the dominant text for teaching in the field, it was on the bookshelf of researchers in academia and industry throughout the world. In many ways, his choice of content defined solid-state physics."
Ehrenreich, Henry (19 August 1977). "Solid State: A New Exposition". Science. 197 (4305): 753. doi:10.1126/science.197.4305.753. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17790767.
Cohen, Marvin L.; Cohen, Morrel H. (1 October 2019). "Charles Kittel". Physics Today. 72 (10): 73. Bibcode:2019PhT....72j..73C. doi:10.1063/PT.3.4326. ISSN 0031-9228.
"Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th Edition | Wiley". Wiley.com. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
Wilson, A. J. C. (1 February 1954). "Introduction to Solid-State Physics by C. Kittel". Acta Crystallographica. 7 (2): 224. doi:10.1107/S0365110X54002666. ISSN 0365-110X.
Bates, L. F. (1 January 1954). "Introduction to Solid State Physics by C. Kittel". Acta Crystallographica. 7 (1): 144. doi:10.1107/S0365110X54000448. ISSN 0365-110X.
Standley, K. J. (April 1954). "Introduction to solid state physics". Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. 2 (3): 213. doi:10.1016/0022-5096(54)90027-7.
Muldawer, Leonard (October 1953). "Introduction to solid state physics". Journal of the Franklin Institute. 256 (4): 387–388. doi:10.1016/0016-0032(53)90624-3.
Dexter, David L. (November 1953). "Introduction to Solid State Physics". American Journal of Physics. 21 (8): 650. Bibcode:1953AmJPh..21..650K. doi:10.1119/1.1933590. ISSN 0002-9505.
Masi, J. F. (1 August 1954). "Introduction to Solid State Physics". Physics Today. 7 (8): 18–19. Bibcode:1954PhT.....7h..18K. doi:10.1063/1.3061720. ISSN 0031-9228.
anonymous (14 August 1954). "Introduction to Solid State Physics by Prof. Charles Kittel. Pp. xiii + 396. (New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.; London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1953.) 56s. net". Nature. 174 (4424): 287. doi:10.1038/174287a0. ISSN 1476-4687. S2CID 5520806.
Jones, G. O. (January 1955). "Review of Introduction to Solid State Physics". Science Progress (1933- ). 43 (169): 129. ISSN 0036-8504. JSTOR 43423448.
Hellwarth, R. W. (June 1957). "Introduction to Solid State Physics". Physics Today. 10 (6): 43–44. Bibcode:1957PhT....10f..43K. doi:10.1063/1.3060399. ISSN 0031-9228.
Bates, L. F. (July 1957). "Review of Introduction to Solid State Physics Second edition". Science Progress (1933- ). 45 (179): 557–558. ISSN 0036-8504. JSTOR 43424566.
anonymous (December 1956). "Introduction to solid state physics". Journal of the Franklin Institute. 262 (6): 517. doi:10.1016/0016-0032(56)90703-7.
Woolley, J.C. (January 1957). "Introduction to solid state physics". Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. 6 (1): 83. doi:10.1016/0022-5096(57)90051-0.
Jones, H. (1 May 1957). "Introduction to Solid State Physics by C. Kittel". Acta Crystallographica. 10 (5): 390. doi:10.1107/S0365110X57001280. ISSN 0365-110X.
Fan, H. Y. (May 1957). "Introduction to Solid State Physics". American Journal of Physics. 25 (5): 330. Bibcode:1957AmJPh..25..330K. doi:10.1119/1.1934457. ISSN 0002-9505.
Walker, Charles T. (24 February 1967). Kittel, Charles (ed.). "Solid State Physics over 13 Years". Science. 155 (3765): 991. ISSN 0036-8075. JSTOR 1720868.
Holcomb, Donald F. (June 1967). "Introduction to Solid State Physics". American Journal of Physics. 35 (6): 547–548. Bibcode:1967AmJPh..35..547K. doi:10.1119/1.1974177. ISSN 0002-9505.
Ondracek, Gerhard (December 1975). "Einführung in die Festkörperphysik". Journal of Nuclear Materials (in German). 58 (3): 363. doi:10.1016/0022-3115(75)90128-2.
"Einführung in die Festkörperphysik. Von Ch. Kittel. 3. erweiterte und verbesserte Auflage, 519 Bilder, 59 Tabellen, 877 Seiten. R. Oldenbourg Verlag München-Wien, John Wiley u. Sons GmbH Frankfurt 1973, DM 72,-". Physik in unserer Zeit (in German). 6 (4): 130–130. 1975. doi:10.1002/piuz.19750060409.
Schöpf, H.-G. (1971). "Ch. Kittel, Einführung in die Festkörperphysik. 2. verb. Aufl. 744 S. m. 464 Abb. u. 49 Tab. München/Wien 1969. R. Oldenbourg Verlag. Preis geb. DM 65,–". ZAMM - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik (in German). 51 (1): 71–71. doi:10.1002/zamm.19710510128.
Schmidt, G. (1977). "Kittel, C., Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, 3. erweiterte und verbesserte Auflage, München-Wien. R. Oldenbourg Verlag. 1973. 877 S., 519 Abb., 59 Tabellen ". ZAMM - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik (in German). 57 (2): 128–128. doi:10.1002/zamm.19770570220.

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